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Bicycle & Pedestrian Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program of the Federal Highway Administration's Office of Human and Natural Environment, promotes bicycle and pedestrian transportation accessibility, use, and safety.
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Pedestrian/Bicyclist Warning Devices and Signs at Highway-Rail and Pathway-Rail Grade Crossings

Source: Illinois Center for Transportation
The study highlights the multitude of factors related to pedestrian safety at rail crossings and provides an informed discussion for stakeholders to advance safety initiatives.
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Road Diet Conversions: A Synthesis of Safety Research

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The primary purpose of this review is to assess the available evidence regarding the safety effectiveness of reductions in the number of motorized traffic lanes, widely known as road diet conversions.
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An Overview and Recommendations of High-Visibility Crosswalk Marking Styles

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This paper examines the past and current research on crosswalk marking design and explores he best types of marking patterns under various traffic and roadway conditions.
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How to Increase Cycling for Daily Travel (Webinar)

Source: Active Living Research
This webinar was jointly presented by ITE and Active Living Research on August 14, 2013.
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A Profile of Pedestrian Fatalities in King County, WA

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
As pedestrian fatalities and injuries are most common in urban areas, Seattle and King County have by far the greatest number of pedestrian fatalities and injuries in Washington.
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Testing and Evaluation of Pedestrian Sensors

Source: Southwest Region University Transportation Center
The main objective of this study was to evaluate sensors for use in a pedestrian safety test bed in College Station, TX.
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Effect of Gate Skirts on Pedestrian Behavior at Highway-Rail Grade Crossings

Source: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
The purpose of this evaluation was to determine if the addition of gate skirting would result in fewer pedestrian crossing violations after the gates began to descend.
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Comprehensive Study to Reduce Pedestrian Crashes in Florida

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
This project aimed to improve pedestrian safety on Florida's state roads by identifying crash patterns and contributing factors at the statewide and site-specific level and proposing countermeasures to reduce crashes.
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Development of a Navigation System Using Smartphone and Bluetooth Technologies to Help the Visually Impaired Navigate Work Zones Safely

Source: Minnesota Department of Transportation
In this study, a navigation system was developed to alert pedestrians at decision points prior to their arrival at a work zone
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A Technical Guide for Conducting Bicycle Safety Assessments for California Communities

Source: University of California, Berkeley Institute of Transportation Studies
This document describes the California Bicycle Safety Assessment process and provides guidelines for evaluators to conduct BSAs.
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A Technical Guide for Conducting Pedestrian Safety Assessments for California Communities

Source: University of California, Berkeley Institute of Transportation Studies
The first edition of this guidebook was based on material contained in the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) report, Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists (July 2007).
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States: 2014 Benchmarking Report

Source: Alliance for Biking and Walking
The Report combines original research with over 20 government data sources to compile data on bicycling and walking levels and demographics, safety, funding, policies, and a variety of other metrics.
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Evaluation of Bicycle-Related Roadway Measures: A Summary of Available Research

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This document represents an effort to compile all known research on the effect of the bicycle safety countermeasures contained in BIKESAFE.
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Design and Implementation of Pedestrian- and Bicycle-Specific Data Collection Methods in Oregon

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes a comprehensive review of pedestrian and bicycle data collection methods and counting technologies.
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Moving an Age-Friendly DC

Source: Coalition for Smarter Growth
This report addresses age-friendly transportation by focusing on how to improve three key areas of transportation: the pedestrian environment; public transit; and coordinating paratransit, community transportation,
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Identifying Risk Factors for Cyclists in the Australian Capital Territory

Source: Monash University Accident Research Centre
This report examines the behavior of cyclists and their interactions with drivers in order to identify strategies for improving cyclist safety.
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Advantages of Bike Lanes

Source: Tucson-Pima County Bicycle Advisory Committee
This document contains a list of bike lane benefits to bicycles, drivers, and pedestrians.
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Designing for Pedestrians

Source: Washington State Department of Transportation
Washington State's Designing for Pedestrians website offers assistance in the form of research materials, frequently asked questions, and outlines of design standards.
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Making Walking and Cycling Safer

Source: Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3
This document outlines programs in Germany and the Netherlands that have improved mobility through non-motorized modes of transportation.
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Design Guidance for Channelized Right-Turn Lanes

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This report develops guidance for channelized right-turn lanes based on balancing the needs of motor vehicles, pedestrians, and bicycles.
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Road Diet Informational Guide

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guide includes safety, operational, and other considerations from research and practice, and guides readers through the decision-making process to determine if Road Diets are a good fit for a certain corridor.
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The Fatality Risk of Walking in America

Source: Center for Urban Transportation Research - University of South Florida
This paper proposes a time-based comparative approach to examining the fatality risk of walking.
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Evaluation of Pedestrian Countdown Signals in Montgomery County, Maryland

Source: Transportation Research Board
Pedestrian countdown signals installed at five intersections in Montgomery County, Maryland, were evaluated with a before-and-after study.
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Source:
http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/cms/kb/admin/
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Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This issue brief documents estimates of the crash reduction that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to pedestrian crashes. The crash reduction estimates are presented as Crash Reduction Factors (
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Pedestrian Safety Enforcement Operations: A How-To Guide

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The objective of this guide is to provide tips and guidance on how States and communities can effectively deploy pedestrian safety enforcement operations to reduce pedestrian injuries and fatalities.
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Walkability Checklist for Teens

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Everyone walks and there are lots of benefits, like improved fitness, cleaner air, less risk of certain health problems, and a greater sense of community. Walking needs to be safe and easy. Using this tool,
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Walkability Checklist for Teens

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Everyone walks and there are lots of benefits, like improved fitness, cleaner air, less risk of certain health problems, and a greater sense of community. Walking needs to be safe and easy. Using this tool,
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Bikeability Checklist for Teens

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Riding a bike is fun. It's a great way to get around and to get your daily dose of physical activity. It's good for the environment, and it can save you money. No wonder many communities are encouraging people to ride their bicycles more often!
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Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide

Source: FHWA
This Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide outlines planning considerations for separated bike lanes (also sometimes called "cycle tracks" or "protected bike lanes") and provides a menu of design optionscovering typical one and two-
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Guidebook for Mitigating Fixed-Route Bus-and-Pedestrian Collisions

Source: Transportation Research Board (TRB)
This document is designed to help assist transit agencies and community members in identifying preventative or remedial strategies for reducing the frequency and severity of bus-and-pedestrian collisions.
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Understanding Interactions between Drivers and Pedestrian Features at Signalized Intersections

Source: USF Center for Urban Transportation Research
This project aimed to explore driver behaviors at signalized intersections with four identified pedestrian features by using an innovative safety data source, the SHRP 2 Naturalistic Driving Study (
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Bicycles and Motorcycles

Source: Transportation Research Board (TRB)
This document explores bicycle level of service, bicycling demand, bicyclist intersection safety index, bicycle safety, motorcycle training effectiveness, motorcycle ownership and usage, and mobility patterns of motorcycle and moped riders.
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Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks (Volume I)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA, UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report provides an overview of pedestrian and bicycle network principles and highlights examples from communities across the country.
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Analysis of Bicycle-Related and Pedestrian-Related Roadway Crashes

Source: Colorado Department of Transportation
The Colorado Department of Transportation has released a report that explores potential trends, based on patterns in crash types and causes, associated with crashes involving bicyclists and pedestrians.
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Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings

Source: Transit Cooperative Research Program and National Cooperative Highway Research Program
TCRP Report 112/NCHRP Report 562: Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings will be of interest to state, county, and city traffic engineers; transit agencies; roadway designers; and urban planners,
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Bicycle-Related Injuries to Children and Parental Attitudes Regarding Bicycle Safety

Source: Clinical Pediatrics
This study was designed to evaluate bicycle-related injuries among children requiring emergency treatment, assess the use of safety measures before and after injuries, and determine parental attitudes regarding bicycle safety.
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2016 State of Bicycling

Source: City of Memphis
This report outlines some of the key accomplishments for bicycling the City of Memphis achieved since it began improving conditions for persons riding bikes in 2010. A recap of recently constructed bicycle facilities is included along with other noteworthy milestones such as the City'
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States 2016

Source: Alliance for Biking and Walking
The Alliance for Biking & Walking has been tracking data across the U.S. through the Benchmarking Project since 2003. Every two years, the project team releases an updated report with the most recent data available,
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Advancing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This primer is a reference for integrated and improved pedestrian and bicycle safety, summarizing the most promising infrastructure and behavioral programs addressing specific safety problems and highlighting implementation strategies.
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Effect of Electronic Device Use on Pedestrian Safety

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This literature review summarizes pedestrian distraction, driver distraction, and pedestrian-vehicle interactions.
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Method of Improving Pedestrian Safety Proactively with Geographic Information Systems

Source: Transportation Research Record
"The proactive data integration technique developed in this study was applied to pedestrian safety problems on a college campus, aiding the process of planning and implementing various countermeasures related to education,
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An accident waiting to happen

Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention
"There are about 75,000 pedestrian crashes in the United States each year. Approximately 5000 of these crashes are fatal, accounting for 12% of all roadway deaths. On college campuses, pedestrian exposure and crash-
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Safer Cycling through Improved Infrastructure

Source: American Journal of Public Health
This article explores trends in bicycle safety in several North American cities to link infrastructure with safety improvements.
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Trends in Walking and Cycling Safety

Source: American Journal of Public Health (AJPH)
This study examines changes in pedestrian and cyclist fatalities in selected high-income countries, and in fatalities and serious injuries per kilometer by age in the United States and Germany.
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Impact Speed and a Pedestrian's Risk of Severe Injury or Death

Source: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
This study estimates of the risk of severe injury or death for pedestrians struck by vehicles at various speeds.
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States: 2016 Benchmarking Report

Source: Alliance for Bicycling and Walking, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The Alliance for Biking & Walking has been tracking data across the U.S. to provide a comprehensive snapshot of biking and walking in the U.S.
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Chicago Pedestrian-Motor Vehicle Collisions 2001-2005

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report describes the methods and sources of data used and developed, and summarizes roadway/environmental, and vehicle/person characteristics of pedestrian-motor vehicle collisions for the City of Chicago.
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Strategies for Reducing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Injury at the Corridor Level

Source: California Department of Transportation
This study was conducted to develop methods for identifying sites where there is potential for significant reductions in pedestrian and bicyclist injury.
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Traffic Safety Facts - Children

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This briefing presents child traffic fatality and injury statistics, based on data collected in 2008. Subsections focus on child pedestrian safety trends.
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Incidence Rates of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Crashes by Hybrid Electric Passenger Vehicles: An Update

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report seeks to understand the relationship of pedestrian- and bicyclist-motor vehicle crashes by vehicle type, specifically hybrid electric vehicles.
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Safer Vulnerable Road Users: Pedestrians, Bicyclists, Motorcyclists, and Older Users

Source: US Department of Transportation
This is one paper in a series intended to develop a National Strategy on Highway Safety.
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When Distracted Road Users Cross Paths

Source: Public Roads Magazine, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This paper examines the role of distraction — both among drivers and pedestrians — in yielding behaviors at crosswalks on the college campus.
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Contents and Assessment of Traffic Education Programmes

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
In addition to outlining the importance of education programs, this document presents a framework for evaluating the effectiveness of existing programs.
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Sense and Nonsense About Shared Space

Source:
This paper examines the traffic safety improvements and potential conflicts associated with shared space implementation in Germany and the Netherlands.
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Police Enforcement and Driving Speed

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The paper evaluates current techniques used by police to enforce speed limits, and recommends new strategies.
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Crossing Facilities for Cyclists and Pedestrians

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This document presents data on roadway crossing safety, and recommends strategies that can be incorporated to better-understand and improve crossing facilities.
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Pedestrians

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This report briefly presents pedestrian safety statistics and gives an overview of techniques used to improve safety.
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Proven Safety Countermeasures

