PBIC updates its Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Short Series for undergraduate education

The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) updated its Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Short Series with new content, images, student assignments, and instructor notes.

This three-part series is designed to augment undergraduate courses in basic civil engineering and/or transportation planning. The course materials now include up-to-date presentation slides for three 50-minute lectures, four assignments, and a reading/resource list. The lectures include:

The updates also include a new “Instructor Information Sheet” that introduces the materials and offers tips for teaching the Short Series, allowing instructors to better tailor the course to their needs. PBIC worked with Toole Design Group to create three new assignments for instructors to choose from:

The PBIC also offers semester-long courses for graduate and undergraduate students studying civil engineering and planning.

To download the materials, go to: www.pedbikeinfo.org/shortseries.

The PBIC will hold a webinar on August 19 to introduce the materials. Webinar speakers will discuss why entry-level transportation professionals need experience planning and designing for all modes and how the updated course materials may be used and adapted for different university courses.
Webinar presenters include:

To register for the webinar, go to: https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/3279004626169069057.

PBIC offers new resource for improving ped/bike safety on university campuses

College and university campuses often feature dynamic transportation environments with high volumes of pedestrians, bicyclists, and motor vehicles. To ensure pedestrian and bicycle safety in these areas, colleges and universities must work closely with surrounding communities to carefully plan their transportation facilities.

The new “Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety around University Campuses” resource offers a comprehensive guide for college planners and transportation managers to improve the safety for pedestrians and bicyclists.

The resource provides background information on college campuses, explaining why such considerations are necessary, and offers five tools for improving safety:

The resource, which was produced for the PBIC by Robert Schneider with the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee and the University of California, Berkeley Safe Transportation Research and Education Center, provides example pedestrian and bicycle plans and campus transportation surveys and studies from a variety of universities and colleges across the United States.

Access this new resource at: http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/planning/facilities_universities.cfm

New white paper explores pedestrian and bicycle forecasting methods

The PBIC released a new white paper to help communities quantify future demand for walking and bicycling facilities. “Bicycle and Pedestrian Forecasting Tools: State of the Practice” offers a review of available tools for predicting pedestrian and bicycle demand and suggests next steps to improve them.

Forecasting allows planners and engineers to better quantify and plan for pedestrian and bicycle facility demands. This paper offers case studies, examples, costs, and advantages/disadvantages of a variety of forecasting methods, including sketch planning techniques, aggregate demand models, and network simulation tools, among others.

This free resource, which was produced for the PBIC by Fehr & Peers, can be downloaded at http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/whitepapers.

NHTSA releases tools for teaching youth about pedestrian-motorists and bicycle-motorists crashes

Prevent Crashes: Tips for Preteens and Teens

As part of its larger tool for working with pre-driving youth, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration released two pieces to engage youth in discussing some of the common behavioral causes of crashes. By first understanding how crashes happen, an individual can look at his/her own behavior to see what can be done to prevent the crash in the first place. 

“One thing we heard from our partners was the need to include everyone’s role in crash prevention, not just the pedestrian or bicyclist, but also the motorist,” says Paula Bawer, a NHTSA Program Manager focusing on behavioral-specific pedestrian and bicycle safety issues. “We teach kids about pedestrian and bicycle safety when they are young and then they learn to drive. Making the connection with walking and biking safety for tweens and teens from a pre-driving perspective is often missing. Walking and bicycling safety principles are the stepping stones to driving safely, and many of the same principles apply and tweens and teens, who need to understand and apply critical thinking to walking and biking around traffic. These pieces, along with others, can help create a generation with greater understanding and application of their role in safe driving around pedestrians and bicyclists. Reinforcing this concept with pre-drivers and with driver’s education instructors will help youth learn not just defensive driving around cars but all traffic, and defensive walking, biking to ensure safety for all.”

These new resources can be found at:

For more on behavior safety issues related to pedestrians and bicyclists, see NHTSA’s sites: www.nhtsa.gov/Pedestrians or www.nhtsa.gov/Bicycles.

New study to create procedures for measuring pedestrian traffic

The Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Office of Highway Policy Information is currently under contract to perform a project entitled:  Non-Motorized Traffic Monitoring – Pedestrian Monitoring Techniques and Procedures. In an effort to support pedestrian traffic monitoring as detailed in Chapter 4 of the 2013 Traffic Monitoring Guide, this project will develop detailed and more specific procedures for measuring pedestrian traffic, including traffic on: 1) sidewalks; 2) crosswalks; 3) shared pedestrian / bike paths; 4) stairways (in conjunction with elevators or ramps); and 5) overpasses and underpasses.

The objective of this project is to develop detailed procedures for measuring pedestrian traffic under a wide range of scenarios for both short duration and long term coverage. Anticipated project completion is by April 2016.

For more information regarding this research, please contact David L. Jones, Sr. by phone at 202-366-5053 or by email at djones@dot.gov.

