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Bicycle-Friendly Cities – The Relevance of Urban Form and Infrastructure

Source: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
This report analyzes the extent to which urban form and the design of the transport system can explain the level of cycling.
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Pedestrians’ Valuations of Footpaths

Source: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
This report considers how cost-benefit analyses can explain the extent to which different improvements in the walking environment can affect people's decisions to walk on certain routes.
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At the Frontiers of Cycling

Source: World Transport Policy & Practice
The focus in each case study is on the wide range of integrated, mutually supporting policies and programs that are used to promote cycling.
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Identifying Risk Factors for Cyclists in the Australian Capital Territory

Source: Monash University Accident Research Centre
This report examines the behavior of cyclists and their interactions with drivers in order to identify strategies for improving cyclist safety.
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Making Walking and Cycling Safer

Source: Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3
This document outlines programs in Germany and the Netherlands that have improved mobility through non-motorized modes of transportation.
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Low Cost Interventions to Encourage Cycling

Source: Austroads
This report contains 15 case studies showcasing low cost interventions that have successfully encouraged cycling in Australia and New Zealand.
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Cycling Infrastructure

Source: Austroads
This report contains 29 case studies showcasing innovative Australian and New Zealand urban and regional bicycle infrastructure.
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International Scan Summary Report on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This report presents the findings of a team of transportation officials who visited five countries in Europe to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility.
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Cycling Towards a More Sustainable Transport Future

Source: Transport Reviews
This article examines the boom in cycling research and publications that has accompanied the rapid growth in cycling infrastructure and cycling levels in Western Europe and the Americas.
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Sense and Nonsense About Shared Space

Source:
This paper examines the traffic safety improvements and potential conflicts associated with shared space implementation in Germany and the Netherlands.
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Cyclists

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This paper introduces cyclists as a vulnerable road user, and outlines specific vulnerabilities and ways to accommodate their needs.
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Better Streets, Better Cities

Source: Institute for Transportation & Development Policy (ITDP), Environmental Planning Collaborative (EPC)
This manual is intended for planners, designers, engineers, government officials and citizens who are interested in improving the quality of urban environments and the character of streets in our cities.
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New Zealand Pedestrian Profile

Source: National Pedestrian Project of New Zealand
This Profile aims to make visible the extent and importance of pedestrian activity and injury in New Zealand.
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Injured Cyclist Profile: An In-Depth Study of a Sample of Cyclists Injured in Road Crashes in South Australia

Source: Centre for Automotive Safety Research
This project explores the circumstances surrounding crash involvement for a group of bicycle riders involved in a collision with a motorised vehicle between January 1 2008 and December 31 2010.
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New Zealand Pedestrian Crossing Facility Calculation Tool

Source: Land Transport New Zealand
This tool can be used to calculate delay, safety, and benefit cost for potential pedestrian facilities in New Zealand.
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New Zealand Non-Motorised User Review Procedures

Source: Land Transport New Zealand
This process ensures that the needs of people who wish to walk, cycle or, where relevant, ride a horse, are considered when works are being planned and designed.
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New Zealand Community Street Reviews

Source: New Zealand Land Transport
This survey combines an audit process with rating scales that indicate the level of service perceived by the users and the relative importance of fixing the defects identified.
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Bike to Work Week: A Case Study in Successful Behavior Change

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Coordinators attempted to increase participation in Bike to Work Week by narrowing the event's focus and discarding or changing components that didn't attract new cyclists.
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Guide Information for Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Austroads
This report identifies areas where additional advice and guidance on pedestrian facilities can be incorporated into the Austroads Guides.
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Pedestrians and Cyclists on Major Roads

Source: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
This report reviews possible pedestrian and bicycle solutions along roads with speeds between 70 and 90 kilometers per hour.
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Research, Development, and Implementation of Pedestrian Safety Facilities in the United Kingdom

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom, provided with a comprehensive list of references.
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Canadian Research on Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report oulines and describes the six primary areas of Canadian pedestrian safety research.
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Dutch Pedestrian Safety Research Review

