Policies and Planning:
Resources

532 results found. Listed below are the most recent Policies and Planning resources. To view or search through all resources, visit our library search.


Understanding How the Built Environment Around TTA Stops Affects Ridership

Source: Department of City and Regional Planning, UNC-Chapel Hill
"This study determines the characteristics of urban development that related to Triangle Transit Authority (TTA) bus ridership levels in the Triangle region of North Carolina."
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Method of Improving Pedestrian Safety Proactively with Geographic Information Systems

Source: Transportation Research Record
"The proactive data integration technique developed in this study was applied to pedestrian safety problems on a college campus, aiding the process of planning and implementing various countermeasures related to education,
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An accident waiting to happen

Source: Accident Analysis and Prevention
"There are about 75,000 pedestrian crashes in the United States each year. Approximately 5000 of these crashes are fatal, accounting for 12% of all roadway deaths. On college campuses, pedestrian exposure and crash-
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Recreational Trails Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Federal transportation funds benefit recreation by making funds available to the States to develop and maintain recreational trails and trail-related facilities for both nonmotorized and motorized recreational trail uses.
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Context Sensitive Solutions in Designing major Urban Thoroughfares for Walkable Communities

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This report provides guidance and demonstrates for practitioners how context sensitive solutions (CSS) cocepts and principles may be applied in roadway improvement projects that are consistent with their physical settings.
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Making Walking and Cycling Safer

Source: Transportation Quarterly, Vol. 54, No. 3
This document outlines programs in Germany and the Netherlands that have improved mobility through non-motorized modes of transportation.
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Interim Report to the U.S. Congress on the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program SAFETEA-LU Section 1807

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This interim report summarizes progress and initial results of the Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) and the four pilot communities' participation in the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (
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Database of Dutch Laws for Various Travel Modes

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
This database of laws and measures can be searched by multiple variables, including mode of travel, time period, and type of law.
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New Zealand Non-Motorised User Review Procedures

Source: Land Transport New Zealand
This process ensures that the needs of people who wish to walk, cycle or, where relevant, ride a horse, are considered when works are being planned and designed.
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The National Bicycling and Walking Study

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report draws upon all of the work completed until 1994 in outlining a plan of action to promote bicycling and walking as viable transportation options for more Americans.
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Bicycle/Pedestrian Planning Strategies

Source: Center for Transportation and the Environment
The Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA- LU), passed by Congress in 2005, provides new provisions and expands previous legislation that support bicycle and pedestrian programming,
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New Zealand Pedestrian Planning and Design Guide

Source: New Zealand Transport Agency
This guide outlines a process for deciding on the type of provision that should be made for pedestrians and provides design advice and standards.
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Bicycling and Walking in the Nineties and Beyond

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary output of this Scandinavian activity is the expertise gained in new techologies, practices, and policies, and the examination of their suitability for application in the US.
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FHWA Study Tour for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety in England, Germany, and The Netherlands

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report documents the findings of a US team that visited England, the Netherlands, and Germany, to learn about policies for improving pedestrian and bicyclist safety.
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A Low-Cost Way to Improve Walkability

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Resurfaced roads, repaired sidewalks, 50 volunteers, 12 businesses, 32 trees and several gallons of paint changed this neglected street into an inviting, walkable place.
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Sidewalk Planning: A GIS-Based Approach

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A custom GIS-based toolset was developed to accurately identify potential sidewalk construction and maintenance projects, score and prioritize these projects using weighted comparisons, and provide cost estimates.
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International Scan Summary Report on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This report presents the findings of a team of transportation officials who visited five countries in Europe to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility.
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Surface Transportation Environment and Planning (STEP) Cooperative Research Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The general objective of the STEP is to improve understanding of the complex relationship between surface transportation, planning and the environment.
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Guide for Review and Assessment of Local Mobility Plans

Source: Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT), Center for Urban Transportation Research
This report sets forth a proposed practice to guide the review of mobility plans with respect to supporting alternative modes, reducing vehicle miles of travel, and enhancing the multimodal environment.
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Pedestrian Safety Guidelines

Source: Carson Area Metropolitan Planning Organization (CAMPO)
The primary goal of these guidelines is to offer recommendations on how to enhance the pedestrian safety within the CAMPO area.
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Model Design Manual for Living Streets

Source: Ryan Snyder Associates
This manual focuses on all users and all modes, seeking to achieve balanced street design that accommodates cars while ensuring that pedestrians, cyclists and transit users can travel safely and comfortably.
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Better Streets, Better Cities

