Campus Hub Assessment

One of the most basic methods to assess pedestrian and bicycle safety is to identify campus hubs, or typical locations that are likely to experience high numbers of pedestrian and bicycle crashes. Types of locations that are often associated with concentrations of crashes include:

  • Campus activity hubs. These are major trip attractors or generators such as libraries, student centers, eateries, plazas, major parking facilities, and dormitories.
  • Campus access hubs. These are locations on the campus boundary used to enter or exit the campus. Examples include roadway intersections as well as locations where pedestrian and bicycle overpasses, underpasses, and bridges meet roadways.
  • Through-traffic hubs. These are locations where major roadways pass through or near the campus environment. Motorized traffic on these roadways is often traveling to other destinations besides the campus. Intersections along these major roadways should be explored for pedestrian and bicycle safety improvements.

Considerations: Campus hubs are often locations with high levels of pedestrian or bicycle activity, but they may not actually have pedestrian or bicycle safety problems. This method does not provide a way to determine which hubs have more of a safety problem than others. Once a hub is identified, additional field study is needed to determine if and what types of safety problems exist at that location.

Applications: These three types of hubs were recommended in a recent study of pedestrian and bicycle safety on three California campuses (Loukaitou-Sideris et al. 2014). An advantage of this approach is to identify locations of interest without allocating significant resources for data collection and analysis.

University of California, Berkeley students cross a through-traffic hub (Bancroft Avenue) near an activity hub (The Martin Luther King Jr. Student Union.)

University of California, Berkeley students cross a through-traffic hub at the Martin Luther King Jr. Student Union.
Photo by Robert J. Schneider

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