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
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Pedestrian Safety in Australia

Source: Federal Highway Adminstration (FHWA)
This report explores pedestrian safety in Australia, and focuses on Local Area Traffic Management and other innovative traffic calming measures.
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Difficulties of Older Cyclists and Their Compensation

Source:
Thirty cyclists were interviewed and were asked for their cycling habits and how they deal with different situations in traffic.
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Pedestrian Safety

Source: Global Road Safety Partnership
This report discusses the magnitude of pedestrian deaths and injuries, key risk factors, and how to assess an area's pedestrian safety situation.
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New Zealand Pedestrian Planning and Design Guide

Source: New Zealand Transport Agency
This guide outlines a process for deciding on the type of provision that should be made for pedestrians and provides design advice and standards.
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Bicycling and Walking in the Nineties and Beyond

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary output of this Scandinavian activity is the expertise gained in new techologies, practices, and policies, and the examination of their suitability for application in the US.
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FHWA Study Tour for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in England, Germany, and The Netherlands

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report documents the findings of a US team that visited England, the Netherlands, and Germany, to learn about policies for improving pedestrian and bicyclist safety.
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Cycling for Everyone

Source: Transportation Research Record
This paper investigates how bicycling can be promoted as a safe and feasible means of transport for everyone and for all trip purposes.
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Bicycling Boom in Germany

Source: Transportation Quarterly
This article examines the dramatic boom in bicycling in Germany from the mid 1970s to the mid 1990s.
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Public Lighting for Safe and Attractive Pedestrian Areas

Source: NZ Transport Agency
This report adds to the understanding of public lighting for safe and attractive pedestrian areas
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International Synthesis Report: United Kingdom

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom. A comprehensive list of references is provided. The report covers many types of pedestrian facilities, the UK pedestrian safety record,
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Sight Line - Designing Streets for People with Low Vision

Source: Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment
A pioneering study that shows how better street design can transform life for people with low vision, helping them to become more confident and more mobile.
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International Synthesis Report: Canada

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Canadian research on pedestrian safety.
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International Synthesis Report: Sweden

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries.
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International Synthesis Report: Netherlands

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
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International Synthesis Report: Australia

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Australian research and activities regarding pedestrian safety.
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Check it out! Cargo Bike Library Takes Off in Sydney, Australia

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Program providing rental cargo bicycles and trailers to Sydney residents at a low cost.
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The Role of Public Policies in Promoting the Safety, Convenience, and Popularity of Cycling

Source: World Transport Policy and Practice
This article is a response to the critique by Heath Maddox that was published in the special issue on bicycling of WTPP (Volume 7, Number 3).
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The Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016

Source: Australian Bicycle Council
The NCS 2011-16 sets out a framework of six key priorities: cycling promotion, infrastructure and facilities, integrated planning, safety, monitoring and evaluation, and guidance and best practice
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Cross the Street As If Your Life Depends On It

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Injury Prevention Coalition uses dramatic poster and movie theatre advertisement to inform and educate the public about pedestrian safety in Greater Toronto.
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Synthesis of Active Traffic Management Experiences in Europe and the United States

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides a compilation of lessons learned, experiences, operational results, and benefits associated with active traffic management applications.
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Look Out For Each Other, Share the Responsibility

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Television, radio, billboards, and other publicizing methods are used in Edmonton, along with targeted enforcement, to reduce pedestrian collisions and fatalities.
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Walking and Cycling International Literature Review

Source: Victoria Department of Transport
This report presents the findings from a literature review aiming to help professionals understand barriers to walking and cycling as well as infrastructure and policy supports for nonmotorized transportation.
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Pedestrian Crash Trends and Potential Countermeasures from Around the World

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
As automobile transportation continues to increase around the world, bicyclists, pedestrians, and motorcyclists, also known as Vulnerable Road Users (VRU), will become more susceptible to traffic crashes.
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False Creek Pedestrian and Cyclist Crossings Study

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver conducts a nonmotorist study of three bridge corridors into its downtown to help adequately plan for growing facility demand for walking and bicycling.
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Case Study No. 16: A Study of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in European Countries