Source: Institute for Transportation & Development Policy (ITDP), Environmental Planning Collaborative (EPC)
This manual is intended for planners, designers, engineers, government officials and citizens who are interested in improving the quality of urban environments and the character of streets in our cities.
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Spotlight on Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
FHWA's aggressive approach to reducing the fatality rate in 13 States and 5 municipalities is showing promising results.
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Walking and Cycling in the United States, 2001–2009

Source: American Journal of Public Health
This paper examines trends in walking and bicycling based on data collected in the 2001 and 2009 National Household Travel Surveys.
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Deployment of Practical Methods for Counting Bicycle and Pedestrian Use of a Transportation Facility

Source: University of Minnesota Center for Transportation Studies
This paper presents a method for counting pedestrians and bicyclists using video data.
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New Jersey Safety along Railroads: Short-Term Action Plan

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This action plan was developed to improve pedestrian safety near rail corridors in New Jersey.
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Transportation and the New Generation

Source: Frontier Group, US PIRG Education Fund
This paper explores trends in vehicle miles traveled among young people in the United States, and related impacts on policy.
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Active Transportation Beyond Urban Centers

Source: Rails to Trails Conservancy
This report highlights the importance of bicycling and walking outside of urban areas.
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Community Design and the Incidence of Crashes Involving Pedestrians and Motorists Aged 75 and Over

Source: University Transportation Center for Mobility, Texas Transportation Institute (TTI)
This study employs a series of negative binomial regression models to understand how urban form may affect the incidence of total and killed-or-severely-injured (KSI) crashes involving older drivers and pedestrians.
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Creating Walkable and Bikeable Communities

Source: Initiative for Bicycle and Pedestrian Innovation (IBPI), Alta Planning and Design
This guidebook is intended to help communities strategically plan for bicycle and pedestrian transportation.
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Smart Growth and Economic Success

Source: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
This report is the first in a series from EPA's Smart Growth Program designed to inform developers, businesses, local government, and other groups about the benefits of smart growth development.
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Metropolitan Area Transportation Planning for Healthy Communities

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), John A. Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
The purpose of this white paper is to identify an integrated and flexible approach to how MPOs and their partners can successfully consider health during the transportation planning process.
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Evaluating Complete Streets

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report discusses reasons to implement complete streets and how it relates to other planning innovations.
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Counting Bicyclists and Pedestrians to Inform Transportation Planning

Source: Active Living Research
This brief describes these types of technologies for counting bicycles and pedestrians and the benefits and challenges associated with different approaches.
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Re: Streets

Source: Re: Streets Initiative
re: Streets is a multi-disciplinary collaboration focused on the planning, design and construction of streets as a method for improving our built environment.
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Examining Consumer Behavior and Travel Choices

Source: Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium
This study examines links between consumer behavior and mode of transportation used to access local destinations, with the goal of providing the evidence needed to inform decision making.
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Walk this Way

Source: Brookings Institution Metropolitan Policy Program
This paper presents information about the economic benefits of walkability in Washington, D.C.
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Pedestrian Safety

Source: Global Road Safety Partnership
This report discusses the magnitude of pedestrian deaths and injuries, key risk factors, and how to assess an area's pedestrian safety situation.
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Costs for Pedestrian and Bicycle Infrastructure Improvements

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Active Living Research Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document is intended to provide meaningful estimates of infrastructure costs for pedestrian and bicycle treatments in states and cities across the country.
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Costs for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Infrastructure Improvements Summary Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Active Living Research Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes a recent effort to collect cost information for a variety of pedestrian and bicycle countermeasures.
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NACTO Urban Street Design Guide

Source: National Associtation of City Transportation Officials (NACTO)
The Urban Street Design Guide charts the principles and practices of the nation's foremost engineers, planners, and designers working in cities today.
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Pedestrians’ Valuations of Footpaths

Source: Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI)
This report considers how cost-benefit analyses can explain the extent to which different improvements in the walking environment can affect people's decisions to walk on certain routes.
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A Technical Guide for Conducting Pedestrian Safety Assessments for California Communities

Source: University of California, Berkeley Institute of Transportation Studies
The first edition of this guidebook was based on material contained in the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) report, Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists (July 2007).
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Methods for Estimating Bicycling and Walking in Washington State

Source: Washington State Department of Transportation
This report summarizes recommendations for how to improve WSDOT's Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project and an outline of how BMT and PMT could be estimated.
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States: 2014 Benchmarking Report

Source: Alliance for Biking and Walking
The Report combines original research with over 20 government data sources to compile data on bicycling and walking levels and demographics, safety, funding, policies, and a variety of other metrics.
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Design and Implementation of Pedestrian- and Bicycle-Specific Data Collection Methods in Oregon

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes a comprehensive review of pedestrian and bicycle data collection methods and counting technologies.
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Estimating Bicycling and Walking for Planning and Project Development: A Guidebook

