APPENDIX G: CRASH TYPING EXAMPLES

Contained in this appendix are 10 pedestrian crash reports and 10 bicycle crash reports that have been typed using PBCAT. These reports may be used as case study exercises for training on how to type crashes with the software. Provided at the end of each set of reports are the sequence of onscreen questions/directives encountered during the crash typing process and the correct responses. The answers shown are based on standard crash typing, not group typing. The report numbers that correspond to the answer sheets are found in the upper right-hand corner of the crash reports.



Figure 131. Codes for North Carolina Commission Report Forms

 



Figure 132. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 1

 



Figure 132. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 1 (continued)

 



Figure 133. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 2

 



Figure 133. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 2 (continued)

 



Figure 134. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 3

 



Figure 134. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 3(continued)

 



Figure 135. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 4

 



Figure 135. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 4 (continued)

 



Figure 136. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 5

 



Figure 136. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 5(continued)

 



Figure 137. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 6

 



Figure 137. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 6 (continued)

 



Figure 138. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 7

 



Figure 138. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 7 (continued)

 



Figure 139. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 8

 



Figure 139. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 8 (continued)

 



Figure 140. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 9

 



Figure 140. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 9 (continued)

 



Figure 141. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 10

 



Figure 141. North Carolina Crash Report—Number 10 (continued)

 

Table 14. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Pedestrian Crashes

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

1

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonroadway Location


Ped position—nonroadway

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

Other Nonroadway Areas


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

Backing Vehicle


Backing Vehicle

Where did the backing vehicle strike the pedestrian?

In a Parking Lot

Crash Type: Backing Vehicle—Parking Lot (Number 214)





2

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonroadway Location


Ped position—nonroadway

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

Other Nonroadway Areas


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

Emergency Vehicle-Related

Crash Type: Emergency Vehicle-Related (Number 240)





3

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonroadway Location


Ped position—nonroadway

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

Other Nonroadway Areas


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

Other Unusual Circumstances



Table 14. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Pedestrian Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

Crash Type: Other Unusual Circumstances (Number 190)

4

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Intersection


Ped position—intersection or intersection-related

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

Within a Crosswalk, Marked or Unmarked


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

None of the Above


Unusual Pedestrian Action Crash

The pedestrian was struck while performing which of the following actions:

None of the Above


Intersection Crash—Typical Pedestrian Action

Which of the following best describes the pedestrian action at the time of the crash?

Crossing the Roadway or In the Roadway


Crossing/In Roadway—Intersection

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Turn/Merge


Turn/Merge—Intersection

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Left Turn—Parallel Paths

Crash Type: Motorist Left Turn—Parallel Paths (No. 781)

Table 14. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Pedestrian Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

5

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Ped position—nonintersection

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

On a Roadway, in a Travel Lane


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

None of the Above


Unusual Pedestrian Action Crash

The pedestrian was struck while performing which of the following actions:

None of the Above


Nonintersection Crash—Typical Pedestrian Action

Which of the following best describes the pedestrian action at the time of the crash?

Walking Along Roadway


Walking Along Roadway – Nonintersection

The pedestrian was:

Walking/running with Traffic and Was Struck from Behind

Crash Type: Walking Along Roadway With Traffic—From Behind (Number 410)

Table 14. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Pedestrian Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

6

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Ped position—nonintersection

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

On a Roadway, in a Travel Lane


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

None of the Above


Unusual Pedestrian Action Crash

The pedestrian was struck while performing which of the following actions:

None of the Above


Nonintersection Crash—Typical Pedestrian Action

Which of the following best describes the pedestrian action at the time of the crash?

