Profile: Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies

Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies

The Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety has released a new guide, the Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies, to assist transit agencies in working to create safe environments for pedestrians.

Transit agencies play a critical role in making conditions safe for pedestrians traveling to and from transit stops. Ensuring the physical safety of passengers — both when on board a transit vehicle as well as when they are accessing the system — is vital to the success of any transit system. The Pedestrian Safety Guide for Transit Agencies is intended to provide transit agency staff with an easy-to-use resource for improving pedestrian safety. The guide emphasizes the importance of solving pedestrian safety issues through partnerships with state and local transportation agencies, municipalities, and road users.

The Guide includes a variety of approaches to address common pedestrian safety issues that are likely to arise near transit stations, bus stops, and pedestrian facilities leading to transit facilities. It provides references to other publications and tools for use in identifying pedestrian safety problems. Descriptions of engineering, education, and enforcement treatments and programs that have been effectively applied by transit agencies are included, as well as background information about pedestrian safety and access to transit. The Guide also includes case studies illustrating how transit agencies successfully improved pedestrian safety.

To access the Guide, which is available as html and as a PDF file, please visit If you would like a hard copy, you can order it here:

PBIC and APBP develop new case studies and FAQs

The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center partnered with the Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals this year to develop a series of short and long case studies for publication and promotion on the Center's Web sites. The case studies represent successful pedestrian and bicycle projects from across the country and abroad. Highlights of these case studies include:

Intermodal Transportation Planning and Development: A closer look at linking transit to bicycling and walking
Tucson, Arizona

Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness
Orlando and Orange County, Florida

Creating Active Rural Communities
Haliburton County, Ontario

Overcoming Opposition to Sidewalk Construction
Winston-Salem, North Carolina

All of the case studies developed in conjunction with APBP can be found in the PBIC's Online Library, a centralized, Web-based collection of pedestrian and bicycling-related materials and documents compiled by practitioners and researchers from across the United States and abroad. Please go to and browse the "case studies" category at the bottom of the page.

The PBIC also worked with APBP members to develop answers to more than 40 Frequently Asked Questions. Highlights of these FAQs include:

What are the issues where a trail crosses a road?

What is congestion pricing?

What is the best way to encourage work trips by bicycle?

Do curb extensions reduce speeds?

How can our community take advantage of concern about high gasoline prices to promote bicycling and walking?

What effect do in-street crosswalk signs have on drivers?

Do roundabouts work for bicycles and pedestrians?

All of the FAQs can be found in the Center's Web site within its searchable FAQ database at

APBP members were compensated for their time in developing the case studies and FAQs. For more information on how you can add to this body of knowledge through the development of a case study or FAQ, please email

PBIC increases outreach activities

The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center is expanding its outreach and promotional activities to further support its mission to disseminate information and technical assistance on pedestrian and bicycle safety.

In April 2008, PBIC staff members Carl Sundstrom and Dan Gelinne attended the 7th International Ecocity Conference in San Francisco, California. The PBIC sponsored an exhibit booth at the conference to share pedestrian and bicycle information and materials to conference attendees. The International Ecocity Conference Series brought together the key innovators, decision makers, technologists, businesses and organizations shaping the conversation around ecological and sustainable city, town and village design, planning and development.

Future outreach plans for the PBIC include marketing activities and material distribution at conferences including the 2008 Institute of Transportation Engineers Annual Conference, 2008 Pro Walk/Pro Bike Conference and the 2008 Walk 21 Conference.

Featured Training: Creating Great Communities through Public Involvement

Description: This one-day course offered by the Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center is designed to help government sponsored boards and commissions, advocacy, business and neighborhood-based groups and individuals work collaboratively to create great communities through public involvement. Participants will learn organizational models and strategies for working together on pedestrian and bicycle transportation projects and safety programs. The intent is to achieve better outcomes that have community buy-in and support. Training objectives for this course include:

Target Audience: Citizens, business leaders, engineers, planners, traffic safety and enforcement professionals, public health and injury prevention professionals, and decision-makers who have the responsibility of implementing pedestrian and bicycle projects and programs at the state or local level.

For more information on this course, please visit

Featured Resource: Accessible Pedestrian Signals: A Guide to Best Practice

Accessible Pedestrian Signals: A Guide to Best Practice provides training information for engineers, orientation and mobility specialists, and signal technicians on when, where, and how to install accessible pedestrian signals (APS). The guidelines explain how APSs provide optimal information through media such as tones and tactile or verbal indicators, and under what circumstances their installation is recommended.

The Guide is designed to serve as a companion resource document to a one-day training course on accessible pedestrian signals. The training materials are intended to facilitate application of the guidelines and installation and operation of APS. This training is oriented toward technical issues and public education.