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This guidebook is designed to help transportation and community planners account more effectively for pedestrian and bicycle activity (demand) in plans and projects.
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Moving an Age-Friendly DC

Source: Coalition for Smarter Growth
This report addresses age-friendly transportation by focusing on how to improve three key areas of transportation: the pedestrian environment; public transit; and coordinating paratransit, community transportation,
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Statewide Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning Handbook

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this handbook is to help State departments of transportation (DOTs) develop or update State pedestrian and bicycle plans. Based on research including interviews with nine State DOTs and critical evaluations of plans and associated documents from 15 States (
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Crowdsourcing Pedestrian and Cyclist Activity Data

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Fehr and Peers
This paper explores how crowdsourced pedestrian and bicylist activity data can be captured to supporting research and planning activities.
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Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Volume Data Collection

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
NCHRP Report 797 describes methods and technologies for counting pedestrians and bicyclists and offers guidance on developing a non-motorized count program.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Forecasting Tools: State of the Practice

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Fehr & Peers
This white paper summarizes the state of the practice of bicycle and pedestrian forecasting tools, and suggests potential next steps to improve them.
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Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide

Source: FHWA
This Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide outlines planning considerations for separated bike lanes (also sometimes called "cycle tracks" or "protected bike lanes") and provides a menu of design optionscovering typical one and two-
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Minnesota DOT Bicycle and Pedestrian Data Collection Manual

Source: Minnesota Department of Transportation
This manual summarizes the Minnesota DOT statewide bicycle and pedestrian data collection program, including goals, types of data to collect and best practices for sensor calibration and data analysis.
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Smart Growth Self Assessment for Rural Communities

Source: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
The Smart Growth Self-Assessment for Rural Communities is a compilation of strategies, organized by 11 common "goal areas," that villages, towns, and small cities can use to evaluate their existing policies to create healthy,
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Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks (Volume I)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA, UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report provides an overview of pedestrian and bicycle network principles and highlights examples from communities across the country.
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Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings

Source: Transit Cooperative Research Program and National Cooperative Highway Research Program
TCRP Report 112/NCHRP Report 562: Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings will be of interest to state, county, and city traffic engineers; transit agencies; roadway designers; and urban planners,
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Methodology for Linking Greenways and Trails with Public Transportation in Florida

Source: National Center for Transportation Research (NCTR)
The purpose of this research was to provide a methodology to evaluate how intermodal connections between public transportation and public trails can improve livability in Florida communities.
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Vision Zero Cities 2016

Source: Transporation Alternatives
Vision Zero Cities features insights from an international braintrust of experts in the public and private sector.
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States 2016

Source: Alliance for Biking and Walking
The Alliance for Biking & Walking has been tracking data across the U.S. through the Benchmarking Project since 2003. Every two years, the project team releases an updated report with the most recent data available,
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Pursuing Equity in Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This white paper discusses ways transportation planners and others can work to incorporate the pedestrian and bicycle needs of traditionally underserved communities into their transportation planning.
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Guidebook for Developing Pedestrian and Bicycle Performance Measures

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guidebook is intended to help communities develop performance measures that can fully integrate pedestrian and bicycle planning in ongoing performance management activities.
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Improving Pedestrian and Bicycle Connectivity During Rehabilitation of Existing Bridges

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Fehr & Peers Transportation Consultants
This paper highlight opportunities for enhancing pedestrian and bicycle accommodations during rehabilitation of existing bridges.
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Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks (Volume II)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This is the second volume of a report documenting network-enhancing projects from around the country.
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National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT)
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study.
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PEDSAFE: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who walk. The online tools provide the user with a list of possible engineering,
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Walkability Checklist

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
Includes questions to evaluate a neighborhood's walkability as well as solutions to a neighborhood's potential problems.
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Pedestrian Synthesis Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The following document summarizes research on pedestrian safety in the United States with a focus on crash characteristics and the safety effects of various roadway features and traffic-control devices;
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This brief summary highlights the findings from the National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes.
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Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Overview of Methods

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. The guidebook describes and compares the various methods that can be used to forecast non-
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Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the effects of pedestrians and bicyclists on the capacity of signalized intersections. These procedures augment the existing Highway Capacity Manual signalized intersection Level of Service procedures for locations with substantial pedestrian and/
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Strategic Planning Research Workshops

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report presents a summary of the workshop activities, recommendations from the participants, and a series of white papers on a variety of pedestrian and bicycle issues requiring further research.
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An Evaluation of Illuminated Pedestrian Push Buttons in Windsor, Ontario

