International Research

Active Living Approaches by Local Government
This paper discusses the results of surveys of local government officials regarding their ability to encourage active living in communities.
International City/County Management Association, 2004
International

Active Transportation in Urban Areas
The aim of this document is to provide Canadian policy makers, transportation engineers and urban planners with an overview of the potential health benefits and risks of active transportation.
National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health, 2010
Canada

Another Look at Germany's Bicycle Boom
This article attempts to determine the reason for the substantial increase in bicycling in Germany since the early 1970s. It considers two potential sources for the increase: urban planning and external social factors.
World Transport Policy and Practice, 2001
Germany

Bicycling Boom in Germany
This article examines the dramatic boom in bicycling in Germany from the mid 1970s to the mid 1990s.
Transportation Quarterly, 1997
Germany

Canadian Research on Pedestrian Safety
This report oulines and describes the six primary areas of Canadian pedestrian safety research.
Federal Highway Administration, 1999
Canada

Collisions Involving Pedal Cyclists on Britain's Roads: Establishing the Causes
The UK Department for Transport commissioned research to assess the causes of collisions involving cyclists. This report investigates the key causal factors relating to accidents involving cyclists.
Transportation Research Laboratory Reports, 2009
UK

Cyclists (SWOV Fact Sheet)
This paper introduces cyclists as a vulnerable road user, and outlines specific vulnerabilities and ways to accommodate their needs.
Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV), 2006
Netherlands

Dutch Pedestrian Safety Research Review
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), 1999
Netherlands

Estimating Cycling Demand For the Journey to Work or Study in West Edinburgh
This study develops a method to determine the propensity to cycle and provide an estimate of cycling demand in Edinburgh, Scotland, using discrete choice models. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board, or obtained by subscribers.
Transportation Research Board, 2006
UK

Health Impacts of the Built Environment
This review is the third in the series and illustrates how the built environment impacts on health.
Institute of Public Health in Ireland, 2006
Ireland

Increasing the Percentage of Drivers Yielding to Pedestrians in Three Canadian Cities with a Multifaceted Safety Program
This experiment evaluated the efficacy of a multifaceted pedestrian safety program in three Canadian cities.
Health Education Research, 1990
Canada

Making Walking and Cycling Safer
This document outlines programs in Germany and the Netherlands that have improved mobility through non-motorized modes of transportation.
Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3, 2000
Europe

Pedaling Health: Health Benefits of a Modal Transportation Shift
The purpose of this report is to present medical research on the benefits accruing from incorporating exercise into daily living patterns.
Australian Department of Transport, 1996
Australia

Report on Public Health and Urban Sprawl in Ontario
This report summarizes pertinent information on the relationship between urban sprawl and health. It serves to identify the key issues that are relevant to the growing number of sprawl-related health problems in Ontario which is comparable to US situations and is far worse compared to Europe.
Ontario College of Family Physicians, 2005
Canada

Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom, provided with a comprehensive list of references.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), 1999
UK

Safety of Vulnerable Road Users
This report presents a review of the current safety situation of vulnerable road users in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries.
Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, France, 1998
International

Synthesis of Active Traffic Management Experiences in Europe and the United States
This report provides a compilation of lessons learned, experiences, operational results, and benefits associated with active traffic management applications.
Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), 2010
Europe and US

Walking and Cycling International Literature Review
This report presents the findings from a literature review aiming to help professionals understand barriers to walking and cycling as well as infrastructure and policy supports for nonmotorized transportation.
Victoria Department of Transport, 2009
International

Walking, Cycling, and Obesity Rates in Europe, North America, and Australia
This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation and obesity rates in different countries.
Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2008
Australia

Why Canadians Cycle More Than Americans: A Comparative Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies
This paper looks at the reasons by Canadians cycle approximately 3 times more frequently than Americans.
Transport Policy, 2006
Canada

The role of traffic violations in police-reported bicycle crashes in Queensland
This study examines the role of traffic violations in the 6774 police-reported bicycle crashes in Queensland between January 2000 and December 2008.
Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland, Queensland University of Technology, 2010
Australia

Pedestrian Crash Trends and Potential Countermeasures from Around the World
As automobile transportation continues to increase around the world, bicyclists, pedestrians, and motorcyclists, also known as Vulnerable Road Users (VRU), will become more susceptible to traffic crashes.
Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), 2010
International

Cycling Trends and Policies in Canadian Cities
This study evalutates bicycling trends and policies in six Canadian cities: Montreal, Quebec City, Ottawa, Toronto, Vancouver, and Victoria.
Rutgers University, 2005
Canada

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