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Safety
This website provides documentation and information on several countermeasures that have shown to be effective in improving roadway safety.
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Vulnerable Road Users

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This paper defines a "vulnerable" road user, and presents methods for determining who is vulnerable, as well as measures for protecting these individuals.
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Assessment of Driver Yield Rates Pre- and Post-RRFB Installation in Bend, Oregon

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation
This report evaluates the effects of the installation of two Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons (RRFB) on driver yielding behavior in Bend, Oregon.
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Cyclists

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This paper introduces cyclists as a vulnerable road user, and outlines specific vulnerabilities and ways to accommodate their needs.
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Bicycle Helmets

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The report outlines the importance of bicycle helmets, from good fit to frequent use, and gives statistics related to their use.
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Signalized Intersection Enhancements that Benefit Pedestrians

Source: America Walks, Fehr and Peers
This resource summarizes treatments for improving pedestrian safety at signalized intersections.
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Bicycle Facilities on Road Segments and Intersections of Distributor Roads

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The issue of separating bicycle facilities from motorized traffic is discussed, with both pros and cons considered.
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States: 2012 Benchmarking Report

Source: Alliance for Biking and Walking
The benchmarking report analyzes bicycling and walking mode share, safety, and funding data across the US.
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Spotlight on Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
FHWA's aggressive approach to reducing the fatality rate in 13 States and 5 municipalities is showing promising results.
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New Zealand Pedestrian Profile

Source: National Pedestrian Project of New Zealand
This Profile aims to make visible the extent and importance of pedestrian activity and injury in New Zealand.
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Integration of Bicycling and Walking Facilities into the Infrastructure of Urban Communities

Source: Mineta Transportaton Institute
This project highlights best practices and identifies program characteristics associated with high levels of nonmotorized travel, with an emphasis on bicyclists and pedestrians.
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New Jersey Safety along Railroads: Short-Term Action Plan

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This action plan was developed to improve pedestrian safety near rail corridors in New Jersey.
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Evaluation of Alternative Pedestrian Traffic Control Devices

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation
This report summarizes a field study and survey of two treatments in Oregon: Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons and Pedestrian Hybrid beacons.
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Proven Countermeasures for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Public Roads Magazine, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
FHWA and many State DOTs are relying on the demonstrated effectiveness of medians and walkways to help protect those on foot.
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Guidance on Pedestrian Crossing Safety At or Near Passenger Stations

Source: Federal Railroad Administration (FRA)
This report provides implementation guidance to railroads on strategies and methods to prevent pedestrian accidents, incidents, injuries, and fatalities at or near passenger stations.
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Review of Studies on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety, 1991-2007

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report reviews the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research literature in print as of 2007. It summarizes and synthesizes the key studies, evaluates existing knowledge and identifies research gaps and provides recommendations for future direction.
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Community Design and the Incidence of Crashes Involving Pedestrians and Motorists Aged 75 and Over

Source: University Transportation Center for Mobility, Texas Transportation Institute (TTI)
This study employs a series of negative binomial regression models to understand how urban form may affect the incidence of total and killed-or-severely-injured (KSI) crashes involving older drivers and pedestrians.
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Safety Effects of In-Roadway Warning Lights or “Flashing Crosswalk” Treatment

Source: UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This review of nine before-after evaluation studies indicates that this treatment is not a panacea for all problem crosswalk locations.
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Sharing the Road: Optimizing Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety and Vehicle Mobility

Source: Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT)
This research initiative combines the results of five reports to provide recommendations for improving the multimodal aspects of the Michigan Department of Transportation (MDOT) transportation network.
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Pedestrian Safety Roadmap & Resource Catalog

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)'s Pedestrian Safety Roadmap & Resource Catalog is divided into these six helpful sections: 1. Making a Commitment: Motivate key decision-makers to take action in making your community safer and more walkable.
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Rectangular Rapid Flashing Beacons in St. Petersburg

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This case study examines the installation of rectangular rapid flashing beacons (RRFB) in St. Petersburg, FL.
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Cycling on Higher Speed Roads

Source: Austroads
This report investigates the provision of facilities for bicycles on high speed roads.
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Minimum Design Parameters for Cycle Connectivity

Source: New Zealand Transportation Agency
This report explores the relationship between lane/shoulder width and the likelihood of cyclists traversing the edge line into the motorized vehicle stream.
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Nickerson Street Road Diet

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Nickerson Street in Seattle, WA, was a difficult roadway for pedestrians to cross because it had four travel lanes and few pedestrian crossings.
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Injured Cyclist Profile: An In-Depth Study of a Sample of Cyclists Injured in Road Crashes in South Australia

Source: Centre for Automotive Safety Research
This project explores the circumstances surrounding crash involvement for a group of bicycle riders involved in a collision with a motorised vehicle between January 1 2008 and December 31 2010.
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New Zealand Pedestrian Crossing Facility Calculation Tool

Source: Land Transport New Zealand
This tool can be used to calculate delay, safety, and benefit cost for potential pedestrian facilities in New Zealand.
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The Conspicuity of South Australian Cyclists: Implications for Safety

Source: Centre for Automotive Safety Research
The Centre for Automotive Safety Research has released a report that explores the level of front and rear conspicuity of South Australian commuting cyclists.
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Pedestrian Safety Guidelines

Source: Carson Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (CAMPO)
The primary goal of these guidelines is to offer recommendations on how to enhance the pedestrian safety within the CAMPO area.
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Evaluating Pedestrian Safety Improvements

Source: Michigan Department of Transportation, Western Michigan University, T.Y. Lin International
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the impact of new pedestrian countermeasure installations on pedestrian safety to assist in informing future pedestrian safety initiatives.
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Guide Information for Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Austroads
This report identifies areas where additional advice and guidance on pedestrian facilities can be incorporated into the Austroads Guides.
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Pedestrians and Cyclists on Major Roads

Source: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
This report reviews possible pedestrian and bicycle solutions along roads with speeds between 70 and 90 kilometers per hour.
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Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom, provided with a comprehensive list of references.
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The National Bicycling and Walking Study: 15-Year Status Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This update to the National Bicycling and Walking Study reports progress toward two national goals of increasing mode share while reducing fatalities and injuries.
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Canadian Research on Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report oulines and describes the six primary areas of Canadian pedestrian safety research.
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Pedestrian Safety in Sweden

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries.
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Dutch Pedestrian Safety Research Review

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
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Pedestrian Safety in Australia

Source: Federal Highway Adminstration (FHWA)
This report explores pedestrian safety in Australia, and focuses on Local Area Traffic Management and other innovative traffic calming measures.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This User Guide provides practitioners with instructions for applying the Ped/Bike ISI to their local intersections.
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Bicycle Safety Message to Parents, Teachers, and Motorists

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and Consumer Products Safety Commission
To make bicycles safer, the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission developed a mandatory safety standard for bicycles to help eliminate injuries due to mechanical and structural failures.
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Difficulties of Older Cyclists and Their Compensation

Source:
Thirty cyclists were interviewed and were asked for their cycling habits and how they deal with different situations in traffic.
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The National Bicycling and Walking Study

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report draws upon all of the work completed until 1994 in outlining a plan of action to promote bicycling and walking as viable transportation options for more Americans.
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Stop Neighborhood Speeding

Source: Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety (PEDS)
This flier explains how community members can create safer streets by lowering automobile speeds.
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What Georgia Drivers Must Know About Pedestrians

Source: Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety (PEDS)
Aimed at drivers, this flier explains Georgia's laws concerning safe and legal behavior around pedestrians.
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Streetwise Cycling

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation
This short handbook is designed to any cyclist's needs, addressing issues such as skills, emergencies, and equipment.
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Pedestrian Safety

Source: Global Road Safety Partnership
This report discusses the magnitude of pedestrian deaths and injuries, key risk factors, and how to assess an area's pedestrian safety situation.
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Bicycle/Pedestrian Planning Strategies

Source: Center for Transportation and the Environment
The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA- LU), passed by Congress in 2005, provides new provisions and expands previous legislation that support bicycle and pedestrian programming,
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The Truth about Lane Widths

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
What if we could narrow the lanes on a roadway without adversely impacting the operations of the roadway? This case study addresses current research on lane widths.
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Traffic Safety Fact Sheets

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This site contains links to annual NHTSA traffic safety fact sheets from 1993 to the current year for pedestrians, cyclists (pedalcyclists), school transportation, and others.
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Walk Wise, Drive Smart

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
"Walk Wise, Drive Smart" was created to improve pedestrian safety and walkability for older adults in the greater Hendersonville, North Carolina community.
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Green Ribbon Month

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community groups, schools, and government agencies cooperate on a "Green Ribbon" public awareness campaign to successfully improve pedestrian safety at school zone intersections.
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Literature Review on Vehicle Travel Speeds and Pedestrian Injuries Among Selected Racial/Ethnic Groups

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The relationship between vehicle travel speeds and resulting pedestrian injury was reviewed in the literature and in existing data sets.
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Evaluation of Lane Reduction "Road Diet" Measures and Their Effects on Crashes and Injuries

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the safety benefits of road diets.
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What Do Traffic Crashes Cost?

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report updates the national estimates of employer costs of crashes presented in Traffic Safety and Health Care: State and National Estimates of Employer Costs and adds estimates of employer costs by industry.
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Cycling Safety on Bikeways versus Roads

Source: Transportation Quarterly
This article compares the relative safety of cycling on traffic-separated bike lanes and bike paths compared to cycling on roadways in mixed traffic.
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Accommodating Pedestrians in Work Zones

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure provides some helpful guidelines that can be used to accommodate pedestrians in work zones.
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National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT)
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study.
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Zone Guide for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This guide describes what zoning is and explains how to design and use pedestrian safety zones to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of pedestrian safety programs.
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Worker Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
There are regulations and available resources that can specifically help workers perform their jobs safely.
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Safety Effectiveness of the HAWK Pedestrian Crossing Treatment

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A before-after study of the safety performance of the HAWK was conducted.
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Evaluation of Pedestrian-Related Roadway Measures: A Summary of Available Research

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This document represents an effort to compile all known research on the effect of the pedestrian safety countermeasures contained in PEDSAFE.
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PEDSAFE: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who walk. The online tools provide the user with a list of possible engineering,
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Walkability Checklist

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Includes questions to evaluate a neighborhood's walkability as well as solutions to a neighborhood's potential problems.
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GIS Tools for Improving Pedestrian and Bike Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This TechBrief discusses the use of GIS software to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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Pedestrian Synthesis Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The following document summarizes research on pedestrian safety in the United States with a focus on crash characteristics and the safety effects of various roadway features and traffic-control devices;
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GIS-Based Crash Referencing and Analysis System

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This paper summarizes efforts to develop a crash referencing and analysis system within GIS.
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Ultra-Violet Headlamp Technology for Nighttime Enhancement of Fluorescent Roadway Delineation and Pedestrian Visibility

Source: Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Center for Applied Research, Federal Highway Administration
This study reports on the the first extensive field evaluation of the pedestrian safety benefits provided by UV headlamps.
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Ice, snow and slippery sidewalks: For many seniors, winter is "hip season"

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
This article focuses on hazardous winter walking conditions and the effect they have on the senior population.
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Highway Safety Needs of U.S. Hispanic Communities: Issues and Strategies

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report discusses the highway safety needs of Hispanic communities.
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Impaired Pedestrians

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Fact sheet on crashes involving impaired pedestrians.
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Spanish-language Bicycle Safety Poster

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This poster promotes bicycle safety in Spanish.
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Human Factors Assessment of Pedestrian Roadway Crossing Behaviors

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report explores the influence of pedestrian and environmental factors in crossing location choices.
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Compilation of Pedestrian Devices in Use at Grade Crossings