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This paper evaluates illuminated push buttons at four intersections in Windsor, Ontario. The research reported here is part of a larger national effort to evaluate the operational and safety effects of various pedestrian treatments:
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An Evaluation of Technologies for Automated Detection and Classification of Pedestrians and Bicylists

Source: Massachusetts Highway Department & Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this research was to identify and evaluate existing automated technologies that may accurately and effeciently detect, count, and classify non-motorized modes of transportation (i.e.
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Capacity Analysis of Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This document contains both new and revised procedures for analyzing various types of exclusive and mixed-use pedestrian facilities. It also includes a comprehensive set of recommended service measures of effectiveness,
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Safety Effects of Marked vs Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to determine whether marked crosswalks at uncontrolled locations are safer than unmarked crosswalks under various traffic and roadway conditions. Another objective was to providerecommendations on how to provide safer crossings for pedestrians.
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The Effects of Innovative Pedestrian Signs at Unsignalized Locations: A Tale of Three Treatments

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This paper is part of a national-level research effort to evaluate the operational and safety effects of various pedestrian treatments, and summarizes past research in this field.
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An Evaluation of High-Visibility Crosswalk Treatment

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The overall objective was to evaluate the effect of a novel illuminated overhead crosswalk sign and high-visibility ladder style crosswalk markings on driver and pedestrian behavior at nonsignalized intersections in Clearwater,
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Community Toolbox

Source: National Park Service
The Community Toolbox is a set of techniques for project development and community participation. There are tools to get organized and aid with events, outreach, publicity, decision making, and more.
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Design Guidance Accommodating Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel: A Recommended Approach

Source: United States Department of Transportation
This policy statement adopted by the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) offers recommendations to public agencies, professional associations, advocacy groups, and others for integrating bicycling and walking into the transportation mainstream.
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A Checklist for Accessible Sidewalks and Street Crossings

Source: United States Access Board
ADA checklist for accessible sidewalks and street crossings.
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Building a True Community

Source: US Access Board
The following report is a recommendation for a new national set of guidelines that define the details necessary to make the streetscapes in public rights-of-way accessible to all users.
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Detectable Warnings Memorandum and Synthesis

Source: United States Department of Transportaion, Federal Highway Administration
Americans with Disabilities Act Title II Memorandum concerning the use of detectable warnings, specifically truncated domes.
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Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Part I

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The guides Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Parts 1 and 2 provide the state of the art practice for applying the American with Disabilities Act (ADA) and similar requirements to pedestrian facilities.
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Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Part II

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook is the second part of a two-phase project focused on designing sidewalks and trails for access. It was created to provide planners, designers, and transportation engineers with a better understanding of how sidewalks and trails should be developed to promote pedestrian access for all users,
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Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers
Design and Safety of Pedestrian Facilities, A Recommended Practice of the Institute of Transportation Engineers is intended to provide guidance on how to implement a comprehensive program of engineering,
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National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report

Source: United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States.
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Bicycle/Pedestrian Trip Generation Workshop

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document is a summary of the results of a 1996 FHWA sponsored workshop to discuss trip generation.
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Walkable Communities, Inc.

Source: Walkable Communities, Inc.
Walkable Communities is dedicated to helping whole communities, whether they are large cities, small towns, or parts of communities,become more walkable and pedestrian friendly.
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Surface Transportation Policy Project

Source: Surface Transportation Policy Project
The Surface Transportation Policy Project is a diverse, nationwide coalition working to ensure safer communities and smarter transportation choices that enhance the economy, improve public health, promote social equity,
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How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan offers guidance that can help municipalities determine and solve their pedestrian safety concerns, from identifying pedestrian safety problems to obtaining funding and enacting change.
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Americans with Disabilities Act and the Architectural Barriers Act Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities (ADA-ABA)

Source: United States Access Board
This document contains scoping and technical requirements for accessibility to sites, facilities, buildings, and elements by individuals with disabilities, particularly as applies to walking surfaces.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Data Collection in United States Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study presents methods for collection of pedestrian and bicycle data.
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Guide for the Planning, Design and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities

Source: The American Association of State and Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
The purpose of this guide is to provide guidance on the planning, design, and operation of pedestrian facilities along streets and highways.
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Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Supporting Documentation

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. Supporting Documentation provides substantially more detail on the methods including purpose,
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Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking

Source: Rails to Trails Conservancy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "Best Practices" report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States.
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International Synthesis Report: Sweden

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in Sweden (in particular) with some attention to similar research in other Scandinavian countries.
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International Synthesis Report: Netherlands

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report is a review of recent pedestrian safety research in the Netherlands. It addresses several topics, reporting findings and providing a comprehensive list of references.
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International Synthesis Report: Australia

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Australian research and activities regarding pedestrian safety.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT)