Featured Case Study: The Newtown Pike Extension Project: Enhancing Quality of Life for the Davis Park Community in Lexington, Kentucky

About the Newtown Pike Extension Project

Newtown Pike Extension Project

The Newtown Pike Extension Project was proposed to address transportation needs near downtown Lexington, Kentucky. The project also leveraged the quality, location, and type of transportation facilities and services in a way that achieves community goals and fosters quality of life. The project is an example of how a transportation investment can support mobility, quality of life, and community goals.

While the Newtown Pike Extension Project was first conceived in 1931, the project did not move forward until the 1970s. Potential impacts to low-income and minority communities, publicly owned properties, and historic resources, presented challenges to project implementation. By the 1990s, traffic congestion in the downtown area was severe, and the effort to find a solution was renewed.

After approval was provided by FHWA to proceed with environmental studies under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), substantial efforts were made to move the project forward in a manner that considered and protected surrounding communities. Ultimately, an urban village plan and Community Land Trust were implemented to address the environmental justice impacts associated with the project, provide equitable and affordable housing, and preserve community cohesion.

Project Purpose & Need

The purpose of the project is to extend and upgrade the Newtown Pike in Lexington, in order to improve the flow of through traffic, draw traffic away from downtown, and improve access to the University of Kentucky central campus.

Highlighted Goals of the Newtown Pike Extension Project:

Community Context

Newtown Pike Extension Project

The community of Davis Bottom was studied in detail beginning in the early planning stages of the project. The Community Impact Assessment (CIA) and Socio-economic Baseline Analysis brought together findings from earlier studies and more recent trends and analysis to describe the context of the community. A Social Needs Assessment was completed in 2006 to help identify residents' needs for assistance and services.

Davis Bottom first developed in the late 1800s and the neighborhood grew as a community for workers on Lexington's railway system. While described as one of the lowest income communities in Lexington, it is also considered highly cohesive. Davis Bottom has been impacted by development associated with its proximity to downtown. When construction of the Lexington Civic Center and associated facilities began in 1974, approximately 145 dwelling units, 50 apartment buildings, and 20 commercial buildings (including a church) were demolished. A continued decline in population and housing has been attributed to the uncertainties associated with the proposed Newtown Pike Extension project.

Impacts of the Project

Newtown Pike Extension Project

The build alternatives for the Newtown Pike Extension project would result in relocations in the low-income community of Davis Bottom caused by the direct impact of the roadway project and by the indirect impact of market forces resulting from increased land values near the new roadway. The CIA noted the absence of affordable replacement housing. It was expected that the no-action alternative would also result in a decline of Davis Bottom, continuing the trend begun by years of uncertainty around the project.

Through a survey and public engagement opportunities, the community expressed interest in remaining in the area. The CIA documented that the build alternatives and the no-action alternative would disrupt family and community ties, that residents would lose the opportunity to walk to major service-job providers in the downtown area, and that residents would be forced to move from a location where many families had resided for generations.

The CIA concluded that since none of the residential relocation or community disruption impacts would affect the other neighborhoods bordering the proposed roadway corridor to the same degree, impacts to Davis Bottom met the 'disproportionate' requirement of the Environmental Justice Executive Order (E.O. 12898).

Integrated Project Design & Mitigation

To avoid disruption to community cohesion, mitigate environmental justice impacts, and support the Purpose and Need objective to avoid undue burdens to communities, a variety of mitigation strategies were incorporated into the Newtown Pike Extension Project.

Mitigation Strategies:

The Southend Park Urban Village Plan was developed to provide the framework for mitigation of environmental justice impacts. The plan was designed to provide housing that would allow residents of the Davis Bottom community to remain in the area. What was proposed as a new "Southend Park" neighborhood was later renamed "Davis Park." Under the plan, 25 acres of the Davis Bottom neighborhood would be reconstructed to provide homes, rental units, and new or renovated community facilities. A Community Land Trust (CLT) was created to implement the plan.

According to its Articles of Incorporation, the CLT was established to:

According to the Record of Decision:

Newtown Pike Extension Project

"The Southend Park Urban Village Plan, through this Urban Village concept, is about improving the quality of life by building a better neighborhood. It is about having a mix of housing types, retail, offices, local employment opportunities, community and social service facilities, safe and attractive public spaces, and a good transportation network. The premise of the Southend Park Urban Village Plan is to create a livable environment for those residents who currently reside in the neighborhood and to create a sustainable neighborhood by encouraging new residents to relocate into the area as well. Thus the Southend Park Urban Village Plan will reverse decades-old neglect endured by this community and mitigate the environmental justice impacts to this community over the past 50 years from the proposed NPE (Newtown Pike Extension)."

Community Outreach & Engagement

Newtown Pike Extension Project

Involving the Davis Bottom community throughout planning, project development, and the design of mitigation strategies was a critical element of the Newtown Pike Extension project. The Record of Decision notes that this engagement allowed residents to work with the project team to find solutions to concerns.

Davis Park Today

Newtown Pike Extension Project

The former Davis Bottom neighborhood is now known as Davis Park. In 2008, temporary homes for residents wishing to move into the new village were constructed. Site preparation for Davis Park began in 2012 and the CLT held a ground-breaking ceremony for the first new rental complex, Davis Park View, in June 2014. A grand opening ceremony was held on November 20, 2014 to celebrate the completion of 14 affordable rental homes in Davis Park.