Source: Federal Railroad Administration
This document was developed as a first step in providing future guidance for the selection and installation of pedestrian traffic control devices at railroad grade crossing.
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Bilingual Bicycle Safety Brochure

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure urges bicyclists to keep right, wear a helmet, use reflectors, and to obey traffic laws, in both English and Spanish.
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National Safety Council

Source: National Safety Council
This site contains upcoming events, headline news, safety fact sheets, a safety product buyer's guide, an online library, and online training courses, in addition to information about services offered including consulting,
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Types of the Early 1990s

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research applied basic NHTSA pedestrian and bicyclist typologies to a sample of crashes to refine and update the crash type distributions.
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Caution

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure promotes pedestrian safety both in English and Spanish.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: Sources, Needs, & Gaps

Source: USDOT and Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This review of existing data and data needs was based on outreach to user groups that included planners, advocates, and researchers at federal, state, and local government agencies, universities, and nonprofit organizations.
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Intoxication

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure educates pedestrians on the safety hazards of alcohol both in English and Spanish.
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Transportation Research Board

Source: Transportation Research Board
The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to promote innovation and progress in transportation through research. The site provides a wealth of documents online as well as books and journals for sale.
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Office of Behavioral Safety Research Electronic Library of Publications

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
NHTSA's Office of Behavioral Safety Research, in conjunction with the DOT Library, has established an electronic library of the Office's research publications.
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Sidewalks and Crosswalks

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure promotes pedestrian safety both in English and Spanish and encourages pedestrians to walk facing traffic.
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Guidance Memorandum on Consideration and Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures

Source: Federal Highway Association
FHWA memo of action on consideration and implementation of proven safety countermeasures.
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Pedestrian Hybrid Beacon Guide

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) Office of Safety
This guide documents best practices for selecting locations for and installing pedestrian hybrid beacons, including a case study.
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Bicycle Compatibility Index

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research report presents a bicycle compatibility index (BCI) methodology that can be used by practitioners to evaluate the capability of specific roadways to accommodate both motorists and bicyclists.
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Characteristics of Emerging Road Users and Their Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study identifies the operational characteristics of an increasingly diverse group of trail and other nonmotorized transportation users.
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Pedestrian Safety Countermeasure Deployment Project

Source: Federal Highway Administration
In 2002, the Federal Highway Administration awarded grants to the cities of San Francisco, Las Vegas and Miami to examine and map out their pedestrian crashes and develop a plan for deploying and evaluating various pedestrian safety countermeasures in high crash &
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Brochure: Signals

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure educates pedestrians about traffic signals both in English and Spanish.
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Characteristics Related to Midblock Pedestrian-Vehicle Crashes and Potential Treatments

Source:
The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the characteristics of midblock pedestrian crashes for use in determining appropriate safety treatments. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Flyer: Crosswalks

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
These flyers urge pedestrians to look both ways before stepping into the crosswalk in both English and Spanish.
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Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
SWOV is an independent, scientific institute. SWOV's knowledge is public information and is made available to anyone who wants it, and is professionally involved in traffic and road safety in the Netherlands.
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Traffic Safety Facts: Pedalcyclists

Source: National Center for Statistics and Analysis, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This document gives a summary of the characteristics of pedalcyclist (bicyclist) crashes in 2003.
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Bilingual Pedestrian Flyer: Crosswalks and Signals

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
These flyers urge pedestrians to make eye contact before crossing the road. In English and Spanish.
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Crash Type Manual for Bicyclists

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
More than thirty images illustrate various bicycle-motorist crash types. The documents include information on the cause, typical bicyclist age, frequency, and severity for the crash type.
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Bicycle Crash Data

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
This document summarizes an analysis of 1998 bicycle crash data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Flyer: Intoxication

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
"Every seven minutes a pedestrian is killed or injured in a crash. Almost half are under the influence of alcohol." These flyers promote pedestrian safety both in English and Spanish.
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Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the effects of pedestrians and bicyclists on the capacity of signalized intersections. These procedures augment the existing Highway Capacity Manual signalized intersection Level of Service procedures for locations with substantial pedestrian and/
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Injury to Pedestrians and Bicyclists

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the current study was to broaden understanding about the safety of pedestrians and bicyclists.
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AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety

Source: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
This site provides education and research material to government agencies, educational institutions, advocacy organizations, and schools.
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Public Lighting for Safe and Attractive Pedestrian Areas

Source: NZ Transport Agency
This report adds to the understanding of public lighting for safe and attractive pedestrian areas
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International Synthesis Report: United Kingdom

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom. A comprehensive list of references is provided. The report covers many types of pedestrian facilities, the UK pedestrian safety record,
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Sight Line - Designing Streets for People with Low Vision

Source: Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment
A pioneering study that shows how better street design can transform life for people with low vision, helping them to become more confident and more mobile.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Strategic Planning Research Workshops

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report presents a summary of the workshop activities, recommendations from the participants, and a series of white papers on a variety of pedestrian and bicycle issues requiring further research.
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International Synthesis Report: Canada

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Canadian research on pedestrian safety.
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International Synthesis Report: Sweden

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries.
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Poster: Intoxication

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This poster educates pedestrians about the safety hazards of alcohol. In Spanish and English.
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Recommended Procedures for Testing and Evaluating Detectable Warning Systems

Source: Transportation Research Board
This report presents a set of recommended test methods for evaluating durability of detectable warning systems.
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International Synthesis Report: Netherlands

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
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Bilingual Pedestrian Safety Poster: Sidewalks

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This poster urges pedestrians to walk facing traffic. In Spanish and English.
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American Council of the Blind--Pedestrian Safety

Source: American Council of the Blind
The American Council of the Blind is the nation's leading membership organization of blind and visually impaired people.
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10 Smart Routes to Bicycle Safety

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This bicycle safety brochure was published jointly by DOT's National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission.
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International Synthesis Report: Australia

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Australian research and activities regarding pedestrian safety.
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Hispanic Radio Public Service Announcement #1

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This public service announcement is intended for broadcast on hispanic radio. It uses a small dramatized conversation between two women to highlight the necessity of respecting traffic signals and of looking both ways before crossing the road.
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Hispanic Radio Public Service Announcement #2

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This public service announcement is intended for broadcast on hispanic radio. It uses a small dramatized conversation between two men on their way to work to illustrate the need to respect traffic signals and look both ways before crossing the road,
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Making Streets Safer for Seniors on Foot

Source: Highway Safety Research Center
Older walkers face the same dangers as younger pedestrians but often have less physical agility to cope with those dangers. This news style article written for the Partnership for a Walkable America discusses the challenges for elderly pedestrians.
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Safety Effects of Cross-Section Design on Rural Multilane Highways

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the effects of various cross-section-related design elements on accident frequency and developed an accident prediction model for rural, multilane, nonfreeway highways.
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'Cops in Crosswalks': Pedestrian Decoy Enforcement in New Jersey

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The New Jersey Pedestrian Decoy Safety Program, 'Cops in Crosswalks,' worked to raise awareness of pedestrian safety and new driving laws regarding crosswalks.
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Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute

Source: Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute
This helmet advocacy site offers a wide variety of educational and promotional material for children, teachers, and advocates.
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Motor-Vehicle-Related Deaths Involving Intoxicated Pedestrians

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This article from the Centers for Disease Control's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report provides statistics on motor-vehicle-related deaths involving intoxicated pedestrians between 1982 and 1992.
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National Pedestrian Crash Report

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
Analyzed trends in pedestrian fatalities and police-reported motor vehicle crashes involving a pedestrian in the US. Pedestrian fatalities declined between 1997 and 2006. The probability of a pedestrian fatality increased.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT)

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT) is a crash typing software product intended to assist state and local pedestrian/bicycle coordinators, planners and engineers with improving walking and bicycling safety through the development and analysis of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists.
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The Pedestrian and Bicyclist Highway Safety Problem as it Relates to the Hispanic Population in the United States

Source: Center for Applied Research, Inc., Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the level of involvement of Hispanics in pedestrian and bicycle crashes.
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Crosswalk Marking Field Visibility Study

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this study was to investigate the relative daytime and nighttime visibility of three crosswalk marking patterns: transverse lines, continental, and bar pairs.
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Evaluation of Shared Lane Markings

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of several uses of shared lane pavement markings, specifically sharrow design, on operational and safety measures for bicyclists and motorists.
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Evaluation of Automated Pedestrian Detection at Signalized Intersections

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Automated pedestrian detection systems provide the means to detect the presence of pedestrians as they approach the curb prior to crossing the street, and then "call" the Walk signal without any action required on the part of the pedestrian.
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Effects of Yellow Rectangular Rapid-Flashing Beacons on Yielding at Multilane Uncontrolled Crosswalks

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study examined the effects of the RRFB at uncontrolled marked crosswalks.
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Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan: Recommendations for Research and Product Development

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Strategic Plan identifies 28 new research topics to address four primary categories of research needs.
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Pedestrian Safety Strategic Plan: Background Report

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This Background Report provides the knowledge base behind the Strategic Plan and documents the activities and findings of the project that support the development of the Plan.
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An Analysis of Factors Contributing to "Walking Along Roadway" Crashes: Research Study and Guidelines for Sidewalks and Walkways

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study for the Federal Highway Administration was conducted to determine the roadway, traffic, and socio-economic factors related to pedestrian "walking along roadway" crashes involving motor vehicles.
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Evaluation of HAWK Signal at Georgia Avenue and Hemlock Street, NW in the District of Columbia

Source: District Department of Transportation
A High-intensity Activated crossWalK (HAWK) signal was installed at an intersection in Washington DC to reduce incidences of pedestrian-vehicle conflicts as well as overall crashes involving pedestr
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Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This document contains both new and revised procedures for analyzing various types of exclusive and mixed-use pedestrian facilities. It also includes a comprehensive set of recommended service measures of effectiveness,
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Methods of Increasing Pedestrian Safety at Right-Turn-on-Red Intersections (Final Report)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this study was to determine current motorist compliance to RTOR regulations, develop and test countermeasures for RTOR pedestrian accidents, and develop guidelines for prohibition of RTOR.
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Safety Effects of Marked vs Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to determine whether marked crosswalks at uncontrolled locations are safer than unmarked crosswalks under various traffic and roadway conditions. Another objective was to providerecommendations on how to provide safer crossings for pedestrians.
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Pedestrian Safety in Native America

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Since American Indians have the highest rates of pedestrian injury and fatality in the country, this study was performed to typify crashes among American Indians in the United States.
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Pedestrian Safety on Rural Highways

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The research described in this paper sought to identify the characteristics of rural pedestrian fatalities in ten states with above-average rates of rural pedestrian fatalities.
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Pedsmart

Source: Highway Safety Research Center
Explores the recent developments in hardware and other technologies offering the potential of improving pedestrian safety and access by addressing specific problems associated with crossing the street.
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Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America

Source: AARP
This report offers refinements to intersection design treatments recommended by the Federal Highway Administration in its Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians.
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Safety Benefits of Walkways, Sidewalks, and Paved Shoulders

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Providing walkways separated from the travel lanes could help to prevent up to 88 percent of these "walking along roadway" crashes.
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Bicycle Safety-Related Research Synthesis

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research synthesis is designed to summarize bicycle safety-related research and applied research since 1981 in the United States. The report updates an earlier synthesis prepared for the Federal Highway Administration in 1981.
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Safety Benefits of Raised Medians and Pedestrian Refuge Areas

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) strongly encourages the use of raised medians (or refuge areas) in curbed sections of multi-lane roadways in urban and suburban areas.
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Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Synthesis and Guide to Best Practice

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This document provides background information on how pedestrians who are blind or visually impaired cross streets, and how Accessible Pedestrian Signals assist this process.
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Keep Kids Alive Drive 25®