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT) is a crash typing software product intended to assist state and local pedestrian/bicycle coordinators, planners and engineers with improving walking and bicycling safety through the development and analysis of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists.
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Pedestrian Crosswalk Case Studies

Source: Highway Safety Administration
The overall objective of the research was to determine the effect of crosswalk markings on driver and pedestrian behavior at unsignalized intersections.
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Pedestrian Facilities Users Guide

Source: Highway Safety Research Center
This guide provides useful information regarding walkable environments, pedestrian crashes and their countermeasures, and engineering improvements for pedestrians.
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Evaluation of Safety, Design, and Operation of Shared Use Paths

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations.
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Pedestrian Safety in Native America

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Since American Indians have the highest rates of pedestrian injury and fatality in the country, this study was performed to typify crashes among American Indians in the United States.
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Pedsmart

Source: Highway Safety Research Center
Explores the recent developments in hardware and other technologies offering the potential of improving pedestrian safety and access by addressing specific problems associated with crossing the street.
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Sustaining and Growing an Organization

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A guide to creating, sustaining, and growing an organization, with emphasis placed on computers, staff, volunteers, and members.
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The Effects of Traffic Calming Measures on Pedestrian and Motorist Behavior

Source: Highway Safety Administration
Whereas earlier studies usually focused on vehicle speeds and volumes, this study looked at motorist yielding and pedestrian crossing behavior, in addition to vehicle speeds.
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Eighth United States-Japan Workshop on Advanced Technology in Highway Engineering

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes the 8th U.S.- Japan Workshop on Pedestrian and Nighttime Safety. Focus areas included general trends in the U.S. and Japan, funding, disabled and elderly pedestrians, Geographic Information Systems (
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A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Volume 10: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions involving pedestrians.
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Enhancing America's Communities

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This third edition of Enhancing America's Communities highlights a variety of transportation enhancement projects from around the country, showcasing the potential of TE to build strong places through targeted transportation investments.
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A Quick Guide to Transportation Enhancements

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This brochure discusses the Transportation Enhancement Program and Transportation Enhancements.
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A Review of the Impacts of the Towaway Reporting Threshold on a Highway Safety Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study reviews the potential impacts of a towaway reporting threshold on the North Carolina Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) listings and on the locations and types of crash patterns identified on collision diagrams by field engineers.
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Centers for Disease Control Injury Fact Book

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This document looks at the nature and costs of injuries in the United States. Information on pedestrian injuries may be found on page 66 of the document, and information on road traffic safety starts on page 71.
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Changing Directions: Federal Transportation Spending in the 1990s

Source: Surface Transportation Policy Project
In this report, the Surface Transportation Policy Project analyzes ten years of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fiscal Management Information System as well as reports from the Federal Transit Administration that track how the states have spent federal transportation dollars.
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Creating a Healthy Environment: The Impact of the Built Environment on Public Health

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
This report looks at the impact that land-use decisions have on public health. "In this monograph, [the authors] address...land-use decisions, discuss how they affect our health, and offer some suggestions on how public health professionals can collaborate with their colleagues in land-
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Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
This report discusses the criteria used to evaluate highway and street designs, including the presence of bicycle and pedestrian traffic
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Economic Impacts of Protecting Rivers, Trails, and Greenway Corridors

Source: Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance, National Park Service
This report is intended to be a compilation of the most recent information on parks, trails, and greenways.
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Effects of a Towaway Reporting Threshold on Crash Analysis Results

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This paper attempts to quantify the expected effects on data analysis capabilities when different crash reporting thresholds are altered.
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Enhancing America's Communities

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This guide, in its second edition, is a road map for navigating your way through the transportation enhancement process.
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Evaluation of Lane Reduction "Road Diet" Measures and Their Effects on Crashes and Injuries

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the safety benefits of road diets.
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GIS Tools for Improving Pedestrian and Bike Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This TechBrief discusses the use of GIS software to improve pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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Guidelines for Developing Traffic Safety Educational Materials for Spanish-Speaking Audiences

Source: Education Development Center, Inc., National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This guidebook is designed for organizations seeking to create, or to help others create, culturally and linguistically appropriate traffic safety educational materials for Spanish-speaking audiences.
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Highway Safety Needs of U.S. Hispanic Communities: Issues and Strategies

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report discusses the highway safety needs of Hispanic communities.
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New Jersey Congestion, Security, and Safety Initiative

Source: Center for Advanced Infastructure and Transportation (CAIT) at Rutgers University, The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This project examines the relationship between effective national transportation congestion, security, and safety technology transfer applications.
Read More >

 

NJ Walks and Bikes: Common Ground Conference Report

Source: Voorhees Transportation Center
This paper represents the final report from a conference that explored how community design can support healthy lifestyles, specifically through the advancement of walking and biking.
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Pedestrian Access to Roundabouts: Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments to Improve Access