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Most European nations have embarked on programs to reduce congestion, lower traffic accidents and improve the safety of cyclists and pedestrians. This paper concentrates on the ways bicycle and pedestrian facilities have been improved and cyclists and pedestrians benefited by these practices of &
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New Directions in Speed Management: A Review of Policy

Source: Department for Transportation
This review was formed to develop a speed policy that takes account of the contribution of reduced speeds to environmental and social objectives as well as road safety.
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Case Study No. 17: Bicycle and Pedestrian Policies and Programs in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report examines biycle and pedestrian programs and policies in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, with particular attention to lessons that may be useful to U.S. transportation professionals and policymakers.
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Case Study No. 18: Analyses of Successful Provincial, State, and Local Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in Canada and the United States

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report reviews various potential indicators of success demonstrated by different programs to determine how very different bicycle and pedestrian programs can be compared and used as an example or model for other communities.
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Case Study No. 19: Traffic Calming, Auto-Restricted Zones and Other Traffic Management Techniques - Their Effects on Bicycling and Pedestrians

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The body of this report can be divided into three parts. The first two major sections examine the history and traffic-calming techniques installed in Europe, Japan, and the United States. The final section of the report examines the practical and policy implication of traffic calming.
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City of Richmond Pedestrian Strategy

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
British Columbia city improves pedestrian safety through a five-point comprehensive pedestrian strategy that includes new crosswalk lighting and signage, accessible transit, education materials, and strategic partnerships.
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Sunday Parkways Programs

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Bogota, Colombia gets people moving by shutting streets down to automobile traffic.
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ViaRecreActiva Metropolitana

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
To connect two diverse neighborhoods in Guadalajara, Mexico, officials closed streets to automobile traffic and opened them for bicycling, walking, and community building.
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Geometric Design Practices for European Roads

Source: International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents examples of European design practice and operations.
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Innovative Traffic Control: Technology and Practice in Europe

Source: International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents the state of the art of emerging technologies for traffic control devices.
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Promoting Safe Walking and Cycling to Improve Public Health: Lessons from The Netherlands and Germany

Source: American Journal of Public Health, Vol 93.9
This report examines the public health consequences of unsafe and inconvenient walking and bicycling conditions in American cities and suggest improvements based on successful policies in The Netherlands and Germany.
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Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany

Source:
With the combination of aggregate data and case studies this paper shows how the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany have made bicycling safe anc convenient in their small and large cities.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility in Europe

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of the 2009 international scanning study was to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility.
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Bicycle Access to Public Transportation: Learning from Abroad

Source: Institute for Transportation Engineers Journal
This paper studies bicycling in Europe and concludes American communities need to consider new more cost-effective strategies to expand transit use and reduce automobile dependence. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Creating Active Rural Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through a combination of partnerships, planning, and advocacy, municipalities were able to develop and promote active living practices in rural Haliburton County.
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Drivers Perception of Vulnerable Road Users - A Hazard Perception Approach

Source:
An assessment of hazard perception abilities of drivers to vulnerable road users.
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The Influence of the Individual's Risk Perception and Attitudes on Travel Behavior

Source:
This study analyzes the effect of individuals' risk perception and beliefs, in addition to demographic and socio-economic characteristics, on their willingness to shift from car to public transportation and walking.
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Increasing Powered Two-Wheels' (PTWs') Detectability by Using Phi-Phenomenon

Source:
The study evaluates the potential of a unique display of two helmet-mounted lights that blink in an alternating manner to create movement illusion to increase PTWs' conspicuity and visibility.
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School Transportation Safety: An Observational Study of Drivers and Pupils on the School Bus

Source:
The objective of the study was to observe seatbelt usage, pupil and bus driver behavior and potential safety hazards on buses used for school transportation.
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Optimism About Safety and Self-Serving Attributions of Responsibility for Safety Among Pedestrians and Cyclists in Relation to Road Use Under Low Light Conditions