Source: Keep Kids Alive Drive 25® (KKAD25)
Keep Kids Alive Drive 25® is a non-profit safety campaign targeting observance of the residential speed limit. The website provides promotional materials, ordering information, crash statistics, and other information.
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Tip # 8, Kids on the Move: Walking and Bicycling Safely

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Web-based tip sheet for parents highlights what parents need to know to enable their children to walk and bike safely.
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Eighth United States-Japan Workshop on Advanced Technology in Highway Engineering

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes the 8th U.S.- Japan Workshop on Pedestrian and Nighttime Safety. Focus areas included general trends in the U.S. and Japan, funding, disabled and elderly pedestrians, Geographic Information Systems (
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On the Move: by Foot

Source: Department for Transport
This document suggests how we might both improve conditions for walking and increase the number of journeys made on foot.
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Crossing Solutions at Roundabouts and Channelized Turn Lanes for Pedestrians with Vision Disabilities

Source: Transportation Research Board
This report explores concerns over the accessibility of two complex intersection forms for blind pedestrians: intersections with channelized right turn lanes and roundabouts with one-lane and two-lane approaches.
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Pedestrian Crash Trends and Potential Countermeasures from Around the World

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
As automobile transportation continues to increase around the world, bicyclists, pedestrians, and motorcyclists, also known as Vulnerable Road Users (VRU), will become more susceptible to traffic crashes.
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Risk of injury for bicycling on cycle tracks versus in the street

Source: Injury Prevention
The objective of this study conducted in Montreal (with a longstanding network of cycle tracks) was to compare bicyclist injury rates on cycle tracks versus in the street.
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Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers
Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities, A Recommended Practice of the Institute of Transportation Engineers is intended to provide guidance on how to implement a comprehensive program of engineering,
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National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report

Source: United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States.
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Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies in Large North American Cities

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration
This research report for the reviews trends in cycling levels, safety, and policies in large North American cities over the past two decades.
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Fatality Facts 2005 - Bicycles

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
The following facts are based on analysis of data from the US Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
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Fatality Facts 2005 - Pedestrians

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
The following facts are based on analysis of data from the US Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
Read More >

 

New Jersey Congestion, Security, and Safety Initiative

Source: Center for Advanced Infastructure and Transportation (CAIT) at Rutgers University, The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This project examines the relationship between effective national transportation congestion, security, and safety technology transfer applications.
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Identification and Ranking of High Pedestrian Crash Zones for Allocation of Safety Funds

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper presents 1) a methodology to study the spatial patterns of pedestrian crashes in order to identify high pedestrian crash zones, and 2) an evaluation of methods to rank these high pedestrian crash zones.
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Pedestrians Make Safe Choices Flier

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This activity is for older elementary school age children. It demonstrates the safe way to cross a street.
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Bicyclists Make Safe Choices Flier

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This activity is for older elementary school age children. It demonstrates safe bicycling behavior.
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Pedestrian Safety Activity Page

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
A pedestrian safety activity for children in midelementary school age years.
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A Guide for Reducing Collisions at Signalized Intersections

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board
This document provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions at signalized intersections.
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Child Pedestrian Safety Curriculum

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The Child Pedestrian Safety Curriculum teaches and encourages pedestrian safety for students grades Kindergarten through 5th Grade.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Control Device Evaluation Methods

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report offers traffic engineering practitioners information on how to evaluate roadway traffic control devices used by pedestrians and bicyclists.
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Pedestrian Countermeasure Policy Best Practice Report

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report highlights State departments of transportation that have developed policies related to medians, walkways, and shoulders.
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Pedestrian roadway fatalities

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
"The objective of this study by the National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA) was to examine the pedestrian fatalities in motor vehicle crashes."
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New Directions in Speed Management: A Review of Policy

Source: Department for Transportation
This review was formed to develop a speed policy that takes account of the contribution of reduced speeds to environmental and social objectives as well as road safety.
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State Best Practice Policy for Shoulders and Walkways

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report highlights three agencies that have implemented policies and plans that promote the inclusion of paved shoulders and walkways.
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A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Volume 10: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions involving pedestrians.
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Pedestrian Access to Roundabouts: Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments to Improve Access

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report describes two related studies intended to address double-lane roundabout accessibility issues for visually impaired pedestrians.
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Cambridge Street Code: Rules and Etiquette for Getting There Together

Source: City of Cambridge, Community Development Department
Educational resource for anyone who walks, bikes, drives, or uses transit. Includes visuals demonstrating how to use the various kinds of infrastructure on the streets in Cambridge.
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Crash Models for Rural Intersections

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report describes the collection, analysis, and modeling of crash and roadway data for intersections on rural roads in California and Michigan for the years 1993-1995.
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Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This site freely offers extensive data, statistics, and reports concerning transportation in the United States in addition to an online bookstore.
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Consumer Product Safety Commission Recreational Safety Publications

Source: United States Consumer Product Safety Commission
This page provides a safety reports concerning a variety of recreational and sports activities.
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Finding Strategies to Improve Pedestrian Safety in Rural Areas

Source: United States Department of Transportation, Connecticut Transportation Institute
The objective of this research is to study the safety of pedestrian crossings in rural areas to discover factors that help explain high rates of collisions involving pedestrians crossing the road.
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From Targeted "Black Spots" to Area-wide Pedestrian Safety

Source: Injury Prevention
This study describes and illustrates the geographic distribution of pedestrian crash sites in Montreal, Canada with an alternative data source. The full article may be purchased from Injury Prevention,
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A Compendium of NHTSA's Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Safety Research Projects, 1969-2007

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This compendium describes the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research conducted by the Office of Behavioral Safety Research and its predecessor organizations during the period 1969-2007.
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Focusing on the Senior Pedestrian

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This short web document addresses the unique difficulties of the senior pedestrian, illustrating with charts and graphs.
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Methods of Increasing Pedestrian Safety at Right-Turn-On-Red Intersections (User's Manual)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study sought to determine current motorist compliance to RTOR regulations, develop and test countermeasures for RTOR pedestrian crashes, and develop improved guidelines for prohibition of RTOR.
Read More >

 

Investigation of the Impact of Medians on Road Users

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety impact of raised curb medians, two-way left-turn lane medians, and undivided cross sections on vehicular and pedestrian traffic. The study concentrates on medians located on unlimited access arterials in central business districts (
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NYU Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management

Source: New York University Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management
This site freely provides all the center's research publications, information on education courses and technical assistance, and updates on news and events.
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Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Federal Highway Administration guidelines and prompt lists will help familiarize transportation professionals with pedestrian issues and help them identify specific concerns related to pedestrian safety throughout the road safety audit process.
Read More >

 

A Challenge Grant

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document outlines a Multimedia Course on Bicycle Safety that uses video, animation and smart traffic templates to test and evaluate student's knowledge of the course's content.
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Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report compares five school-pedestrian crossing designs with their fully signalized control sites discussing their relative advantages and disadvantages. Further comparisons were made between the various alternatives.
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Rutgers Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center

Source: The State University of New Jersey at Rutgers
The Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center (VTC) at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a national leader in the research and development of innovative transportation policy.
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Texas Transportation Institute

Source: Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports.
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University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources.
Read More >

 

Factors Influencing Injury Severity of Motor Vehicle-Crossing Pedestrian Crashes in Rural Connecticut.

Source: Accident Analysis & Prevention, Elsevier Science Ltd.
The ordered probit model was used to evaluate the effect of roadway and area type features on injury severity of pedestrian crashes in rural Connecticut. The full text can be purchased through ScienceDirect,
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Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes that protion of the research dealing with pedestrian signal displays and operation which was completed in Phase II of the three-phase project on urban intersection improvements for pedestrian safety.
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Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes research completed in the first phase of a three-phase project. This phase was directed at identifying and defining the safety and operational problems associated with the interaction of pedestrians and vehicles at intersections.
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Pedestrian Crosswalk Safety: Evaluating In-Pavement, Flashing Warning Lights

Source: Federal Highway Administration, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report describes work undertaken to determine the effect of an in-pavement flashing warning light system installed on a crosswalk on pedestrian safety, relative to striping.
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Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the study of Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety was to identify problems associated with pedestrian-vehicle interactions at intersections, develop countermeasure concepts that would reduce these problems,
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Geometric Design Practices for European Roads

Source: International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents examples of European design practice and operations.
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Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report presents the final results of the signal timing element fo the FHWA research project "Urban Intersection Improvements for Pedestrian Safety." The report discusses the research which was conducted,
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Rails with Trails: Lessons Learned

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A research report about trails located near railroad and transit rights-of-way.
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The Facts: Alcohol Impaired Pedestrians Among Diverse Populations

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Summary of a study that addressed the involvement of various cultural populations in alcohol-related pedestrian crashes, and suggested potential countermeasures targeting this problem.
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A Review of the Impacts of the Towaway Reporting Threshold on a Highway Safety Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study reviews the potential impacts of a towaway reporting threshold on the North Carolina Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) listings and on the locations and types of crash patterns identified on collision diagrams by field engineers.
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Conflicts on Multiple Use Trails

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Presents a series of principles for more effective operations of multi use trails.
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Pedestrian Safety and Transit Corridors

Source: Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC), Washington State Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
This research examines the relationship between pedestrian accident locations on state-owned facilities (highways and urban arterials) and the presence of rider boardings and alightings from bus transit.
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Child Pedestrian Safety Education

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report scientifically reviews the literature on child pedestrian education and discusses possible child pedestrian safety programs that could be more effective in keeping child pedestrians safe.
Read More >

 

Older Pedestrian Characteristics for Use in Highway Design

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this project was to develop traffic planning and engineering guidelines for the design of pedestrian facilities that are sensitive to the needs of older pedestrians.
Read More >

 

Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Among Hispanics

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
In an effort to reduce pedestrian and bicycle fatalities involving newly-arrived Hispanic immigrants, NHTSA has made available traffic safety materials in Spanish (e.g., posters, brochures, radio announcements,
Read More >

 

Traffic Operations Control for Older Drivers and Pedestrians

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Offers guidelines on roadway and traffic control device use by older drivers and pedestrians.
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Pedestrian Safety Report to Congress

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report was a response to the SAFETEA-LU, Public Law 109-59, Section 2003(e), which requires the Secretary of Transportation to produce a comprehensive report on pedestrian safety.
Read More >

 

Bicycle Safer Journey

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This interactive CD-ROM is a virtual journey designed to increase our awareness of bicycle safety.
Read More >

 

National Strategies for Advancing Bicycle Safety

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
A call to action to improve bicycle safety with five critical goals and 18 specific action items.
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National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Proposes strategies intended to be used by anyone interested in reducing pedestrian injuries among children, while encouraging them to explore their environment by walking.
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Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guide is intended for transit agency staff looking to improve pedestrian safety and access near transit stations, bus stops, and other transit locations.
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Final Detailed Findings Report for Marketing Plan and Outreach Materials that Promote Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety to Different Hispanic Populations in the United States

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this review is to develop a marketing plan of the most effective methods of promoting bicycle and pedestrian safety to Hispanic audiences.
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Bicycling and Walking in the US 2010 Benchmarking Report

Source: Alliance for Biking & Walking
The Benchmarking Project is an on-going effort to collect and analyze data on bicycling and walking in all 50 states and the 51 largest U.S. cities.
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Pedestrian Safety Prediction Methodology for Urban Signalized Intersections

Source: Transportation Research Board
The objective of this research was to develop a methodology for quantifying the pedestrian safety effects related to existing site characteristics and/or proposed improvements on urban and suburban arterials.
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Prevent Bicycle Crashes: Parents and Caregivers

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This flyer provides information about common crash types, how children perceive traffic, and recommendations to avoid and to teach children to avoid crashes.
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Preventing Backovers (Spanish)

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This Spanish-language document provides information to help prevent motorist backovers of children.
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Pedestrian Forum newsletter