Crossing the Roadway or In the Roadway


Crossing/In Roadway – Nonintersection

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Turn/Merge


Turn/Merge—Nonintersection

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Turn/merge—Other/Unknown

Crash Type: Motorist Turn/Merge—Other/Unknown (Number 799)




Table 14. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Pedestrian Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

7

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Intersection-related


Ped position—intersection or intersection-related

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

On a Roadway, in a Travel Lane


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

None of the Above


Unusual Pedestrian Action Crash

The pedestrian was struck while performing which of the following actions:

None of the Above


Intersection Crash—Typical Pedestrian Action

Which of the following best describes the pedestrian action at the time of the crash?

Crossing the Roadway or In the Roadway


Crossing/In Roadway—Intersection

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Dart-Out

Crash Type: Dart-Out (Number 742)

8

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Ped position—Nonintersection

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

On a Roadway, in a Travel Lane


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

Disabled Vehicle-Related

Crash Type: Disabled Vehicle-Related (Number 230)



Table 14. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Pedestrian Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

9

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Intersection


Ped position—Nonintersection

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

On a Roadway, in a Travel Lane


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

None of the Above


Unusual Pedestrian Action Crash

The pedestrian was struck while performing which of the following actions:

Commercial Bus-Related

Crash Type: Commercial Bus-Related (Number 341)


10

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonroadway Location


Ped position- Nonroadway

What was the position of the pedestrian when struck?

Other Nonroadway Areas


Unusual Circumstances Crash

The crash was the result of which of the following unusual circumstances:

None of the Above


Unusual Vehicle Type/Vehicle Action Crash

The crash involved which of the following vehicle types or vehicle actions:

Driverless Vehicle

Crash Type: Driverless Vehicle (Number 220)

 



Figure 142. Florida Crash Report—Report 1

 



Figure 142. Florida Crash Report—Report 1 (continued)

 



Figure 142. Florida Crash Report—Report 1 (continued)

 



Figure 143. Florida Crash Report—Report 2

 



Figure 143. Florida Crash Report—Report 2 (continued)

 



Figure 143. Florida Crash Report—Report 2 (continued)

 



Figure 144. Florida Crash Report—Report 3

 



Figure 144. Florida Crash Report—Report 3 (continued)

 

igure Figure 144. Florida Crash Report—Report 3 (continued)

 



Figure 145. Florida Crash Report—Report 4

 



Figure 145. Florida Crash Report—Report 4 (continued)

 



Figure 145. Florida Crash Report—Report 4 (continued)

 



Figure 146. Florida Crash Report—Report 5

 



Figure 146. Florida Crash Report—Report 5 (continued)

 



Figure 146. Florida Crash Report—Report 5 (continued)

 



Figure 147. Florida Crash Report—Report 6

 



Figure 147. Florida Crash Report—Report 6 (continued)

 



Figure 147. Florida Crash Report—Report 6 (continued)

 



Figure 148. Florida Crash Report—Report 7

 



Figure 148. Florida Crash Report—Report 7 (continued)

 



Figure 148. Florida Crash Report—Report 7 (continued)

 



Figure 149. Florida Crash Report—Report 8

 



Figure 149. Florida Crash Report—Report 8 (continued)

 

igure Figure 149. Florida Crash Report—Report 8 (continued)

 



Figure 150. Florida Crash Report—Report 9

 



Figure 150. Florida Crash Report—Report 9 (continued)

 



Figure 150. Florida Crash Report—Report 9 (continued)

 



Figure 151. Florida Crash Report—Report 10

 



Figure 151. Florida Crash Report—Report 10 (continued)

 



Figure 151. Florida Crash Report—Report 10(continued)

 

Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

1

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Intersection


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Sidewalk, Crosswalk, or Driveway Crossing


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

Facing traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Crossing Paths


Crossing Path Crash – Intersection

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Drive/Ride—Out/Through


Type of Traffic Control

What type of traffic control was present at the intersection?

Stop Signs, Yield Signs, or Flashing Signals


Sign-Controlled Intersection Crash

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Motorist Drive-Out

Crash Type: Motorist Drive-Out—Sign-Controlled Intersection (Number 141)

Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

2

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Intersection


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Sidewalk, Crosswalk, or Driveway Crossing


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

Facing traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Crossing Paths


Crossing Path Crash – Intersection

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Drive/Ride—Out/Through


Type of Traffic Control

What type of traffic control was present at the intersection?

