FHWA's new Safety Performance Measures include a focus on pedestrian and bicycle safety

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) published the Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) and the Safety Performance Management Measures (Safety PM) Final Rules on March 15, 2016, in the Federal Register. The HSIP Final Rule updates the existing HSIP requirements to be consistent with the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21) and the Fixing America’s Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, and clarifies existing program requirements. The Safety PM Final Rule implements the safety performance measure requirements from MAP-21 for the purpose of carrying out the HSIP to assess serious injuries and fatalities on all public roads.

These new safety performance measures continue to fulfill FHWA’s commitment that safety progress is transparent, based on a data-driven process, and is monitored and tracked. The Safety PM Final Rule establishes five performance measures that States and Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs) must set targets for each year. These performance measures are the five year rolling averages for:

The Nonmotorized Fatalities and Nonmotorized Serious Injuries performance measure encourages all States to address pedestrian and bicycle safety and highlights attention on transportation system users who are not in motor vehicles, such as pedestrians and bicyclists. Having a uniform national safety nonmotorized performance measure will increase momentum throughout the country to address pedestrian and bicyclist serious injuries and fatalities. Under the new rules, States and MPOs are required to establish and report annual targets for each measure. FHWA will then assess whether a State has met or made significant progress toward meeting their targets.

These new requirements necessitate stakeholders to collaborate more closely than ever before. State Departments of Transportation, MPOs, and a host of other safety stakeholders should begin conversations now on the new requirements, which became effective on April 14, 2016. States and MPOs are required to begin setting safety targets for calendar year 2018. FHWA is committed to working with partners to implement the Final Rule. For further information on the Safety Performance Final Rule go to: http://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/hsip/spm/.

FHWA releases new performance measures guidebook

Guidebook for Developing Pedestrian and Bicycle Performance Measures

FHWA’s “Guidebook for Developing Pedestrian and Bicycle Performance Measures” is designed to help communities develop performance measures for their pedestrian and bicycle efforts and to integrate those measures into their larger planning process.

The guide describes the myriad ways bicycle and pedestrian investments, activities, and impacts can be measured and offers instruction on how to best track and document those measures. The performance measures can then be used to plan, fund, and implement pedestrian and bicycle projects that offer the highest level of benefit. The guidebook was developed by Kittelson and Associates in collaboration with the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC.)

Access the full report at: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/publications/ performance_measures_guidebook/.

NHTSA releases "Advancing Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals"

Communities across the country are encouraging walking and biking to meet safety, health, livability, equity, and mobility goals. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) released a new resource for introducing pedestrian and bicycle safety measures, "Advancing Pedestrian Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals." The Primer, developed as a reference for non-engineers, is intended for highway safety professionals, including State Highway Safety Officials, as well as their partners and grantees, as a reference for an integrated and comprehensive effort to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety and support broader transportation-related goals.

The Primer summarizes the most promising infrastructure treatments and behavioral programs available for addressing specific safety problems and highlights how these approaches can be combined and implemented. It identifies opportunities for various agencies to collaborate and combine their respective approaches and funding for a more comprehensive program. It also offers real-world examples of what States and local jurisdictions are doing to address pedestrian and bicycle issues in a comprehensive manner. Finally, the Primer includes descriptions of key concepts, and definitions of common terms and acronyms and real world examples to help readers understand the essentials of pedestrian and bicycle safety issues when discussing and collaborating with diverse partners to develop comprehensive programs.

The Primer was developed for NHTSA by HSRC, in collaboration with Dunlap and Associates. Download a PDF copy of the Primer at: http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/pdf/812258-Peds_Bike_Primer.pdf.


NHTSA Releases "Effect of Electronic Device Use on Pedestrian Safety"

This is part one of a three-phase project which aims to determine if electronic device use by pedestrians and drivers significantly impacts pedestrian safety and is divided into three phases. This new release (phase I) "Effect of Electronic Device Use on Pedestrian Safety: A Literature Review" offers a literature review of pedestrian distraction research including electronic device use and the role distraction on the part of pedestrians and/or drivers plays in pedestrian/motor vehicle conflicts (complete publication expected spring 2016). The extensive literature review was divided and summarized into three sections: pedestrian distraction, driver distraction, and pedestrian-vehicle interactions. Within each section, the findings are further divided into several subsections based on the study methodologies, such as naturalistic observations, simulation, laboratory, or crash database analysis.