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A quarterly newsletter focusing on topics on how to improve conditions for bicycling and walking and to make them safer ways to travel.
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Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This issue brief documents estimates of the crash reduction that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to pedestrian crashes. The crash reduction estimates are presented as Crash Reduction Factors (
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Promoting Safe Walking and Cycling to Improve Public Health: Lessons from The Netherlands and Germany

Source: American Journal of Public Health, Vol 93.9
This report examines the public health consequences of unsafe and inconvenient walking and bicycling conditions in American cities and suggest improvements based on successful policies in The Netherlands and Germany.
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Identifying Locations for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety Improvements in Chapel Hill and Carrboro, North Carolina

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
The objective of the present study was to identify areas with potential hazards for pedestrians and bicyclists to aid in prioritizing safety improvements.
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Pedestrian Mobility and Safety Audit Guide

Source: American Association of Retired Persons (AARP), Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This guide explains the myriad issues related to pedestrian safety and mobility. It includes photos of what to look for and findings from surveys in four cities.
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Atlas of Injury Mortality

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This report is intended for use as a reference tool for public health professionals and decision makers who are interested in reducing injuries among Native American children and youth.
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Measuring Community Bicycle Helmet Use Among Children

Source: Public Health Reports, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The authors of this study describe what they learned through conducting studies to monitor community bicycle helmet use by children, and they share strategies and methods that they found useful in conducting bicycle helmet use studies.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility in Europe

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of the 2009 international scanning study was to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility.
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Evaluation of the Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacon at a Pinellas Trail Crossing in St. Petersburg, Florida

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, FDOT
This report is an evaluation of the installation of the rectangualr rapid flash beacon (RRFB) where the Pinellas Trail crosses 22nd Avenue N in St. Petersburg, Florida.
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Bicycle Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this resource is to provide transportation agencies and RSA teams with a better understanding of the safety of cyclists in the transportation system when conducting an RSA.
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Safety Effects of the Conversion of Rural Two-Lane Roadways to Four-Lane Roadways

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study develops an initial estimate of the safety effects of conversion of typical sections of two- to four-lane roads and predicts whether such effects would be similar across multiple States.
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Countermeasures That Work

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report explores highway safety strategies and countermeasures relevant to State Highway Safety Offices; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation; and provides references to research summaries and individual studies.
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Safety Effects of Using Narrow Lanes and Shoulder-Use Lanes to Increase the Capacity of Urban Freeways

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study analyzes the safety effects of using narrower lanes to increase the number of travel lanes in urban freeways.
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Pedestrian Safety at Intersections

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This safety brief provides information on pedestrian crashes at intersections, and offers recommendations to reduce pedestrian injuries and fatalities.
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Pedestrian Safety Instructor's Guide

Source: NHTSA, ASPIRA, CAL
This curriculum module presents key safety concepts through the story of a pedestrian-motor vehicle crash and its consequences in the lives of two families.
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Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
By analyzing pedestrian and bicyclist crash data, Metropolitan Orlando gained an understanding of safety needs and made countermeasure recommendations to correct them.
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Pedestrian Safety Student Handbook

Source: NHTSA, ASPIRA, CAL
This curriculum module presents key safety concepts through the story of a pedestrian-motor vehicle crash and its consequences in the lives of two families.
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Bicycle Safety Instructor's Guide

Source: NHTSA, ASPIRA, CAL
This curriculum series presents key safety concepts as it tells the stories of a motor vehicle crash caused by a teenage bicyclist, and the consequences of these crashes.
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Bicycle Safety Student Handbook

Source: NHTSA, ASPIRA, CAL
This curriculum series presents key safety concepts as it tells the stories of a motor vehicle crash caused by a teenage bicyclist, and the consequences of these crashes.
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Allen and Pike Streets Corridor Improvements

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Allen-Pike Streets corridor, suffering from high-speed and weaving traffic, underwent a transformation to improve safety.
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Bicycle Helmet Use Laws

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report presents the experiences of six jurisdictions in enacting and implementing bicycle helmet use laws.
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An Overview of Automated Enforcement Systems and Their Potential for Improving Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This paper explores the implications that automated enforcement systems, specifically red-light cameras and automated speed enforcement systems, can have on pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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A Distance-Based Method to Estimate Annual Pedestrian and Bicyclist Exposure in an Urban Environment

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents methods that can be used to measure the safety of places, including intersections, road segments, and parking lots, when considering the effect on pedestrians and bicyclists.
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Detecting Motorcyclists and Bicyclists at Intersections

Source: Public Roads Magazine
A new multisensor system differentiates vehicles on the road, which could save lives.
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Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Effects on Safety and Independence of Pedestrians Who Are Blind

Source: Transportation Research Board
Presents research on street crossings by [visually impaired] pedestrians, before and after the installation of accessible pedestrian signals (APS). This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Evaluation of Lane Reduction "Road Diet" Measures on Crashes

Source: Highway Safety Information System (HSIS)
The objective of this reanalysis was to estimate the change in total crashes resulting from the conversions in two databases and to combine these estimates into a crash modification factor(CMF).
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Pedestrians and Bicycles

Source: Transportation Research Board
This Transportation Research Record contains 24 papers on the subject of pedestrians and bicycles. It can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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Drivers Perception of Vulnerable Road Users - A Hazard Perception Approach

Source:
An assessment of hazard perception abilities of drivers to vulnerable road users.
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Behavior of Bicyclist in Following

Source: Transportation Research Board
A bicycle-following model presented in this paper represents the behavior of bicyclists as they follow each other in traffic stream without an opportunity or sufficient stimulus to overtake or pass a lead bicycle.
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The Influence of the Individual's Risk Perception and Attitudes on Travel Behavior

Source:
This study analyzes the effect of individuals' risk perception and beliefs, in addition to demographic and socio-economic characteristics, on their willingness to shift from car to public transportation and walking.
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Pedestrian Crash Types: A 1990's Informational Guide

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This informational guide provides detail on specific pedestrian-motor vehicle crash types (e.g. intersection dash) through two-page layouts that contain a sketch, description, and summary of the crash type,
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Causative Factors and Trends in Florida Pedestrian Crashes

Source: Transportation Research Board
This report discusses the results of a case study review of 353 fatal pedestrian crashes that occurred in Florida and the contributing factors to the crashes. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Increasing Powered Two-Wheels' (PTWs') Detectability by Using Phi-Phenomenon

Source:
The study evaluates the potential of a unique display of two helmet-mounted lights that blink in an alternating manner to create movement illusion to increase PTWs' conspicuity and visibility.
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Pedestrian Signalization Alternatives

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to determine the operational and safety effects of various pedestrian signalization alternatives. An analysis was conducted of pedestrian accidents, traffic and pedestrian volumes,
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Decision to Pass and Passing Maneuvers of Bicyclists

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper presents models to represent passing maneuvers of bicycles on both exclusive and on-street bicycle facilities. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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School Transportation Safety: An Observational Study of Drivers and Pupils on the School Bus

Source:
The objective of the study was to observe seatbelt usage, pupil and bus driver behavior and potential safety hazards on buses used for school transportation.
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A Method to Identify Changes in Pedestrian and Cyclist Collision Rates

Source:
In this study actual collision counts were used to create a longitudinal confidence region around the minimum collision rate of an intersection.
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Evaluation Method for Sidewalk Unevenness Based on Wheelchair Traveling Resistance

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper analyzes the longitudinal profile of sidewalks in service and torque data on traveling wheelchairs toward proposing a method for evaluating the surface unevenness of sidewalks based on the travel resistance imposed on wheelchairs.
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Optimism About Safety and Self-Serving Attributions of Responsibility for Safety Among Pedestrians and Cyclists in Relation to Road Use Under Low Light Conditions

Source:
This study analysed a subset of data collected as part of a larger research project on the visibility of pedestrians, cyclists and road workers, focusing on a set of questionnaire items.
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Evaluation of the Miami-Dade Pedestrian Safety Demonstration Project

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of a comprehensive pedestrian safety program in reducing pedestrian crashes in Miami-Dade County, Florida.
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Comparison of Blood Alcohol Levels with Breath Alcohol Levels Measured Using the Drager 711 MKIII Breathalyzer

Source:
The study objective was to assess the correlation between breath alcohol, as measured using the Drager 7110 MKIII breathalyzer, and blood alcohol concentrations (BAC).
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Strategies to Reduce Intersection Conflicts Between Automobiles and Bikes in China

Source:
This paper examines reasonable operational and geometric measures that could be taken to reduce the number of conflicts between cars and VRU's at intersections using microsimulation.
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Safe Streets for Seniors

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In New York City, adults aged 65 and older make up 12 percent of the city's population, but accounted for 39 percent of its pedestrian fatalities between 2002 and 2006.
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How Well Can Child Pedestrians Estimate Potential Traffic Hazards?

Source: Transportation Research Board
The objective of the paper was to assess the perception skills and visual cues of school children in two schools where at least 50 percent of the school children walk to and from school. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Factors Contributing to Pedestrian and Bicycle Crashes on Rural Highways

Source: Highway Safety Information System (HSIS)
The goals of this study were to examine the differences between pedestrian and bicycle crashes in urban and rural settings in North Carolina and to identify problem areas.
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Pedestrian Trip Making Characteristics and Exposure Measures

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The objectives of this projects were to identify specific pedestrian trip making characteristics, develop pedestrian exposure measures, and to examine these results relative to accident information in order to determine the relative hazardousness of various pedestrian characteristics and behaviors.
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Determination of Appropriate Railing Heights for Bicyclists

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program, American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
This study summarizes the bicycle railing height guidelines and specifications used by AASHTO, state departments of transportation (DOTs), international transportation agencies, and local governments.
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Index for Assessing Pedestrian Safety at Intersections

Source: Transportation Research Board
This study attempts to develop a safety index that will allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to prioritize intersection crosswalks with respect to pedestrian safety. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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2007 Traffic Safety Annual Assessment - Highlights

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The overall number of traffic fatalities in 2007 reached its lowest level since 1994. This reduction is the largest in terms of both number and percentage since 1992.
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Motorist Yielding to Pedestrians at Unsignalized Intersections

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper describes the evaluation of engineering treatments that can be used to improve the safety of pedestrians crossing in marked crosswalks on busy arterial streets. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Observational Analysis of Pedestrian, Bicyclist, and Motorist Behaviors at Roundabouts in the United States

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper focused on analyzing the interactions between motorists and pedestrians or bicyclists at roundabouts. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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Driver Attitudes and Behaviors at Intersections and Potential Effectiveness of Engineering Countermeasures

Source: Battelle Human Factors Transportation Center, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this focus group study was to identify driver attitudes and behaviors related to intersection safety and to assess the likely impacts of new or existing infrastructure-based technologies/
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Pedestrian Conspicuity at Night: How Much Biological Motion is Enough?

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper describes how inadequate conspicuity has been shown to be a key causal factor in nighttime vehicle-pedestrian collisions. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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How to Make More Cycling Good for Road Safety?