Traffic signals


Signal-Controlled Intersection Crash

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Motorist Drive-Out


Right Turn on Red—Crossing Path

Was the motorist making a right turn on red?

Yes

Crash Type: Motorist Drive-Out—Right Turn on Red (No. 151)




Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

3

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Roadway, in a Shared Travel Lane


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

With traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Parallel Paths


Parallel Path Crash

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Motorist Turned or Merged


Motorist Turned or Merged

Which of the following best describes the maneuver of the motorist?

Right Turn—Same Direction


Right turn on red—same direction

Was motorist making a right turn on red?

No or Unknown

Crash Type: Motorist Right Turn—Same Direction (Number 213)



Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

4

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Sidewalk, Crosswalk, or Driveway Crossing


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

Facing traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describes the crash?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Crossing Paths


Crossing Path Crash – Nonintersection

Which of the following scenarios best describes the crash?

Motorist Drive-Out


Motorist Drive-Out – Nonintersection

From where did the motorist come?

Commercial Driveway or Alley

Crash Type: Motorist Drive-Out—Commercial Driveway/Alley (Number 322)

Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

5

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Sidewalk, Crosswalk, or Driveway Crossing


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

Not Applicable


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Crossing Paths


Crossing Path Crash – Nonintersection

Which of the following scenarios best describes the crash?

Bicyclist Ride-out


Bicyclist Ride-out – Nonintersection

From where did the motorist come?

Other Midblock Location

Crash Type: Bicyclist Ride-out—Other Midblock (Number 318)



Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

6

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Intersection


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Roadway, in a Shared Travel Lane


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

With traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Parallel Paths


Parallel Path Crash

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Motorist Turned or Merged


Motorist Turned or Merged

Which of the following best describes the maneuver of the motorist?

Left Turn—Opposite Direction

Crash Type: Motorist Left-Turn—Opposite Direction (Number 212)


Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

7

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonroadway Location


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

Other Nonroadway Areas (Parking Lot, Open Areas, etc.)

Crash Type: Nonroadway (Number 910)


8

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Roadway, in a Shared Travel Lane


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

Facing traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Parallel Paths


Parallel Path Crash

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Head-On


Head—on crash

Which operator was traveling in the wrong direction/travel lane?

Bicyclist

Crash Type: Head-On—Bicyclist (Number 250)



Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

9

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Roadway, in a Shared Travel Lane


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

With traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Parallel Paths


Parallel Path Crash

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Bicyclist Turned or Merged


Bicyclist Turned or Merged

Which of the following scenarios best describes the maneuver of the bicyclist?

Left Turn—Same Direction

Crash Type: Bicyclist Left-Turn—Same Direction (Number 221)


Table 15. Correct Responses to the Crash Typing Logic for the 10 Sample Bicycle Crashes (continued)

Report No.

Screen Header

Question

Correct Response

10

Crash Location

Where did the crash occur?

Nonintersection Location


Bicyclist Position

What was the initial position of the bicyclist?

On a Sidewalk, Crosswalk, or Driveway Crossing


Bicyclist Direction

In what direction was the bicyclist initially traveling prior to being struck or prior to making any turns which caused the crash?

With traffic


Unusual/Specific Circumstances

Which of the following unusual or specific circumstances best describe?

None of the Above


Initial Approach Paths

What were the initial approach paths for the bicyclist and motorist?

Parallel Paths


Parallel Path Crash

Which of the following best describes the circumstances of the crash?

Bicyclist Turned or Merged


Bicyclist Turned or Merged

Which of the following scenarios best describes the maneuver of the bicyclist?

Ride-out

Crash Type: Bicyclist Ride-out—Parallel Path (Number 225)