Download a copy at: http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/nti/pdf/812256-EffectElectronicDeviceUsePedestrianSafety.pdf


FHWA published new workbook on incorporating bicycle networks into resurfacing projects

Incorporating On-Road Bicycle Networks into Resurfacing Projects

FHWA’s new resource, "Incorporating On-Road Bicycle Networks into Resurfacing Projects," outlines recommendations for roadway agencies to efficiently and cost-effectively integrate bicycle facilities into resurfacing programs.

The workbook provides recommendations for how roadway agencies can integrate bicycle facilities into their resurfacing program, as well as provides methods for fitting bicycle facilities onto existing roadways, cost considerations, and case studies. The workbook does not present detailed design guidance but highlights existing guidance, justifications, and best practices for providing bikeways during resurfacing projects.

Access the report at: https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/bicycle_pedestrian/publications/resurfacing/.

GHSA releases study on pedestrian traffic fatalities in 2015

Projected pedestrian fatalities in 2015 vs. 2014

The Governors Highway Safety Association’s (GHSA) newest report on pedestrian traffic fatalities shows that pedestrian deaths are growing even as total traffic fatalities are declining. The study, “Pedestrian Traffic Fatalities by State: 2015 Preliminary Data,” also estimates that more than 2,300 pedestrians were killed in the first half of 2015, a 10 percent increase over 2014.

“We are projecting the largest year-to-year increase in pedestrian fatalities since national records have been kept, and therefore we are quite alarmed,” report author Richard Retting said in a statement. “Pedestrian safety is clearly a growing problem across the country. It is important to understand the data underlying these crashes so states and localities can apply the right mix of engineering, education and enforcement to counteract this troubling trend.”

The study is based on data from all 50 State highway safety agencies and the District of Columbia. It provides state-by-state data as well as analyzes recent trends in pedestrian fatalities and discusses state and federal efforts to reduce pedestrian fatalities and injuries.

Download the report at: http://www.ghsa.org/html/publications/spotlight/peds2015.html.

Webinar explores how communities can become Walk Friendly

Walk Friendly Communities

Join Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) staff to learn about how cities and towns can use the Mayors' Challenge and Walk Friendly Communities program to assess their walkability and pedestrian safety activities. The Walk Friendly Communities program is designed to recognize cities and towns that are working to improve conditions in a variety of program areas. Based on a comprehensive assessment tool, the program has recognized more than 50 Walk Friendly Communities since 2011.

This webinar will provide communities with information about how they can use planning and policy strategies, infrastructure improvements, educational and encouragement campaigns, enforcement strategies, and evaluation to build comprehensive programs to improve conditions for walking. These topics specifically address the seven program areas of the Mayors' Challenge. Attendees will also hear firsthand from designated Walk Friendly Communities who will share case studies and example programs that can serve as models for others. Finally, attendees will come away with a clear understanding of the steps to apply for Walk Friendly recognition.

The webinar will be held May 18. To register, go to https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/6160281449689923842.

New Resources

The PBIC has recently added the following resources to the PBIC Online Library, a centralized, Web-based collection of pedestrian- and bicycling-related materials. To search the library, please visit http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/library.

Incorporating On-Road Bicycle Networks into Resurfacing Projects

Methodology for Linking Greenways and Trails with Public Transportation in Florida

2016 State of Bicycling, Memphis, Tenn.

Vision Zero Cities 2016


PBIC to hold webinar series on separated bike lanes

The PBIC will offer a two-part webinar series in June covering the latest design and planning recommendations for separated bike lanes. The webinars will discuss separated bike lane planning considerations and design recommendations for different types of corridors and intersections. Case study panelists will provide a practitioner perspective on planning and implementing separated bike lanes. Details will soon be posted to http://www.pedbikeinfo.org/webinars.

Fostering Livability on Commercial Highways and Arterial Streets

FHWA in conjunction with Project for Public Spaces held a webinar on March 3rd entitled, "Fostering Livability on Commercial Highways and Arterial Streets." The webinar explored strategies to improve the walkability, livability, and functionality of automobile-oriented commercial corridors. The following speakers were featured:

Go to http://contextsensitivesolutions.org/content/webinar/fostering_livability_on_commerc/ to view the webinar recording and presentation slides.