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report describes two related studies intended to address double-lane roundabout accessibility issues for visually impaired pedestrians.
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Pedestrian Safety and Mobility Aids for Crossings at Bus Stops

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation, The Federal Highway Administration
This paper describes a project initiated by the New Jersey Department of Transportation (NJDOT) and New Jersey Transit Corporation (NJ TRANSIT) to investigate solutions poor mid-block crossings that would benefit pedestrians and encourage mass transit ridership.
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Pedestrian Safety and Transit Corridors

Source: Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC), Washington State Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
This research examines the relationship between pedestrian accident locations on state-owned facilities (highways and urban arterials) and the presence of rider boardings and alightings from bus transit.
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Promoting Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety to Hispanic Audiences

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This marketing plan, which uses available reference materials and additional research in the form of focus group session results, showcases a strategy for marketing pedestrian and bicycle safety issues/
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Rails with Trails

Source: Rails-to-Trails Conservancy; National Park Service; Rails, Trails, and Conservation Assistance Program
This report is designed to help planners answer questions such as: "Are rails-with-trails safe?;" "Will a rail-with-trail work in our community?;" How do we design our rail-with-
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Reducing Childhood Pedestrian Injuries: Proceedings of a Multidisciplinary Conference

Source: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
This document is the report of a two-day conference of intense discussion about child pedestrian safety. It features position papers prepared in advance, as well as an expert's formal response at the meeting and the questions and answers that followed.
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Socioeconomics of Urban Travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS

Source: Transportation Quarterly
This paper summarizes the socioeconomic issues with the transportation system as illuminated by the 2001 National Household Travel Survey.
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Space Syntax: An Innovative Pedestrian Volume Modeling Tool for Pedestrian Safety

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper describes an innovative pedestrian modeling technique known as Space Syntax, which was used to create estimates of pedestrian volumes for the city of Oakland, California.
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Finding Matching Funds for Trail Projects

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report discusses various funding sources for trail projects using a number of resources readily available to all communities. The document uses case studies to illustrate the successful use of networking,
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Innovative Financing for Transportation Enhancements Projects

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report discusses various funding sources for Transportation projects using a number of resources readily available to all communities. The document uses local case studies to illustrate the successful use of several types of legislative provision.
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The Effect of Crosswalk Markings on Vehicle Speeds in Maryland, Virginia, and Arizona

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the effect of pavement markings on pedestrian safety at six sites in three states.
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Active Living Research Briefing

Source: Active Living Research
This summary is an overview of peer-reviewed research from health, transportation, and recreation literature about active living and activity-friendly environments.
Read More >

 

Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: Sources, Needs, & Gaps

Source: USDOT and Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This review of existing data and data needs was based on outreach to user groups that included planners, advocates, and researchers at federal, state, and local government agencies, universities, and nonprofit organizations.
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Characteristics of Emerging Road Users and Their Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study identifies the operational characteristics of an increasingly diverse group of trail and other nonmotorized transportation users.
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Guidelines and Recommendations to Accommodate Older Drivers and Pedestrians

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This project updated, revised, and expanded the scope of the Older Driver Highway Design Handbook published by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in 1998.
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Safe Kids Worldwide Global Road Safety

Source: Safe Kids Worldwide, United Nations
This report provides information on several Safe Kids Worldwide road safety programs in different countries. Summaries describe the particular problem to be treated, the solution, the program used, and outcomes.
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The Pedestrian and Bicyclist Highway Safety Problem as it Relates to the Hispanic Population in the United States

Source: Center for Applied Research, Inc., Federal Highway Administration
This document describes the level of involvement of Hispanics in pedestrian and bicycle crashes.
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A Compendium of Available Bicycle and Pedestrian Trip Generation Data in the United States

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes the available information on modeling bicycle and pedestrian trip data.
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Case Study No. 1: Reasons Why Bicycling and Walking Are And Are Not Being Used More Extensively as Travel Modes

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report discusses current levels of bicycling and walking for utilitarian and recreational purposes and assesses the potential for increased usage. Part and parcel of this is an exploration of the major demand constratints on non-
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Case Study No. 2: The Training Needs of Transportation Professionals Regarding the Pedestrian and Bicyclist

Source: Federal Highway Administration
At the time of the publication of this paper, most American college transportation planning and engineering programs paid attention only to the automobile mode, with an elective course offered on transit design.
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Case Study No. 3: What Needs to Be Done to Promote Bicycling and Walking?