Source:
A structured survey of the available knowledge from research trying the give an answer to the question how to make more cycling good for safety.
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Universal Helmet Law: The Interaction Between Law, Enforcement, and Culture on Level of Use

Source:
While the discussion about the necessity of the helmet law in the political sphere is at its peak, it was deemed necessary to ascertain the public opinion on this issue.
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Bicycle Lanes Versus Wide Curb Lanes: Operational and Safety Findings and Countermeasure Recommendations

Source: Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents operational and safety findings and countermeasure recommendations from a comparative analysis of bicycle lanes versus wide curb lanes.
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Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center Library

Source: Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
This page contains links to all the publications and research material developed by the Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center.
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Evaluation of Shared-Use Facilities for Bicycles and Motor Vehicles

Source: Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and utility of shared-use facilities in order to provide engineers and planners comprehensive results that can be used in planning and designing roadways to be shared by motorists and bicyclists.
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BIKESAFE: Bicycle Countermeasure Selection System

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
BIKESAFE is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information, available for improving the safety and mobility of those who bicycle. It is an expert system that allows the user to select appropriate countermeasures or treatments to address specific problems.
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The Incidence and Economic Burden of Injuries in the United States

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This PowerPoint presentation provides information on the costs of injury in the United States, including that caused by motor vehicles.
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Centers for Disease Control Injury Fact Book

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This document looks at the nature and costs of injuries in the United States. Information on pedestrian injuries may be found on page 66 of the document, and information on road traffic safety starts on page 71.
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The Mature Driver: Safety and Mobility Issues

Source: Federal Highway Administration, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This project surveys both the literature and the practice to examine the variables that relate to aging drivers and safety. In addition, it analyzes accident and violation data in New Jersey from 1993-
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Pedestrian Crashes and Treatments From Around the World

Source: UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
Pedestrian crashes and related deaths and injuries continue to be a serious problem in industrialized and developing countries throughout the world.
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How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan offers guidance that can help municipalities determine and solve their pedestrian safety concerns, from identifying pedestrian safety problems to obtaining funding and enacting change.
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Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration website provides information on a wide variety of policy documents and national statistics.
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FHWA Bicycle and Pedestrian Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program website presents information on funding, legislation, and design standards. It also provides federal publications related to pedestrian and bicycle issues.
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Traffic Safety Facts: Pedestrians

Source: National Center for Statistics and Analysis at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This fact sheet provides data on pedestrian crashes separated into various categories including age group, time of day, and alcohol involvement in the accident.
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National Crash Analysis Center

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The FHWA/NHTSA National Crash Analysis Center (NCAC) website provides research results, modeling methods, and library databases concerning vehicle occupant safety.
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Understanding and Using Signalized Crossings in Australia: The Pedestrian's Perspective

Source:
The views of Australian pedestrians towards signalized pedestrian crossings are presented here.
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Bicycle Crash Types: A 1990's Informational Guide

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This informational guide provides detail on specific bicycle-motor vehicle crash types through two-page layouts that contain a sketch, description, and summary of the crash type, various graphs, and &
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FHWA Office of Highway Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists.
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Pedestrian Volume Modeling for Traffic Safety and Exposure Analysis

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper examines three types of pedestrian volume models in light of their usefulness for estimating pedestrian exposure for pedestrian safety research.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary objective of this study was to develop safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA)

Source: National Highway Transportation Safety Administration
The site provides information and materials concerning transportation safety.
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NHTSA Injury Prevention Page

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This site provides information on injury prevention, driver performance, and crashes.
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Community Action and Fundraising in Portland, Oregon

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community group in Portland partners with a local business, the city, and DOT to improve the pedestrian environment through specially designed umbrellas and multiple engineering measures.
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Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) National Transportation Library

Source: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This online research database offers the option to search all documents classified under pedestrian, bicycles, or both.
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Crash Data: Pedestrians

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
This 3-page document gives an overview of the characteristics of pedestrian crashes, in addition to data on when and where pedestrian deaths most often occur.
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Effects of Individualized Feedback on Car Drivers' Speed at Pedestrians Crossings

Source:
Investigation of the effects of a device which has been developed to mitigate risk of pedestrians during street crossing decreasing of car speeds and facilitating attention to vulnerable road users.
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Logistic Model for Rating Urban Bicycle Route Safety

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper describes the research used to develop an objective bicycle route safety rating model based on injury severity. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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Effects of a Towaway Reporting Threshold on Crash Analysis Results

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This paper attempts to quantify the expected effects on data analysis capabilities when different crash reporting thresholds are altered.
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Age-Related Differences in Street-Crossing Safety Before and After Older Pedestrians' Training

Source:
The objective of the study was to develop and assess a behavior-training program aimed at enhancing the safety of elderly pedestrians via simulator-based training in street crossing.
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Pedestrian Accidents with Left-Turning Traffic at Signalized Intersections

Source: University of Toronto, Federal Highway Administration
This literature review examines pedestrian accidents with left-turning traffic at signalized intersections, with an emphasis on human factors.
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Selecting Pedestrian Safety Improvements

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Crash Group/General Countermeasure Matrix identifies potential solutions for use by safety practitioners.
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American Traffic Safety Services Association

Source: The American Traffic Safety Services Association
ATSSA's core purpose is to advance roadway safety. The site offers services and information for traffic safety product companies, including training and certification.
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Police-Reporting of Pedestrians and Bicyclists Treated in Hospital Emergency Rooms

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
This paper reports on analysis of factors associated with the occurance of a match between the emergency room reported cases and state motor vehicle crash data.
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The Vulnerable Pedestrian: A Multi Dimensional Problem Based on the Israeli Experience

Source:
An analyses conducted comparing two groups in terms of their involvement in rural versus urban crashes, daytime versus nighttime crashes, time and behavior of the pedestrian prior to the crash.
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Development of Computational Models and Databases to Investigate Pedestrian Related Accidents

Source:
An observation study regarding the behavior of drivers and pedestrians when confronted with the time intervals of signals, on signalized crossroads.
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Injured Pedestrians in Sweden - Surface Condition

Source:
In Sweden earlier studies have shown that pedestrians are the road user group that are most injured when slippery road conditions.
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Bikeability Checklist

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
How bikeable is your community? The Bikeability Checklist can help you find the answer.
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Fear and Danger Appraisals of a Road Crossing Scenario: A Developmental Perspective

Source:
The study focuses on conceptual, rather than perceptual, examination of the visual timing elements of distance and speed, as integrated into appraisals of risks related to a traffic scenario.
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Data Collection and Analysis for Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This report describes how communities can collect data about bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and includes case studies from 27 communities. Future publications will include a recommended practices guide,
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Compliance of Ultra-Orthodox and Secular Pedestrians With Traffic Lights in Ultra-Orthodox and Secular Locations

Source:
The study examined the influence of in- and out-group road crossing norms focusing on behaviors of pedestrians in their own in-group environment and in an out-group environment.
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A Within-Subject Design of Comparison of Waiting Time of Pedestrians Before Crossing Three Successive Road Crossings

Source:
The study was aimed to compare the waiting time of pedestrians before crossing three successive road crossings.
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Walking - The Worries of Pedestrians

Source:
A project whose aim was to determine the factors which make walking a pleasant, safe, and attractive transport mode.
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Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format)
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Washington State Pedestrian Collision Data 1990 to 1995

Source: Washinton State Department of Transportation
This report identifies common vehicle pedestrian collision types and provides valuable information to planners, traffic engineers, safety education professionals, law enforcement, walking advocates,
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Which Helmet for Which Activity

Source: U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission
This brochure provides information on helmet use in different activities.
Read More >

 

Cycling in the Netherlands

Source: Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
Cycling accounts for 27% of all trips in the Netherlands; a comprehensive report (in English) on cycling in the Netherlands is now available.
Read More >

 

Special Report: Accessible Public Rights-of-Way Planning and Design for Alterations

Source: Public Rights-of-Way Access Advisory Committee
This technical assistance publication has been developed to provide guidance in the planning and design of pedestrian improvements constructed as part of an alteration project.
Read More >

 

Danish Road Directorate

Source: Danish Ministry of Transport and Energy
The mission of the Danish Road Directorate is to manage the national roads, which carry almost 30 % of the total transport volume in Denmark. The site contains crash statistics, training information,
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Evaluation of the Blue Bike Lane Treatment used in Bicycle-Motor Vehicle Conflicts Areas in Portland, Oregon

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Fiile not found. This paper presents a study conducted by the City of Portland, OR, to determine whether the use of colored markings and a novel signing system wouild help to improve safety at American bicycle/
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Common Bicycle Crashtypes & How to Avoid Them

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This short document provides a description and image of several common bicycle crash types, along with tips to avoid them.
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Institute of Transportation Engineers

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers
The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international educational and scientific association of transportation professionals who are responsible for meeting mobility and safety needs.
Read More >

 

The role of traffic violations in police-reported bicycle crashes in Queensland

Source: Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland, Queensland University of Technology
This study examines the role of traffic violations in the 6774 police-reported bicycle crashes in Queensland between January 2000 and December 2008.
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Making Crosswalks Safer for Pedestrians: Application of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Improve Pedestrian Safety at Crosswalks in St. Petersburg, Florida

Source: Center for Urban Transportation Research
Overview of the multidisciplinary program implemented in St. Petersburg, Florida to increase motorists yielding to pedestrians, reduce pedestrian-motor vehicle, and increase pedestrians' feelings of comfort and safety in crosswalks.
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Keeping Children Safe in Traffic

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development draws on best practices and research results to show how child casualties can be reduced. Free executive summary. $45 for full report.
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What to Do if You Are Hit by a Car

Source: Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Coalition
This document instructs bicyclists on what to do if they are hit by a vehicle. It includes a detachable 7-step checklist of actions to take immediately after a collision.
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Walking, Cycling, and Obesity Rates in Europe, North America, and Australia

Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health
This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation and obesity rates in different countries.
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Pedestrian Safety and Accessibility Audit Tools

Source: Queensland Government Department of Main Roads
Tool developed by the Queensland government to identify inadequate or unsafe pedestrian facilities.
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The Feasibility of Protecting Pedestrians Adjacent to Roadways

Source: Bureau of Operations Research, New Jersey Department of Transportation
This paper discusses the role of certain protective devices for separating pedestrians and vehicles along roadways.
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Walk the Walk

Source: Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives (T.A.) identifies dangerous intersections, streets and walking zones of particular use to seniors, and aims to transform them into places that are safe and enjoyable for seniors.
Read More >

 

Sacramento, CA: Pedestrian Safety Guidelines

Source: City of Sacramento
These guidelines focus on street crossing treatments at controlled and uncontrolled intersections, discussing tools such as pavement marking and signal options and giving attention to roadway design.
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How to Fit A Bicycle Helmet

Source: Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute
This brochure provides information on the proper way to fit a bicycle helmet. It provides a step by step process, as well as a quick summary of ways to check that it is on properly.
Read More >

 

Kirkland's Experience with In-Pavement Flashing Lights at Crosswalks

Source: City of Kirkland
This paper describes Kirkland's experience with flashing crosswalks, including how the system works and how it is installed, effectiveness, response from the public and application criteria.
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Characteristics of Pedestrian Risk in Darkness

Source: The University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute
This report examines the increased safety risk to pedestrians in darkness by analyzing the distribution of fatal crashes across the annual Daylight Saving Time (DST) transitions.
Read More >

 

In the Dark: Seeing Bikes at Night

Source: Access
This paper looks at the difficulty in seeing bicyclists at night and ways to improve visibility. It discusses clothing patterns, perceived speed, and ways to make bicycling at night safer.
Read More >

 

An Evaluation of Flashing Crosswalks in Gainesville and Lakeland

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
This report describes evaluations of flashing crosswalks in Gainesville and Lakeland
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The Effects of Pedestrian Countdown Signals in Lake Buena Vista

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of countdown signals at intersections in Lake Buena Vista, Florida.
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Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc. (PEDS)

Source: Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc. (PEDS)
PEDS is a member-based advocacy organization dedicated to making metro Atlanta safe and accessible for all pedestrians. The website includes volunteer opportunities, basic facts, news updates, and resources on the Atlanta-
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Is it Safe to Walk? Neighborhood Safety and Security Conditions and Their Effects on Walking

Source: Journal of Planning Literature
This article focuses on a particular environmental variable, the safety of neighborhood surroundings, and explores how it is influencing physical activity. This resource can be purchased through the Sage Journals Online,
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Downtown Streets

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper provides a comparison of one-way versus two-way street systems for downtowns and presents an evaluation methodology for considering two-way conversion.
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Prevent Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Preventing Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children Provides information to parents on pedestrian risks for preschool and elementary school children. Safe and Sober Campaign. Taken from the NHTSA website.
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Blind Pedestrians at Unfamiliar Signalized Intersections