Alliance for Biking and Walking released its biennial benchmarking report

The Alliance for Biking and Walking released its “2016 Benchmarking Report.” The report, produced in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Healthy Community Design Initiative, provides information on bicycling and walking in all 50 States and the 52 largest cities. Download a copy of the report at: http://www.bikewalkalliance.org/resources/benchmarking.

FHWA releases new TAP performance management guidebook

FHWA’s Transportation Alternatives Program (TAP) Performance Management Guidebook provides sample performance objectives and measures that States, MPOs, and project sponsors may consider as they administer, implement, and evaluate TAP projects and program outcomes. The Guidebook promotes voluntary best practices to ensure program transparency and accountability, but does not establish requirements or standards. The Guidebook and the March 31 webinar recording are available at http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/transportation_alternatives/performance_management/.

New framework brings health into transportation corridor planning

FHWA’s "Health in Transportation Corridor Planning Framework" supports transportation agencies in incorporating health into corridor planning studies. Access the framework at: http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/health_in_transportation/planning_framework/ the_framework/fhwahep16014.pdf.

Applications for eighth round of TIGER funding now open

U.S. Transportation Secretary Foxx announced the opening of the eighth round of Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) grants. For this round, $500 million is available to fund capital investments in surface transportation infrastructure. Applications are due April 29th.

U.S. DOT provides update on the LadderSTEP Initiative

The U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT) launched the Ladders of Opportunities Transportation Empowerment Pilot (LadderSTEP) in 2015 in seven U.S. cities. The LadderSTEP communities have been providing updates on the USDOT Fastlane Blog. The mayors in each city shared their communities' progress toward building and restoring connections, workforce capacity, and neighborhood revitalization over the last year. Visit the Fastlane Blog at: https://www.transportation.gov/fastlane/ladderstep-continues-moving-forward.

Trails and pedestrian and bicycle projects are eligible for multiple Federal funding sources

Trails projects, pedestrian and bicycle projects (including modifications to comply with accessibility requirements under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990), and Safe Routes to School projects are eligible under multiple Federal funding programs. Although many States focus on the Transportation Alternatives or the Recreational Trails Program, trail and pedestrian and bicycle projects also are eligible under the Surface Transportation Block Grant Program (STBG). FHWA released its STBG guidance on March 7, 2016. See FHWA's Bicycle and Pedestrian Funding Opportunities table for other programs. FHWA anticipates updating this table in late spring 2016.

Mayors' Challenge Awards

The U.S. DOT will hold an awards competition for cities participating in the Mayors' Challenge for Safer People, Safer Streets. The competition was announced in March 2015, and cities will self-nominate in June-July 2016. DOT will review nominations and select winners in July-August 2016. Winning cities will be contacted in late August, and the awards will be presented and publicly announced in September at a capstone summit event in Washington, DC at U.S. DOT Headquarters the week of September 19. For more information see: https://www.transportation.gov/sites/dot.gov/files/docs/ Mayors%20Challenge%20Awards%20Fact%20Sheet%204-18-16_0.pdf.

Webinar to discuss environmental justice in transportation planning

The American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials' Center for Environmental Excellence and FHWA are sponsoring a webinar entitled "Moving Environmental Justice (EJ) Forward in Transportation Planning and Project Development." The webinar will be held on Wednesday, May 18th at 1:30 pm ET. Please got to https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/4029500482963018243 to register.


From our Facebook Page

Here are some of the more popular posts from our Facebook page since January 2016:

March 16: FHWA announced today new safety performance measures for pedestrians and bicyclists. https://www.transportation.gov/briefing-room/fhwa%E2%80%99s-new-safety-performance-measures-including-bicycle-pedestrian-safety.

March 15: This news station in Greenville, SC is taking a look at the economic benefits created by investments in bicycling infrastructure. http://www.foxcarolina.com/clip/12282566/cycling-business-helping-cities.

March 14: FHWA named its seven finalists for its Smart City Challenge. https://www.transportation.gov/smartcity.

March 10: Check out the new bike path and bridge to be built across the Chicago River. https://www.dnainfo.com/chicago/20160309/roscoe-village/cool-bike-path-that-will-soar-over-river-has-name-start-date.

March 4: As part of its plan to reduce emissions, Norway plans to invest nearly $1 billion into new bicycling infrastructure. http://www.citylab.com/cityfixer/2016/03/norway-bike-highways-billion-dollars/472059/.

