FAQ Search Results

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Why don't we have more marked crosswalks to help us cross the street?

A legal crosswalk exists at all crossings of public streets at intersections, regardless if it is marked or unmarked, unless the crosswalk has been legally closed to all pedestrians. A crosswalk can only exist at a midblock location if it is marked. ...more >

What is the economic cost of crashes involving bicyclists and pedestrians?

The National Safety Council (NSC) estimates that the comprehensive cost of each person killed in a traffic crash to be $4,538,000 (2012 dollars) (see table below). Multiplying this number by the 726 bicyclists killed in 2012 totals nearly $ ...more >

What is the economic cost of crashes involving bicyclists and pedestrians?

The National Safety Council (NSC) estimates that the comprehensive cost of each person killed in a traffic crash to be $4,538,000 (2012 dollars) (see table below). Multiplying this number by the 726 bicyclists killed in 2012 totals nearly $ ...more >

Are bicyclists allowed to ride on interstates?

It varies by state. All states prohibit cyclists on at least some limited access divided express highways. Several states — Idaho, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Wyoming — permit bikes on virtually all interstates. ...more >

Are bicyclists supposed to ride as far to the right of the roadway as possible?

No! Many state vehicle codes say that bicyclists should operate as far to the right as is practicable, and note that in many situations it is safer and more appropriate for bicyclists to operate away from the right hand edge of the roadway. ...more >

Are bicyclists required to wear helmets?

A number of states and localities have passed laws requiring the use of helmets by bicyclists -- usually targeted at children under the age of 16, although this varies widely. No states have yet passed a law requiring adults to wear helmets. ...more >

Are there health risks to walking?

The health benefits of walking far outweigh the risks, but the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) does recommend following reasonable precautions to minimize and eliminate the risks associated with physical activity in general. ...more >

How safe do people feel walking?

The NHTS National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes completed in 2012 asked all respondents how safe they felt using different modes of transport. When asked, "How satisfied are you with how your local community is designed for making walking safe? ...more >

How many pedestrians are killed and injured each year?

In 2009, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that 4,092 pedestrians were killed in crashes with motor vehicles and 59,000 were injured. These numbers represent a 22 percent drop from 1998. ...more >

What is the effect of in-pavement flashing lights on motorist speeds, yielding behavior, and conflicts with pedestrians?

Many communities are asking about the efficacy of in-roadway flashing warning lights as a safety enhancement at uncontrolled pedestrian crosswalks. An in-roadway warning light system (IRWL) "consists of a series of amber or white lighting units encased in durable housings and embedded in the pavement parallel to a marked crosswalk& ...more >

What is a cycle track?

Cycle tracks are separated bicycle facilities that run alongside a roadway. Unlike bike lanes, cycle tracks are typically separated from automobile traffic by a physical barrier, such as parked cars, ...more >

How many bicyclists are killed and injured each year?

In 2009, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that 630 bicyclists were killed in crashes with motor vehicles and 51,000 were injured. These numbers represent approximately 2 percent of the total number of people killed and injured in traffic crashes. ...more >

What is the current 'state of the art' regarding the design of safe crosswalks, especially in urban settings?

Treatments to improve the safety of crosswalks include: Raised mid-point median. Pedestrian-initiated amber, overhead flashing lights. Stopline painted on the roadway some distance in advance of the crosswalk ( ...more >

Why doesn't our city install more traffic signals to help us cross the street?

Traffic signals are an important means of traffic control. When used properly (and where warranted) they can help improve safety, move more cars, and make it easier to cross the street. The number of crashes at an intersection ( ...more >

When should bicyclists ride on the sidewalk?

In general, bicyclists are better off using the road rather than the sidewalk. However, there may be times even confident cyclists sometimes choose to ride on the sidewalk because there is simply no safe place for them on the roadway. ...more >

Is it safer for bicyclists to ride with traffic or to ride against traffic?

Bicyclists should ride with traffic. One of the keys to safe bicycling is to be as predictable and as conspicuous as possible so that motorists always know you are there and can predict what you are going to do. ...more >

How safe do people feel bicycling?

The Omnibus Survey completed for the Bureau of Transportation Statistics in February 2003 asked all respondents how safe they felt using different modes of transport. When asked, "How satisfied are you with how your local community is designed for making bike riding safe? ...more >

What is traffic justice?