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study explores way to promote bicycling and walking as partners in a balanced, diversified transportation system.
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Case Study No. 4: Measures to Overcome Impediments to Bicycling and Walking

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This case study is designed as a resource to assist policymakers, facility planners, and public officials in developing programs to make thses modes more accessible to the general public. Findings are based on a detailed analysis of these relevant written studies,
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Case Study No. 5: An Analysis of Current Funding Mechanisms for Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs at the Federal, State, and Local Levels

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The aim of this case study was to identify the many different ways State and local governments funded facilities and programs for the benefit of bicyclists and pedestrians, and to present the information in such a way that Government agencies and those advocating better facilities and programs can easily see how it has been done.
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Case Study No. 7: Transportation Potential and Other Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study is a compendium of success stories and the hard work of many individuals, grass-roots organizations, private interests, local governments, and state agencies.
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Case Study No. 8: Organizing Citizen Support and Acquiring Funding for Bicycle and Pedestrian Trails

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze specific courses of action necessary to successfully develop independent bicycle and pedestrian facilities.
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Case Study No. 9: Linking Bicycle/Pedestrian Facilities with Transit

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A number of transit agencies and local and State Governments have initiated efforts to improve nonmotorized transit access, but many major problems and opportunities have not yet been addressed. This report highlights some of these efforts and opportunities.
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Case Study No. 10: Trading Off Among the Needs of Motor Vehicle Users, Pedestrians, and Bicyclists

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to consider how limited resources can best be allocated to meet the needs of motro vehicle users, bicyclists, and pedestrians.
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Case Study No. 11: Balancing Engineering, Education, Law Enforcement, and Encouragement

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report suggests a four-step process through which a community can implement a comprehensive "4-e" program to encourage non-motorized transportation. It includes suggestions for collecting basic data,
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Case Study No. 16: A Study of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in European Countries

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Most European nations have embarked on programs to reduce congestion, lower traffic accidents and improve the safety of cyclists and pedestrians. This paper concentrates on the ways bicycle and pedestrian facilities have been improved and cyclists and pedestrians benefited by these practices of &
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Case Study No. 17: Bicycle and Pedestrian Policies and Programs in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report examines biycle and pedestrian programs and policies in Asia, Australia, and New Zealand, with particular attention to lessons that may be useful to U.S. transportation professionals and policymakers.
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Case Study No. 18: Analyses of Successful Provincial, State, and Local Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs in Canada and the United States

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report reviews various potential indicators of success demonstrated by different programs to determine how very different bicycle and pedestrian programs can be compared and used as an example or model for other communities.
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Case Study No. 19: Traffic Calming, Auto-Restricted Zones and Other Traffic Management Techniques - Their Effects on Bicycling and Pedestrians

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The body of this report can be divided into three parts. The first two major sections examine the history and traffic-calming techniques installed in Europe, Japan, and the United States. The final section of the report examines the practical and policy implication of traffic calming.
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Case Study No. 21: Integrating Bicycle and Pedestrian Considerations into State and Local Transportation Planning, Design, and Operations

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report examines the process of "institutionalization" of bicycle and pedestrian considerations. It follows the process of institutionalization, the elements of integration, methods to legitimize bicycling and walking,
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Case Study No. 22: The Role of State Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinators

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this case study is to discuss the role of State bicycle/pedestrian coordinators. One particular focus is on hose coordinators should structure the mix of pedestrian and bike duties in their programs.
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Case Study No. 23: The Role of Local Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinators

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report provides a model for how a City, County or Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) can create a bicycle/pedestrian coordinator position that will most effectively accomodate, and encourage bicyclists and pedestrians.
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Case Study No. 24: Current Planning Guidelines and Design Standards Being Used by State and Local Agencies for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
It is the goal of this case study to define current planning guidelines and design standards that are being used by States and localities fo the development of bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and identify state-
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Model Pedestrian Safety Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This Guide describes how localities can plan, imnplement, and evaluate a pedestrian safety program. A six-step Model Pedestrian Safety Program is described.
Read More >

 

Feasibility of Demand Incentives for Non-Motorized Travel

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report examines the potential of various strategies for increasing the use of walking and bicycling for utilitarian purposes.
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An Investigation of the Potential for Pathways Shared by Pedestrians and Bicyclists

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides level of service and volume measurements in addition to measurements of conflict potential in order to determine the potential for shared pathways for bicyclists and pedestrians.
Read More >

 

Planning, Design, and Maintenance of Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This handbook consolidates the current state-of-the-art pertaining to pedestrian facilities.
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A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evalutation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
Read More >

 

A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
Read More >

 

A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
Read More >

 

Pedestrian Safety Programs: A Review of the Literature and Operational Experience

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The objective of the research effort was to develop an empirically and experiencially based model pedestrian safety program which cities can use as guidelines for pedestrian safety program planning,
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Pedestrian Trip Making Characteristics and Exposure Measures