Source:
This study analysed a subset of data collected as part of a larger research project on the visibility of pedestrians, cyclists and road workers, focusing on a set of questionnaire items.
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Comparison of Blood Alcohol Levels with Breath Alcohol Levels Measured Using the Drager 711 MKIII Breathalyzer

Source:
The study objective was to assess the correlation between breath alcohol, as measured using the Drager 7110 MKIII breathalyzer, and blood alcohol concentrations (BAC).
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Strategies to Reduce Intersection Conflicts Between Automobiles and Bikes in China

Source:
This paper examines reasonable operational and geometric measures that could be taken to reduce the number of conflicts between cars and VRU's at intersections using microsimulation.
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How to Make More Cycling Good for Road Safety?

Source:
A structured survey of the available knowledge from research trying the give an answer to the question how to make more cycling good for safety.
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Universal Helmet Law: The Interaction Between Law, Enforcement, and Culture on Level of Use

Source:
While the discussion about the necessity of the helmet law in the political sphere is at its peak, it was deemed necessary to ascertain the public opinion on this issue.
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The Profile of Bicycle User in the City of Juiz de Fora, Brazil

Source:
This research aims to identify the bicycle user profile, knowing their socioeconomic characteristics and use of bicycles as transportation in order to use these data as a tool.
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Public Policies for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
A policy review for bicycling and walking safety and mobility from an International Scan conducted in May of 2009 in Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK.
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Pedestrian Crashes and Treatments From Around the World

Source: UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
Pedestrian crashes and related deaths and injuries continue to be a serious problem in industrialized and developing countries throughout the world.
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Understanding and Using Signalized Crossings in Australia: The Pedestrian's Perspective

Source:
The views of Australian pedestrians towards signalized pedestrian crossings are presented here.
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Effects of Individualized Feedback on Car Drivers' Speed at Pedestrians Crossings

Source:
Investigation of the effects of a device which has been developed to mitigate risk of pedestrians during street crossing decreasing of car speeds and facilitating attention to vulnerable road users.
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Age-Related Differences in Street-Crossing Safety Before and After Older Pedestrians' Training

Source:
The objective of the study was to develop and assess a behavior-training program aimed at enhancing the safety of elderly pedestrians via simulator-based training in street crossing.
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The Vulnerable Pedestrian: A Multi Dimensional Problem Based on the Israeli Experience

Source:
An analyses conducted comparing two groups in terms of their involvement in rural versus urban crashes, daytime versus nighttime crashes, time and behavior of the pedestrian prior to the crash.
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Development of Computational Models and Databases to Investigate Pedestrian Related Accidents

Source:
An observation study regarding the behavior of drivers and pedestrians when confronted with the time intervals of signals, on signalized crossroads.
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Injured Pedestrians in Sweden - Surface Condition

Source:
In Sweden earlier studies have shown that pedestrians are the road user group that are most injured when slippery road conditions.
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Fear and Danger Appraisals of a Road Crossing Scenario: A Developmental Perspective

Source:
The study focuses on conceptual, rather than perceptual, examination of the visual timing elements of distance and speed, as integrated into appraisals of risks related to a traffic scenario.
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Compliance of Ultra-Orthodox and Secular Pedestrians With Traffic Lights in Ultra-Orthodox and Secular Locations

Source:
The study examined the influence of in- and out-group road crossing norms focusing on behaviors of pedestrians in their own in-group environment and in an out-group environment.
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A Within-Subject Design of Comparison of Waiting Time of Pedestrians Before Crossing Three Successive Road Crossings

Source:
The study was aimed to compare the waiting time of pedestrians before crossing three successive road crossings.
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Walking - The Worries of Pedestrians

Source:
A project whose aim was to determine the factors which make walking a pleasant, safe, and attractive transport mode.
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Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation

Source: International City/County Management Association
This is the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide.
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Getting to Smart Growth: 100 More Policies for Implementation

Source: International City/County Management Association
This guide is the fourth primer in a series written and distributed by the International City/County Management Association (ICMA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Smart Growth Network.
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How to enhance WALking and CYcliNG instead of shorter car trips and to make these modes safer (WALCYNG)

