Facts About Walking and Bicycling
Many of the trips that Americans make every day are short enough to be accomplished on foot, by bicycle or via wheelchair. The 2009 National Household Travel Survey found that approximately 28 percent of all trips are one mile or less and 40 percent of all trips are less than two miles in length—which represents a 30-minute walk.
Walking and bicycling can help to reduce roadway congestion. Many streets and highways carry more traffic than they were designed to handle, resulting in gridlock, wasted time and energy, pollution, and driver frustration. Walking and bicycling require significantly less space per traveler than driving. Roadway improvements to accommodate pedestrians and bicyclists also can enhance safety for motorists. For example, adding paved shoulders on two-lane roads has been shown to reduce the frequency of run-off-road, head-on, and sideswipe motor vehicle crashes.