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper presents the results of part of the first phase of a study of crossings by pedestrians who are blind at unfamiliar complex signalized intersections.
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Across the Arterial: Mid-block Shared-Use Path Crossings of Multilane Roadways in California

Source: Rails to Trails Conservancy
The focus of this report are these challenging at-grade crossings of multilane roadways at mid-block locations.
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Los Niños y Su Seguridad al Montar en Bicicleta (in Spanish)

Source: National Center for Biking & Walking
This Spanish-language flyer explains how to properly ride a bicycle.
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Streets in America Are Unsafe and Unforgiving For Kids

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Article by Pedestrian Safety Roadshow: Speeding cars, children darting into traffic, and streets without sidewalks place youth at risk on America's roads
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The Epidemic of Pediatric Traffic Injuries in South Florida

Source: American Journal of Public Health
The purpose of this study is to outline the distribution, determinants, and effects of pediatric pedestrian trauma (PPT) in our community.
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Focusing on the Child Pedestrian

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This one-page flyer reports the 1994 Child Pedestrian Injury and Fatality Rates, desribes common danger situations, and calls for education and traffic calming as preventative measures.
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Lessons from Katrina and Rita: What Major Disasters Can Teach Transportation Planners

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper examines failures in hurricane Katrina and Rita emergency response and their lessons for transportation planning in other communities.
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A Matched Case-Control Study Evaluating the Effectiveness of Speed Humps in Reducing Child Pedestrian Injuries

Source: American Journal of Public Health
A matched case-control study among Oakland residents younger than 15 years who had been hospitalized after being struck and injured by an automobile on a residential street.
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Little Steps, Bigger Ones to Protect Pedestrians

Source: Insurance Insitute for Highway Safety, Status Report
This report discusses the history of pedestrian-vehicle conflicts, describes typical crash types, and gives examples of different counter-measures to help improve the pedestrian environment.
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The impact of a media campaign in the reduction of risk-taking behavior on the part of drivers

Source: Accident, Analysis, & Prevention
As part of an ongoing media educational campaign to enhance pedestrian safety in the Victoria (Canada) metropolitan area, multimedia campaigns have been targeted at drivers.
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Low Income Childhood Pedestrian Injury: Understanding the Disparate Risk

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper proposes a model for understanding child pedestrian exposure and risk and its relationship to socioeconomic status.
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The Influence of Signs Prompting Motorists to Yield Before Marked Crosswalks on Motor Vehicle-Pedestrian Conflicts at Crosswalks with Flashing Amber

Source: Accident, Analysis, & Prevention
The effects of signs reading "STOP HERE FOR PEDESTRIANS" alone and in conjunction with advance stop lines on pedestrian safety at multilane crosswalks with pedestrian-activated amber flashing lights.
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Increasing the Percentage of Drivers Yielding to Pedestrians in Three Canadian Cities with a Multifaceted Safety Program

Source: Health Education Research
This experiment evaluated the efficacy of a multifaceted pedestrian safety program in three Canadian cities.
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Pedestrian Accidents in Marked and Unmarked Crosswalks

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers
The main goal of this study is to conduct an examination of a group of pedestrian accidents at unprotected crosswalks in LA and determine the validity of the current practices.
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Evaluation of Innovative Bicycle Facilities

Source: Portland State University
Two innovative bicycle facilities installed in 2009 in downtown Portland by the City of Portland Bureau of Transportation (PBOT) were evaluated to understand how they are functioning on multiple levels.
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Pedestrian Fatalities, Atlanta Metropolitan Statistical Area and United States, 2000-2004

Source: Journal of Safety Research
Data from 2000-2004 from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration was used to describe pedestrian fatalities in Atlanta and to compare Atlanta with the United States overall.
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Mean Streets: How Far Have We Come?

Source: Suface Transportation Policy Project
This report analyzes ten years of data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) maintained by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to determine which metropolitan areas and states have grown more dangerous for walkers,
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Pedestrian-Vehicular Crashes: The Influence of Personal and Environmental Factors

Source: University of Maryland
This thesis examines the relationship between land use and pedestrian-vehicle crashes. Analysis focuses on how the pedestrian crashes vary by personal characteristics and physical characteristics of the crash area.
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CRC Index: Compatibility of Roads for Cyclists in Rural and Urban Fringe Areas

Source: Transportation Research Board 2003 Annual Meeting
This research aims to build a safety and compatibility index for rural and urban fringe areas, using a combination of parameters (ex. speed, traffic, and layout).
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Transportation Alternatives Citizens Group (New York City Area)

Source: Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives' mission is to reclaim New York City's streets from the automobile, and to advocate for bicycling, walking and public transit as the best transportation alternatives.
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ADA Transition Plans

Source: The National Academies, National Academy of Sciences, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The purpose of this document is to ensure that ideas, information, and practices concerning the development and updating of Transition Plans are recognized, recorded, and shared among Departments of Transportation.
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Blaming Children for Child Pedestrian Injuries

Source: Federal Highway Administration, Elsevier Science Ltd.
In this paper a case study of a child pedestrian death is presented in order to examine the apportionment of responsibility for child pedestrian injuries.
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Bicycling and Walking in North Carolina, A Long Range Transportation Plan

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation
The North Carolina pedestrian plan builds upon the state's long-range transportation plan, elaborating on the goals, focus areas, and programming specific to walking.
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Oakland Chinatown Pedestrian Scramble: An Evaluation

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This project evaluates whether the installation of a pedestrian scramble at a particular location in Oakland, California, increased pedestrian safety.
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Bicycle Safety Activity Page

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
A bicycle safety activity for children in the midelementary school age years.
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Older Pedestrian Fatalities in New Jersey, 1999-2000

Source: Center for Health Statistics at The New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services
This study examines whether there are demographic or geographical characteristics that contribute to the risks of people aged 65 years and older, those in the age group with the highest pedestrian mortality rates.
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Bicycle Helmets Save Medical Costs for Children

Source: Children's Safety Network
Report provides statistics on the cost of bicycle-related injuries, especially for children, and the benefits of helmet use on injury prevention.
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Cycling Skills Clinic

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This guide is written for those interested in planning a bicycle safety skills event for children either at school or at other community venues.
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Get To School (and back again) Safely Gameboard

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This activity can be downloaded and played in small groups within the classroom to complement educational efforts to address safety regarding walking, bicycling and Safe Routes to School.
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Consumer Reports Publishes a Helmet Article

Source:
Consumer Reports has a Web page on youth and toddler helmets dated June, 2009. The page rates 12 youth models and three toddler helmets.
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New York City Department of Transportation: Bicyclists

Source: New York City Department of Transportation
These pages provide safety tips for bicyclists, bicycle maps and information on how to apply for bike racks.
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Oakland, CA: Pedestrian Master Plan

Source: City of Oakland
The plan is a fine example of how to examine census information and pedestrian collision data, showing graphs on speed, location, time of day, age, etc.
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Orlando Area Bicyclist Crash Study

Source: Metroplan Orlando
This report documents a study of 885 crashes between bicyclists and motorists in three counties in Florida, and identifies countermeasures.
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Give Elderly Pedestrians More Time To Cross Intersections

Source: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
The objective of this research was to determine the difficulties encountered at five intersections in Miami Beach by older pedestrians, and to generate recommendations that address these difficulties.
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A Bicycle Helmet for My Child

Source: Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute
This flyer provides information regarding helmets for children.
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Traffic Education of Children 4-12 Years Old

Source: SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research
The report contains an assessment of existing traffic education programs for children ages 4-12.
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Collisions involving pedal cyclists on Britain's roads: Establishing the causes

Source: Transportation Research Laboratory Reports
The UK Department for Transport commissioned research to assess the causes of collisions involving cyclists. This report investigates the key causal factors relating to accidents involving cyclists.
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A Review of ITS-Based Pedestrian Injury Countermeasures

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This report reviews previous scientific evaluation of red light enforcement cameras, illuminated walk signal push buttons, automated pedestrian detection systems for traffic signals, flashing crosswalk lights,
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Effect of 20 mph traffic speed zones on road injuries in London, 1986-2006: controlled interrupted time series analysis

Source:
Study conducted to quantify the effect of the introduction of 20 mph (32 km an hour) traffic speed zones on road collisions, injuries, and fatalities in London.
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Pedestrian Safety Talking Points

Source: NHTSA
This list of pedestrian safety talking points is a useful tool for making presentations to community groups and organizations. It explains the effects of motor vehicle crashes on pedestrian safety and provides statistics regarding pedestrian safety.
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Cycle Safety: Reducing the Crash Risk

Source: New Zealand Transport Agency
The crash benefits to cyclists of reducing traffic volumes and speeds, and constructing cycle lanes and intersection treatments have been investigated and quantified based on overseas research and data.
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Fatality Facts 2008: Bicycles

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS)
Facts on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS).
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Lista de Condiciones para Caminar (Spanish Walkability Checklist)

Source: California Walk to School Day
This is a Spanish-language version of a Walkability Checklist, designed for parents and children to assess their route to school.
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An Intensive Pedestrian Safety Engineering Study Using Computerized Crash Analysis

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper describes the technical procedures and the pedestrian countermeasure plan that resulted from an intensive study designed to analyze pedestrian injuries by zones (i.e., neighborhoods or districts)
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Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals

Source: Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking.
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Safety in Numbers: More Walkers and Bicyclists, Safer Walking and Bicycling

Source: Injury Prevention
This paper examines the relationship between the numbers of people walking or bicycling and the frequency of collisions between motorists and walkers or bicyclists.
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Toward Universal Access: Americans with Disabilities Act Sidewalk and Curb Ramp Self-Evaluation Report for the City of Bellevue

Source: City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This report pinpoints pedestrian facilities requiring additional assessment and potential modification to ensure that the City's public rights-of-way meet ADA standards.
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Bicycle Driving Safety Tips

Source: Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Coalition
This brochure provides tips and illustrations for safe bicycle driving.
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Bicycle Media Outreach Kit

Source: California Department of Health Services
This outreach kit provides information on creating a media campaign for promoting helmet use by bicyclists.
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Bicycle Safety Rodeo Manual

Source: Kiwanis Pediatric Trauma Institute
This document describes bicycle rodeos which the Kiwanis Pediatric Trauma Institute believes are a proven way to teach safety skills to children in a fun setting.
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An Analysis of North Carolina Guidelines and Criteria for Establishing School Walk Zones

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation, North Carolina State University, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
The North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) initiated a project to research the potential for development of standardized school walk zone policies for the state. This report contains the results and recommendations of the study.
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Bicycle Safety: What Every Parent Should Know

Source: Active Living Resource Center
This document dispells myths of bicycling, outlines common types of bicycle/motor vehicles crashes, and offers safety information for parents when instructing children on bike riding.
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Bicycling Smart Safety Tips

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation, Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation
This interactive website provides safety tips for bicyclists. Topics covered include: using a bicycle as a vehicle, basic traffic riding techniques, bike handling skills, helmet use, dealing with hills,
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Bicycling Smart Safety Tips (Poster)

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation, Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation
This poster provides safety tips for all bicycle riders. Topics covered include: using a bicycle as a vehicle, basic traffic riding techniques, bike handling skills, helmet use, dealing with hills, and information on pertinent laws in North Carolina.
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Status Report: Roundabouts

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
This status report reviews studies concerning motorist and pedestrian safety in roundabouts.
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An Overview of the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program (FTBSEP)

Source:
The primary goal of the FTBSEP is to reduce injuries and fatalities by teaching children knowledge and skills needed to be predictable and competent pedestrians and bicyclists throughout their lives.
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Bicyclist Share the Road

Source: Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Coalition
This radio public service announcement encourages bicyclists to practice safe and considerate behavior when using the road.
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Investigating Risk Compensation Theory in Cyclists: Results From Intelligent Video Analysis System

Source:
The aim of the present study is to assess risk behaviours in urban cyclists by helmet-use status, using an innovative on-site observation technology.
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Bicyclists and Pedestrians Have a Legal Right to the Road

Source: Vermont Pedestrian and Bicycle Coalition
This document explains the appropriate behavior for pedestrians, bicyclists, and motorists in order to safely share the road.
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Evaluation of Bike Boxes at Signalized Intersections in Portland, Oregon, USA

Source:
This paper presents the results of a study of the effectiveness of the installed experimental traffic control devices and responses of users impacted by the installation of the bicycle boxes.
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Socio-spatial Characteristics of Cyclists Involved in Accidents

Source:
In this project, we undertook a special research on cyclist safety, with a specific look at socio-spatial characteristics of the cyclists involved in the accidents.
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Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Travel

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report summarizes the results of the work performed under the project Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Traffic.
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California Bicycle Helmet Campaign

Source: State of California
The California Bicycle Helmet Campaign is designed to educate families and promote bicycle helmet use. This document contains a 13 step guide to conducting a safe bicycle helmet campaign.
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California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking

Source: California Department of Transportation
The California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking provides ambitious goals of a 50 percent increase in bicycling and walking trips by 2010, a 50 percent decrease in bicycle and pedestrian fatality rates by 2010,
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The Effects of Roundabouts on Pedestrian Safety

Source: The Southeastern Transportation Center
This paper examines pedestrian safety at roundabouts in the United States using a literature review along with case study analysis, statistical analysis, and simulation analysis to compare pedestrian safety at a conventional signalized intersection to a case study modern roundabout.
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Camina con Inteligencia, Virginia

Source: Virginia Department of Health
This brochure promotes pedestrian safety in Spanish.
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Can Pedestrian-friendly Planning Encourage Us to Walk?