Source: Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering, University of Lund, Sweden
The purpose of this document is to examine conditions and measures which may enhance walking and cycling instead of making shorter car trips.
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Why Canadians Cycle More Than Americans: A Comparative Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies

Source: Transport Policy
This paper looks at the reasons by Canadians cycle approximately 3 times more frequently than Americans.
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Cycling in the Netherlands

Source: Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management
Cycling accounts for 27% of all trips in the Netherlands; a comprehensive report (in English) on cycling in the Netherlands is now available.
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European Twowheeler Retailers' Association (ETRA)

Source: European Twowheeler Retailers' Association
This website aims to support independent European retailers of bicycles, mopeds, and motorcycles. The site offers communication tools as well as updates on related legislation and advocacy opportunities.
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Transportation Association of Canada

Source: Transportation Association of Canada
The Transportation Association of Canada is a national association with a mission to promote the provision of safe, secure, efficient, effective and environmentally and financially sustainable transportation services in support of Canada'
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European Network for Cycling Expertise (Velo.Info)

Source: EU Fifth Framework Programme
Velo.info is a nonprofit institute that provides expertise in creating and implementing a cycling policy. The site provides detailed information for planners and advocates on a variety of topics related to cycling,
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The role of traffic violations in police-reported bicycle crashes in Queensland

Source: Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety-Queensland, Queensland University of Technology
This study examines the role of traffic violations in the 6774 police-reported bicycle crashes in Queensland between January 2000 and December 2008.
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Rails with Trails in Canada

Source: Trails Canada
This article outlines some of the potential benefits of rails with trails, concerns, design elements to be considered, and highlights of existing Canadian examples.
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Keeping Children Safe in Traffic

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development draws on best practices and research results to show how child casualties can be reduced. Free executive summary. $45 for full report.
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Walking, Cycling, and Obesity Rates in Europe, North America, and Australia

Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health
This study was designed to examine the relationship between active transportation and obesity rates in different countries.
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Sustainable Transport that Works

Source: World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This paper describes how Germany has balanced high levels of car ownership with safe, convenient, and integrated public transport, cycling, and walking alternatives.
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Cycling for a Few or for Everyone

Source: World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This article reports empirical evidence that multi-faceted strategies (education, enforcement, and provision of facilities) are more effective in increasing cycling safety and raising overall cycling levels.
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Increasing the Percentage of Drivers Yielding to Pedestrians in Three Canadian Cities with a Multifaceted Safety Program

Source: Health Education Research
This experiment evaluated the efficacy of a multifaceted pedestrian safety program in three Canadian cities.
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A Walking Tour of Canada

Source: Go for Green, Active & Safe Routes to Schools
A Web-based resource to encourage students to incorporate walking, cycling or inline skating into their daily lives. Classes log total kilometers walking to and from school as they "walk" across Canada.
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Reevaluating the Role of Public Transit for Improving Urban Transportation

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report investigates the role that public transit can play in reducing traffic congestion and achieving other transportation improvement objectives.
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Reevaluating The Role Of Highway Expansion For Improving Urban Transportation

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report investigates claims that highway capacity expansion is a cost effective and desirable solution to urban traffic congestion problems.
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Collisions involving pedal cyclists on Britain's roads: Establishing the causes

Source: Transportation Research Laboratory Reports
The UK Department for Transport commissioned research to assess the causes of collisions involving cyclists. This report investigates the key causal factors relating to accidents involving cyclists.
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Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents

Source: International City/County Management Association
This guide explains the connections between active living and social equity, provides a toolbox of local government strategies for promoting active living equitably, and highlights notable examples of local initiatives from around the country.
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Cycle Safety: Reducing the Crash Risk

Source: New Zealand Transport Agency
The crash benefits to cyclists of reducing traffic volumes and speeds, and constructing cycle lanes and intersection treatments have been investigated and quantified based on overseas research and data.
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Active Living Approaches by Local Government

Source: International City/County Management Association
This paper discusses the results of surveys of local government officials regarding their ability to encourage active living in communities.
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Active Transportation Policy Issues