To access the PDF of this guide, please visit


FHWA releases Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes

The Federal Highway Administration Office Safety has released Toolbox of Countermeasures and Their Potential Effectiveness for Pedestrian Crashes. This issue brief includes estimates of the crash reduction that might be expected if a specific countermeasure or group of countermeasures is implemented with respect to pedestrian crashes. The crash reduction estimates are presented as Crash Reduction Factors (CRFs). As some studies reviewed included bicycle crashes in their analysis, some of the crash reduction estimates include bicyclists.

To access the document, please visit

FHWA's Environment & Planning Office issues call for research ideas related to bicycles, pedestrians and health

FHWA Headquarters-funded Environment and Planning areas of research (including Bicycles/Pedestrians and Health topics) have relied on a single funding source entitled STEP (Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program). The Bicycle and Pedestrian Team at FHWA is seeking input and suggestions for the lines of research that should be pursued within this emphasis area. The goals of the Bicycle /Pedestrian and Health emphasis area are to:

  1. Investigate and institutionalize the collection of bicycle and pedestrian trip/exposure data at national, State, and local levels;
  2. Provide technical knowledge and products needed by state and local officials in developing and implementing bicycle and pedestrian projects;
  3. Determine the health benefits of increased physical activity due to higher rates of bicycling and walking;
  4. Determine how to make the appropriate provision of bicycle and pedestrian projects a routine part of all transportation decisions; and
  5. Develop meaningful measures of effectiveness for bicycle and pedestrian projects and programs, such as quantifying environmental benefits due to improved walking and bicycling rates.

To submit comments, please visit and click on "Bicycle/ Pedestrian and Health" underneath the "Environment" heading. Please fill out the one-page form and submit by September 22. FHWA does not seek specific, detailed research proposals and discourages researchers from submitting proposals of that nature. Specific research work statements for this suggestion, if pursued under the STEP, would be crafted by FHWA, after careful consideration of stakeholder views. For more information, please contact Gabe Rousseau at or 202-366-8044.

Earn AICP CM Credits at 2008 Pro Walk/Pro Bike

During the Pro Walk/Pro Bike 2008 in Seattle this fall, a wide variety of presentations have been approved by the American Planning Association (APA) to receive AICP certification maintenance (CM) credits.

APA initiated the CM credits in 2007. Under its continuing education plan, any planner holding the AICP certification must earn 32 CM credits every two years in order to maintain their certification. The Pro Walk/Pro Bike 2008 conference will have presentations, workshops, and mobile workshops with CM credits available.

Visit the conference presentation schedule at

St. Louis expands regional network of greenways, parks & trails

St. Louis area residents can enjoy more economical transportation options for commuting, shopping and recreational activities, with more than 150 miles of completed greenways, trails and on-street bicycle lanes. The most recent developments include nearly tripling the number of dedicated on-street bicycle routes and shared traffic lanes for the Bike St. Louis program from 20 to 77 miles.

In addition, the McKinley Bridge Bikeway and Trestle at Branch Street has been completed, making St. Louis only the third city in the world, after the High Line in New York City and the Promenade Plantée in Paris, to convert a historic elevated steel trestle into a linear urban recreation amenity.

Both projects were led by the Great Rivers Greenway District, the public organization developing a unique, 600-mile web of 45 interconnected greenways, parks and trails, known as The River Ring, that will encircle and crisscross the St. Louis region. For more information, please visit

Pedestrian and Bicycle Issues in the News

The following is a brief compilation of pedestrian- and bicycle-related news stories from across the country. Web links to the following news stories are time sensitive, so some stories might not be accessible after the initial publication date without required registration.

Bicycle-Related News

A new fashion catches on in Paris: Cheap bicycle rentals
The New York Times
NY's Broadway becoming the Great Bike Way
Associated Press
These are not ordinary bike racks
Nogales International
Bicycle campaign gears up for campaign cycle
CQ Politics

Pedestrian-Related News

New web site allows users to get walkability ratings for any area
DC studies changes to improve pedestrian safety
Project aims to make center city more pedestrian-friendly
Metro updates sidewalk, bikeway plan
The Tennessean
Boro chosen to be 'walkable' community
South Bergenite
Park City police plan crosswalk crackdown
Deseret News

Upcoming Ped/Bike Events

34th International Forum on Traffic Records & Highway Safety Information Systems
7/27/2008 – 7/31/2008
Orlando, FL
New Zealand Walking Conference
8/4/2008 – 8/5/2008
Auckland, OT New Zealand
Institute of Transportation Engineers 2008 Annual Meeting and Exhibit
8/17/2008 – 8/20/2008
Anaheim, CA
2008 National Rural Transportation Conference
8/17/2008 – 8/19/2008
Duluth, MN
2008 Pro Walk/Pro Bike Conference
9/2/2008 – 9/5/2008
Seattle, Washington
Walk 21 Conference 2008
10/8/2008 –s 10/10/2008
Barcelona, Spain

Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center

730 Martin Luther King Jr. Blvd
Campus Box 3430
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3430
Phone: 1.877.925.5245
Fax: 919.962.8710