Home construction is planned to be complete in fall 2015. Right-of-way acquisition and construction of the Newtown Pike Extension Project are currently underway (as of January 2015). Community information meetings and a project website keep interested parties informed on the overall project. In addition, the Community Land Trust maintains a website to keep residents and other stakeholders

Effective Practices Supporting Community Quality of Life

Newtown Pike Extension Project

The individuals, agencies, and organizations that collaborated on the Newtown Pike Extension Project and the development of the urban village plan had a road to build; but they were determined to do it in a way that did not adversely affect the community involved. The creative partnerships and innovative solutions resulted from this determination to do things the best way possible for both the road project and the community.

Some of the effective practices implemented through the Newtown Pike Extension project were to:

For More Information or references, Contact:

U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
Kentucky Division Office
330 West Broadway
Frankfort, KY 40601-1981
(502) 223-6720

New Resources

The PBIC has recently added the following resources to the PBIC Online Library, a centralized, Web-based collection of pedestrian- and bicycling-related materials. To search the library, please visit http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/library.

Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Design Resource Index

Bicycle and Pedestrian Forecasting Tools: State of the Practice

Walkability Checklist for Teens

Bikeability Checklist for Teens

Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide


CDC releases new tool for assessing the built environment

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention created a new tool for measuring how the built environment affects health behaviors, notably walking, biking, and other types of physical activity. Access the tool at: http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dch/built-environment-assessment/.

Bike League announces Bike Friendly Rankings

The League of American Bicyclists released its 2015 Bicycle Friendly State rankings:

Register your Walk to School Day event

The National Center for Safe Routes to School offers free resources including downloadable stickers, certificates, and fliers to individuals and organizations holding Walk to School Day events. To receive those materials, register your event at http://www.walkbiketoschool.org/.

This year, Walk to School Day will be Wednesday, October 7.  

Recreational Trails Program Annual Achievement Awards

The Coalition for Recreational Trails, a federation of national and regional trail-related organizations, holds its Annual Achievement Awards each June to recognize outstanding trail projects funded through the Recreational Trails Program (RTP). See the American Trails Awards webpage. The trail programs and project sponsors honored for 2015 are listed below by category of award:

Outstanding State Trail Program

Outstanding State Recreational Trails Advisory Committee

From our Facebook Page

Here are some of the more popular posts from the past few months:

June 30, 2015: A new study details how Copenhagen evaluates the costs of building bicycle facilities: http://www.fastcoexist.com/3046345/how-copenhagen-became-a-cycling-paradise-by-considering-the-full-cost-of-cars.

June 23, 2015: According to the Washington Post's Innovation Column, Separated Bike Lanes can revolutionize: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/innovations/wp/2015/06/22/why-cycletrack-networks-should-be-the-next-great-american-transit-project/.

June 15, 2015: Here's an interesting explanation from US PIRG about who roads are actually funded: http://www.uspirg.org/reports/usp/who-pays-roads.

June 2, 2015: San Francisco is going to build raised bicycle lanes: http://www.citylab.com/commute/2015/05/san-francisco-wants-to-lower-bike-injuries-by-raising-bike-lanes/392492/.

May 29, 2015: Here's another great example of the health benefits of walking: http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/why-one-dc-doctor-is-prescribing-walks-in-the-park-instead-of-pills/2015/05/28/03a54004-fb45-11e4-9ef4-1bb7ce3b3fb7_story.html.

May 19, 2015: FHWA released its new Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide. Be sure to check it out: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/ publications/separated_bikelane_pdg/page00.cfm.

April 20, 2015: BikeWalkNC offers this explanation for why bicyclists ride two abreast: http://www.bikewalknc.org/2015/04/why-cyclists-ride-two-abreast/.

April 1, 2015: Volvo created a new paint that is invisible during the day but reflective at night to make bicyclists more visible: http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_eye/2015/03/31 /volvo_life_paint_invisible_safety_spray_paint_for_your_bike_that_glows_in.html.

Upcoming Events

Second International Bicycle Urbanism Symposium
September 28-30, 2015
Richmond, VA USA

Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals Professional Development Seminar 2015
September 28 - October 1, 2015
St. Louis, MO USA

2015 Complete Streets Forum
October 1, 2015
Toronto, Canada

2015 American Public Transportation Association Annual Meeting and EXPO
October 4-7, 2015
San Francisco, CA USA

Walk 21
October 20-23, 2015
Vienna, Austria

October 25-28, 2015
Dallas, TX USA

National Walking Summit
October 28-30, 2015
Washington DC USA

NACTO Designing Cities Conference 2015
October 28-31, 2015
Austin, TX USA

American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Exposition
October 31 - November 4, 2015
Chicago, IL USA

American Society of Landscape Architects Annual Meeting
November 6-9, 2015
Chicago, IL USA

National Light Rail and Streetcar Conference
November 15-17, 2015
Minneapolis, MN USA

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center

730 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd
Campus Box 3430
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3430
Phone: 1.888.823.3977
Fax: 919.962.8710