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper provides background information on active transportation to facilitate discussion of national active transportation policy and legislation at the Active Transportation Roundtable.
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Another Look at Germany's Bicycle Boom

Source: World Transport Policy and Practice
This article attempts to determine the reason for the substantial increase in bicycling in Germany since the early 1970s. It considers two potential sources for the increase: urban planning and external social factors.
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Active Transportation in Urban Areas

Source: National Collaborating Centre for Environmental Health
The aim of this document is to provide Canadian policy makers, transportation engineers and urban planners with an overview of the potential health benefits and risks of active transportation.
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Investigating Risk Compensation Theory in Cyclists: Results From Intelligent Video Analysis System

Source:
The aim of the present study is to assess risk behaviours in urban cyclists by helmet-use status, using an innovative on-site observation technology.
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Socio-spatial Characteristics of Cyclists Involved in Accidents

Source:
In this project, we undertook a special research on cyclist safety, with a specific look at socio-spatial characteristics of the cyclists involved in the accidents.
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Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper discusses the current and potential problems with automobile dependent societies.
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Bicyclists' Braking Profile on Several Types of Urban Pavements

Source:
The purpose of this study is to investigate the necessary brake length and time until the bicycle is stopped, considering factors like road pavement type and bicycle speed.
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Why Do Older Persons Give Up or Reduce Cycling?

Source:
The aim of this study was to describe antecedents and consequences of reducing or giving up cycling in older persons.
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Adult Recreational Bicyclists: Characteristics, Use of Safety Equipment, and Injury

Source:
The aim of this study was to characterize bicycle riders, bicycle-related injuries and utilization of protective equipment among adults in Israel in order to identify higher risk groups.
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Bicycle Injuries: A Matter of Mechanism and Age

Source:
The goal of this study was to characterize cyclist-related injuries according to motor vehicle involvement for adults versus children.
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Infrastructure Solutions to Improve Pedestrian Safety

Source:
A comprehensive study aimed at conducting a detailed analysis of pedestrian accidents, a diagnosis of infrastructure problems, and assembling a collection of solutions.
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The Role of Cognitive, Perceptual, and Motor Abilities in Elderly Pedestrians' Street-Crossing Decisions

Source:
The objective of the present study was to better understand the underlying age-related changes that lead to these behaviours, with a special focus on perceptual abilities.
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Crosswalks at Roundabouts - Effects of Pedestrian Guard Rails on Utilization

Source:
The goal of this research is to examine the effects of guard rails at roundabouts and the conflicts that may arise.
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National Observational Survey of Pedestrian Behaviour at Crosswalks

Source:
A national observational survey of pedestrian behaviour was initiated in Israel aiming at characterization of pedestrian behaviour at crossings and providing a basis for long-term monitoring.
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Pedestrian Accidents in France: A Descriptive Analysis Based on Fatal Police Reports

Source:
In order to have a better knowledge on pedestrian accidents in France, a study was set up based on fatal pedestrian accidents.
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Automated Pedestrian Detection: Assessing Device Effectiveness and Potential Barriers to Acceptance in North America

Source:
This paper presents the findings of the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Technical Committee on Automated Pedestrian Detection (APD).
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Implementing a "Safe Routes to School" Plan in Kalamaria, Greece

Source:
This paper will report the results of a pilot project attempting to address the problem of decreasing walking to school.
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Cycling Trends and Policies in Canadian Cities

Source: Rutgers University
This study evalutates bicycling trends and policies in six Canadian cities: Montréal, Québec City, Ottawa, Toronto, Vancouver, and Victoria.
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Study on Safe Way to School in Italy

Source:
The way to school is the first and most important approach for children with the use of urban space.
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Risk Factors in Road Crossing Among Elderly Pedestrians and Readiness to Adopt Secure Behavior

Source:
This study intends to broaden the understanding of factors involved in risk taking procedure of older pedestrians, and to identify factors related to elderly person's willingness to adopt preventive behavior.
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Demographical Changes of European Society and its Impact on Walking and Accessibility of Elderly