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This online article discusses the effect of pedestrian-friendly design on the number of pedestrians in a community and summarizes recent research related to healthm, urban design, and pedestrian safety.
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Bicyclists' Braking Profile on Several Types of Urban Pavements

Source:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the necessary brake length and time until the bicycle is stopped, considering factors like road pavement type and bicycle speed.
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The Influence of Vertical Illuminance on Pedestrian Visibility in Crosswalk

Source: 18th Biennial Transportation Research Board Visibility Symposium
This project investigates the required lighting levels for crosswalk illumination.
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Adult Recreational Bicyclists: Characteristics, Use of Safety Equipment, and Injury

Source:
The aim of this study was to characterize bicycle riders, bicycle-related injuries and utilization of protective equipment among adults in Israel in order to identify higher risk groups.
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Bicycle Injuries: A Matter of Mechanism and Age

Source:
The goal of this study was to characterize cyclist-related injuries according to motor vehicle involvement for adults versus children.
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The Relative Risks of School Travel

Source: Transportation Research Board
This report provides estimates of the relative risk among school travel modes using available information collected at the national level.
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The Perception of Pedestrians From the Perspective of Elderly and Experienced Drivers

Source:
This study examined hazard perception abilities among elderly and experienced drivers, particularly with regard to the presence of pedestrians in the urban road environment.
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Infrastructure Solutions to Improve Pedestrian Safety

Source:
A comprehensive study aimed at conducting a detailed analysis of pedestrian accidents, a diagnosis of infrastructure problems, and assembling a collection of solutions.
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The Role of Cognitive, Perceptual, and Motor Abilities in Elderly Pedestrians' Street-Crossing Decisions

Source:
The objective of the present study was to better understand the underlying age-related changes that lead to these behaviours, with a special focus on perceptual abilities.
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Crosswalks at Roundabouts - Effects of Pedestrian Guard Rails on Utilization

Source:
The goal of this research is to examine the effects of guard rails at roundabouts and the conflicts that may arise.
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Creating Safe Built Environments for Children

Source: America Walks
This paper focuses on creating safe built environments for children.
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Crossing Rules for Pedestrians

Source: San Francisco Department of Public Health
This one-page pamphlet provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road.
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Emerging Technology for Roads, Crosswalks, and Pedestrian Safety Zones

Source: Transpo Industries, Inc.
This paper will discuss three innovative products that are specifically designed with pedestrians and motorcycle riders safety in mind.
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Crossing Rules for Pedestrians (Chinese)

Source: San Francisco Department of Public Health
This one-page Chinese-language pamphlet provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road.
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Advanced Yield Markings and Drivers' Performance in Response to Multiple-Threat Scenarios at Mid-Block Crosswalks

Source:
This study compares on a simulator drivers' performance (eye fixations and yielding behaviors) at marked, midblock crosswalks in multi-threat scenarios.
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Crossing Rules for Pedestrians (Russian)

Source: San Francisco Department of Public Health
This one-page Russian-language pamphlet provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road.
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National Observational Survey of Pedestrian Behaviour at Crosswalks

Source:
A national observational survey of pedestrian behaviour was initiated in Israel aiming at characterization of pedestrian behaviour at crossings and providing a basis for long-term monitoring.
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Crossing Rules for Pedestrians (Spanish)

Source: San Francisco Department of Public Health
This Spanish-language document provides rules to guide pedestrians when crossing the road.
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Pedestrian Accidents in France: A Descriptive Analysis Based on Fatal Police Reports

Source:
In order to have a better knowledge on pedestrian accidents in France, a study was set up based on fatal pedestrian accidents.
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Automated Pedestrian Detection: Assessing Device Effectiveness and Potential Barriers to Acceptance in North America

Source:
This paper presents the findings of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Technical Committee on Automated Pedestrian Detection (APD).
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Implementing a "Safe Routes to School" Plan in Kalamaria, Greece

Source:
This paper will report the results of a pilot project attempting to address the problem of decreasing walking to school.
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Study on Safe Way to School in Italy

Source:
The way to school is the first and most important approach for children with the use of urban space.
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Risk Factors in Road Crossing Among Elderly Pedestrians and Readiness to Adopt Secure Behavior

Source:
This study intends to broaden the understanding of factors involved in risk taking procedure of older pedestrians, and to identify factors related to elderly person's willingness to adopt preventive behavior.
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Reassessing the Relative Dangers of Walking and Motoring

Source: Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida
This paper proposes a new approach to risk measurement to reassess the relative injury risk from motor vehicles between walking and motoring.
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Demographical Changes of European Society and its Impact on Walking and Accessibility of Elderly

Source: Transport Research Centre Brno
Many older people make their journeys by walking however, pedestrian casualty rates are much higher among people over 60 compared with younger adults.
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Role of Environmental Attributes in Explaining Pedestrian-Vehicular Crashes near Public Schools

Source: Transportation Research Board
This study analyzes pedestrian-vehicular crashes to determine any relationships that may exist between crashes near public schools and the physical and social attributes of these schools. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Walkability in the Czech Urban Areas and Position of Pedestrians

Source: Transport Research Centre Brno
This study maps legal bases for searching optimum outputs within the limits of Czech legal order and mitigates a special legal regime of walking away from roads.
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Countdown Signals for Pedestrians in Germany

Source:
A before-and-after-study was carried out covering traffic volume of cars and pedestrians, delay and acceptance of the signals after the installation of a countedown signal.
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Consejos y Pasos Para el Uso Debido del Casco para Montar Bicicleta (in Spanish)

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This two-page Spanish-language flyer demonstrates how to properly fit a bicycle helmet.
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Gender Differences in Pedestrian Rule Compliance and Visual Search

Source:
The objective of this study is to explore effect of gender difference in pedestrian rule compliance on walking and crossing behaviour.
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The Pedestrian as the Center of Planning: No Evaluation Without Data

Source:
The aim of this project stands on modeling the notion of anticipation of drivers' behaviors by pedestrians, and then to suggest an algorithm for the crossroads crossing by pedestrians.
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A Study of Fatal Pedestrian Crashes in Florida

Source: Center for Urban Transportation Research (CUTR), University of South Florida (USF), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document reports on an analysis of fatal crashes involving pedestrians in Florida during five-year period, identified from the DHSMV computerized Statewide Traffic Accident Management Information System (
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High Resolution Modeling of Vehicle-Pedestrian Interactions for Estimating Pedestrian Risk at the Black Spots

Source:
The paper presents the SAFEPED - microscopic 3D simulation of the Black Spot dynamics.
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Risk Factors For Bicycle-Motor Vehicle Collisions at Intersections

Source: Journal of Safety Research
This paper reports a study of bicycle -motor vehicle collisions in the city of Palo Alto, California. This resource can be purchased through IngentaConnect at the link below.
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Characterizing Illegal Mid-Block Pedestrian Crossings in China

Source:
This study tracked 450 pedestrians via video cameras on two geometrically different roadways in Kunming, China to determine their crossing behaviors.
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Pedestrian Road Safety in the Israeli Arab Minority and the General Population of Jordan

Source:
The objectives of the study are to understand the causes of pedestrian involvement in traffic accidents and to examine the role of social and transportation policies in pedestrian safety improvement.
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Mapping Patterns of Pedestrian Fatal Accidents in Israel

Source:
This study intends to provide a broad picture of pedestrian traffic accidents in Israel by uncovering their patterns and underlying their recurrent characteristics.
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Pedestrian Safety Implementation Plan for Reducing Pedestrian/Vehicle Collisions

Source: Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
This slideshow presents characteristics of pedestrians crashed in Washington State and provides recommended policy, education, and funding strategies.
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Safety of Vulnerable Road Users

Source: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, France
This report presents a review of the current safety situation of vulnerable road users in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries.
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Step to Safety with ASIMO: Children's Pedestrian Safety Video

Source: National Safety Council, PBIC, & Honda
The National Safety Council and the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center are pleased to join Honda in offering a free copy of this DVD geared to students ages five to nine. During the 14-minute program,
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Pedestrian Injury

Source: SafeKids USA
Pedestrian injury remains the second leading cause of unintentional injury-related death among children ages 5 to 14. SafeKids.
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Killed by Automobile: Death in the Streets of New York City, 1994-1997

Source:
This report analyzes data of pedestrian and bicycle fatalaties in New York City between 1994 and 1997, analyzing who is dying and who, and what, is causing the killing.
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Making Roads Safe for Pedestrians or Keeping them Out of the Way?

Source: Transportation Research Board
This historical look at pedestrian policies in Britain explores the development of footpaths, pedestrian crossings and road safety with the aim of providing an understanding of how this development can provide perspectives on current pedestrian policies.
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City of Boulder, CO Transportation Planning

Source: City of Boulder
The site of the the Transportation Planning Department for the City of Boulder provides information to residents on the City plans and projects, as well as several incident reporting forms.
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Montgomery County, MD Pedestrian Safety

Source: Montgomery County
The Montgomery County Pedestrian Safety site details the extensive education campaigns that have been conducted over the past years. Other resources include a safety quiz and tips, local news and events,
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Wisconsin Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Information

Source: Wisconsin Department of Transportation
This site provides the state bicycle and pedestrian plans, in addition to safety and crash information for citizens and instructors.
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Northwestern University Traffic Institute

Source: Northwestern University
The Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and Traffic Institute provides information on available courses, training sessions, and conferences.
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Cheap or Expensive Bicycle Helmets

Source: Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute
When you pay more for a helmet you may get an easier fit and snazzier graphics. But the basic impact protection of cheap helmets we tested equaled the expensive ones.
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Real Intersection Design

Source: Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University, New Jersey Department of Transportation Office of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs
This report documents a workshop created to deal with poor intersection design in Ocean City.
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School Helmet Policies Presentation

Source: California Department of Health Services
This PowerPoint presentation provides information on fostering student success by preventing brain injury through the promotion of bicycle helmet use.
Read More >

 

Still At Risk: Pedestrian Safety in New Jersey

Source: Tri-State Transportation Campaign
This report provides various recommendations for improving the pedestrian environment from lessons learned in New Jersey.
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