Traffic justice is a term that describes another way to look at motor vehicle crashes, which kill more than 40,000 and injure several million people in America each year. Motor vehicle crashes are the number one killer of children and even young adults into their 30s. ...more >

What is traffic justice?

Traffic justice is a term that describes another way to look at motor vehicle crashes, which kill more than 40,000 and injure several million people in America each year. Motor vehicle crashes are the number one killer of children and even young adults into their 30s. ...more >

What is jaywalking?

Most state and local codes do not reference the term jaywalking; it is not officially defined. It is slang for crossing a street at a point other than an intersection or marked crosswalk, or crossing against a traffic signal indication. ...more >

Do bicycle lanes improve safety for bicyclists?

The overall safety of on-street bicycle lanes is a highly debated topic. Those in favor of bike lanes argue that they improve safety because they encourage cyclists to ride in the correct direction, ...more >

How do cell phones affect pedestrian and bicyclist behavior?

Although there has been extensive research examining the effect of cell phone use on automobile drivers, much less is known about how cell phone use affects pedestrian and bicyclist behavior. To date, ...more >

How do cell phones affect pedestrian and bicyclist behavior?

Although there has been extensive research examining the effect of cell phone use on automobile drivers, much less is known about how cell phone use affects pedestrian and bicyclist behavior. To date, ...more >

What effect do in-street crosswalk signs have on drivers?

Example in-street sign. Motorist compliance with crosswalk laws increased dramatically in Atlanta and Decatur, Georgia, after in-street crosswalk signs similar to the ones shown in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices ( ...more >

How are "Sharrows" or shared-lane markings used to improve bicyclist safety?

At present, shared-lane markings are not in the Manual of Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) and thus are considered by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) to be an experimental treatment ( ...more >

What objections might homeowners make to installing sidewalks in their neighborhoods and how can I address these concerns?

Walking is the most recommended form of exercise. People are more likely to do it when the "gym" is just outside the door. Yet landowner objections sometimes result in disconnected sidewalk systems that make walking in neighborhoods or on work breaks difficult and/ ...more >

What factors are important in designing a safe street for pedestrians?

Pedestrians must be included as a matter of course in the planning and design of roadway plans. This includes reconstruction, repaving, and retrofits of existing streets. Only by integrating pedestrian facilities wholesale will the transportation system work in totality. ...more >

I'd like to see colored bike lanes in my community. What color should we use and what impact with they have?

Many European countries use colored bike lanes to demarcate space for bicyclists and to draw motorists' attention to the bike lanes. The Danes use blue, the Dutch use red, the British use red or green, ...more >

Is it true that trails and bike paths are more dangerous than roads?

There's an oft-quoted statistic that riding on a bike paths is 2.6 times more dangerous than riding on the road. The number comes from a 1974 masters thesis study of adult cyclists that was used by author John Forester in his book & ...more >

How safe is it to bicycle on interstates?

A study of the nearly 4,000 bicycle fatalities in the United States between 1994 and 1998 found that seven bicyclists were killed on rural interstates. All seven riders were riding in the travel lane rather than on the shoulder. ...more >

How important are bicycle facility and roadway maintenance to bicycle safety and access?

Proper bicycle facility and roadway maintenance may be one of the most important ways that states and local communities can improve the safety and accessibility of roads and shared-use paths to bicyclists. ...more >

Why doesn't our city install more flashers to slow down traffic at pedestrian crossings?

Flashing yellow warning beacons, commonly called flashers, are frequently requested in the belief that they will reduce vehicle speeds and improve safety. Flashing beacons are generally helpful when used to alert drivers of an unexpected condition that is not readily apparent. ...more >

For uncontrolled pedestrian crossings (i.e. no traffic signal or stop sign is present), is it safer to have a marked or unmarked crosswalk?

Factors such as traffic volume, speed limit, number of lanes, median type, and pedestrian exposure affect the safety of marked and unmarked crosswalks. In most cases, a marked crosswalk alone is no safer - ...more >

Who is involved in bicycle crashes?

Bicyclists may be involved in crashes with motorists, as well as pedestrians and other cyclists. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reports that in 2005 the average age of bicyclists killed in crashes with motor vehicles was 38. ...more >