Source: Transport Research Centre Brno
Many older people make their journeys by walking however, pedestrian casualty rates are much higher among people over 60 compared with younger adults.
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Walkability in the Czech Urban Areas and Position of Pedestrians

Source: Transport Research Centre Brno
This study maps legal bases for searching optimum outputs within the limits of Czech legal order and mitigates a special legal regime of walking away from roads.
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Countdown Signals for Pedestrians in Germany

Source:
A before-and-after-study was carried out covering traffic volume of cars and pedestrians, delay and acceptance of the signals after the installation of a countedown signal.
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Gender Differences in Pedestrian Rule Compliance and Visual Search

Source:
The objective of this study is to explore effect of gender difference in pedestrian rule compliance on walking and crossing behaviour.
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The Pedestrian as the Center of Planning: No Evaluation Without Data

Source:
The aim of this project stands on modeling the notion of anticipation of drivers' behaviors by pedestrians, and then to suggest an algorithm for the crossroads crossing by pedestrians.
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High Resolution Modeling of Vehicle-Pedestrian Interactions for Estimating Pedestrian Risk at the Black Spots

Source:
The paper presents the SAFEPED - microscopic 3D simulation of the Black Spot dynamics.
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Characterizing Illegal Mid-Block Pedestrian Crossings in China

Source:
This study tracked 450 pedestrians via video cameras on two geometrically different roadways in Kunming, China to determine their crossing behaviors.
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Pedestrian Road Safety in the Israeli Arab Minority and the General Population of Jordan

Source:
The objectives of the study are to understand the causes of pedestrian involvement in traffic accidents and to examine the role of social and transportation policies in pedestrian safety improvement.
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Mapping Patterns of Pedestrian Fatal Accidents in Israel

Source:
This study intends to provide a broad picture of pedestrian traffic accidents in Israel by uncovering their patterns and underlying their recurrent characteristics.
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Ride your bike! Measures to Promote Cycling in Germany

Source: German Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Housing
Germany's national cycling strategy 2002-2012 aims to promote cycling in Germany as part of a sustainable, integrated transport policy.
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Safety of Vulnerable Road Users

Source: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, France
This report presents a review of the current safety situation of vulnerable road users in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member countries.
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Pedaling Health: Health Benefits of a Modal Transportation Shift

Source: Australian Department of Transport,
The purpose of this report is to present medical research on the benefits accruing from incorporating exercise into daily living patterns.
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Estimating Cycling Demand For the Journey to Work or Study in West Edinburgh

Source: Transportation Research Board
This study develops a method to determine the propensity to cycle and provide an estimate of cycling demand in Edinburgh, Scotland, using discrete choice models. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board,
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Adversary Bicycle Policies and Their Impact on Urban Transporation in China

Source: Transportation Research Board
This manuscript provides an analysis of the origins of the negative opinions and related policies after presenting a brief review of bicycle development in China. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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test

Source: rlytle
upload test 8/10/2016
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Health Impacts of the Built Environment

Source: Institute of Public Health in Ireland
This review is the third in the series and illustrates how the built environment impacts on health.
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National Scan of Actions to Address the Relationship between Built Environments, Physical Activity and Obesity

Source: Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada (CDPAC), Public Health Agency of Canada
This report reviews recent literature on health and the built environment, and discusses various related organizations and the resources they offer.
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Report on Public Health and Urban Sprawl in Ontario

Source: Ontario College of Family Physicians
This report summarizes pertinent information on the relationship between urban sprawl and health. It serves to identify the key issues that are relevant to the growing number of sprawl-related health problems in Ontario which is comparable to US situations and is far worse compared to Europe.
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The Australian National Cycling Strategy 2005-2010

Source: Austroads, Inc.
This document describes the need for a cycling strategy, identifies six key priorities for improving the state of cycling, and outlines important actions to take to acheive each of those priorities.
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Bus Stop Style Guide

Source: PPK Environment & Infrastructure
This document is a style guide for bus stops in urban areas in New South Wales.
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