March 2: The Washington Post's weekly "In Theory" column tackled the idea of removing cars from city streets. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/in-theory/wp/2016/02/29/the-car-century-was-a-mistake-its-time-to-move-on/?postshare=1271456843192186&tid=ss_fb.

Feb. 26: The City of Charleston is creating a lane for bicyclists and pedestrians on the Legare Bridge, connecting the central part of the city with areas to the west and south. http://usa.streetsblog.org/2014/02/27/big-win-in-charleston-car-lane-converted-to-bikeped-path-on-key-bridge/.

Feb. 23: Ft. Collins, Colo. is moving to build protected bike lanes - with vertical elements separating bicycles and motor vehicles - and not just buffered or separated bike lanes. http://www.coloradoan.com/story/news/2016/02/16/city-aims-build-more-protected-bike-lanes/80181798/.

Feb. 19: Check out Copenhagen's new traffic lights. https://momentummag.com/copenhagen-invests-in-380-bike-friendly-intelligent-traffic-lights/.

Feb. 15: Radio Canada asked experts how to improve pedestrian safety in Montreal. Here are the five tips they offered. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/montreal/5-ways-to-improve-pedestrian-safety-1.3447678.

Feb. 11: Check out Austin, Texas's polka-dot curb extensions. http://www.citylab.com/design/2016/01/polka-dots-help-pedestrian-reclaim-space-in-austin/433749/.

Feb. 9: Take a look at Millburn, N.J.'s complete streets plans. https://www.tapinto.net/towns/millburn-slash-short-hills/categories/news/articles/complete-streets-in-pictures.

Feb. 2: Researchers at the University of Colorado, Denver are questioning the effectiveness and safety impact of sharrows. https://www.cpr.org/news/story/bicycle-sharrows-denver-invention-now-under-researchers-scrutiny.

Feb. 1: Wired has a good article explaining how snow often forms temporary curb extensions. http://www.wired.com/2016/01/sneckdowns-the-hidden-urban-design-lesson-in-winter-storm-jonas/.

Jan. 25: Kentucky could become the next state to implement a three-foot passing law. http://www.wcpo.com/news/political/kentucky-state-government-news/ky-bill-would-require-3-foot-cushion-when-passing-cyclists-on-road.

Jan. 22: Take a look at things some cities are doing to promote healthy lives. http://www.yesmagazine.org/issues/good-health/6-citites-designing-for-health-20160111.

Jan. 21: The Washington Post looks at how the quantity and quality of sidewalks varies across racial and economics lines. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2016/01/15/the-inequality-of-sidewalks/.

Jan. 19: A new study looks into how income level affects walking and biking. http://grist.org/article/rich-people-walk-and-bike-for-different-reasons-than-poor-people-do/.

Jan. 13: A new study argues that more parking leads to more driving: http://www.citylab.com/commute/2016/01/the-strongest-case-yet-that-excessive-parking-causes-more-driving/423663/?utm_source=nl__link3_011216.

Jan. 11: People for Bikes announced its 10 best bike lanes of 2015. Are any of these in your hometown? http://www.peopleforbikes.org/blog/entry/americas-10-best-new-bike-lanes-of-2015.

Jan. 8: The State of Idaho is working to make sure more motorists know the laws regarding bicyclists by adding more bicycle questions to the state's driving test. http://www.bicycling.com/news/advocacy/idaho-adds-bicycle-questions-to-driving-tests.

Jan. 6: Germany opened its first stretch of bicycle highway, with many more miles to come: http://www.bicycling.com/culture/advocacy/germany-opens-bicycle-only-autobahn.

Upcoming Events

North American Travel Monitoring Exposition and Conference 2016 (NATMEC)
May 1-4, 2016
Miami, FL USA

Michigan State University Bicycle Friendly American Conference
May 19, 2016
East Lansing, MI USA

International Conference on Transportation and Health
June 13-15, 2016
San Jose, CA USA

Integrating Bike-Ped Topics into University Transportation Courses
June 22-23, 2016
Portland, OR USA

Pro Walk / Pro Bike / Pro Place
Sept. 12-15, 2016
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

NACTO Designing Cities Conference 2016
Sept. 26-29, 2016
Seattle, WA USA

Walk 21
Oct. 3-7, 2016
Hong Kong

IMBA World Summit
Nov. 10-12, 2016
Bentonville, AR USA

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center

730 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd
Campus Box 3430
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3430
Phone: 1.888.823.3977
Fax: 919.962.8710