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The objectives of this projects were to identify specific pedestrian trip making characteristics, develop pedestrian exposure measures, and to examine these results relative to accident information in order to determine the relative hazardousness of various pedestrian characteristics and behaviors.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, Questionnaire Form

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics, The Gallup Organization
This document is a transcript of the script followed by data collectors for the National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes and Behaviors.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors, Brochure

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This brochure gives a short overview of the study methodology and results, in addition to contact information.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary objective of this study was to develop safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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State and Regional Agencies Work with Community Members in Charleston

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program Report on Transportation and Health
A partnership for health in Charleston, South Carolina, uses a citizen survey to help determine and ensure preferred allocation of transportation funds to pedestrian and bicycle facilities.
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Community Involvement During the Planning Process

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community and advocacy groups in Norfolk engage local residents to determine high priority pedestrian and bicycle issues on a major commercial corridor.
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Engineering Solutions to Pedestrian Safety

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Cambridge develops a pedestrian plan and increases sidewalk maintenance enforcement to improve its pedestrian environment.
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Pedestrian Safety Planning Group

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Citizen group partners whith government agencies in Bethlehem, NY to improve pedestrian safety through new sidewalks, signs, and institutionalized planning relationship.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Travel Policy

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Guidance from a Kentucky task force on pedestrian and bicycle design results in the incorporation of nonmotorized design elements in new transportation projects.
Read More >

 

Traffic Calming Guidelines

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Sacramento adopts guidelines to assist the public, city staff, consultants, and developers in creating a safer environment for pedestrians and bicyclists by identifying traffic calming devices and steps for implementation.
Read More >

 

Livable Streets Plan

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Livable Streets Partnership in Raleigh brings various groups and interests together in a public planning process to produce a pedestrian friendly downtown action plan.
Read More >

 

False Creek Pedestrian and Cyclist Crossings Study

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver conducts a nonmotorist study of three bridge corridors into its downtown to help adequately plan for growing facility demand for walking and bicycling.
Read More >

 

Citizen's Accessibility Evaluation Tool

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Hillsborough County MPO develops a pedestrian accessibility evaluation tool to identify problem areas in a specific high-volume corridor.
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Technical Assistance for Small Cities and Rural Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Rural region of Georgia forms a pedestrian and bicycle task force to ensure adequate education, planning, and implementation of nonmotorized projects.
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South Carolina Bicycling and Walking Resolution

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
South Carolina DOT forms a pedestrian and bicycle committee and holds a statewide conference to increase education and awareness of pedestrian and bicycle issues.
Read More >

 

Bike, Walk, and Wheel: A Way of Life in Columbia

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A community coalition forms in Columbia to address sedentary lifestyles of a specific neighborhood through multiple pedestrian-related projects.
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City of Richmond Pedestrian Strategy

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
British Columbia city improves pedestrian safety through a five-point comprehensive pedestrian strategy that includes new crosswalk lighting and signage, accessible transit, education materials, and strategic partnerships.
Read More >

 

Pedestrian Design Assistance Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Regional pedestrian and bicycle fund helps ensure consideration during infrastructure improvements and construction in the Greater Phoenix area.
Read More >

 

Health Impact Assessment of Proposed Atlanta Beltline

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Health Impact Analysis conducted for massive transit, pedestrian, and bicycle beltline project around Atlanta that takes advantage of unused railroads.
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Creating a Pedestrian Facility Inventory

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
MPO uses aerial photography and GIS to create a pedestrian facility inventory that allows local governments to better plan to fill existing gaps and measure the associated effects.
Read More >

 

North Carolina Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Planning Grant Initiative

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
North Carolina Department of Transportation creates a multi-source funding initiative to help insure quality pedestrian and bicycle planning across the state.
Read More >

 

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Federal Highway Administration website provides information on a wide variety of policy documents and national statistics.
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FHWA Bicycle and Pedestrian Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Bicycle & Pedestrian Program website presents information on funding, legislation, and design standards. It also provides federal publications related to pedestrian and bicycle issues.
Read More >

 

FHWA National Highway Institute

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information on training courses, instructor certification, and fellowships offered by the National Highway Insitute.
Read More >

 

Turner Fairbank: Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety

Source: Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Web site provides information on issues and research related to improving pedestrian and bicyclist (pedalcyclist) safety.
Read More >

 

FHWA Office of Highway Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists.
Read More >

 

House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure

Source: United States House of Representatives
This website provides up-to-date information on legislation related to transportation and infrastructure in the United States.
Read More >

 

Office of Highway Safety Pedestrian/Bicyclist Safety Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration Office of Safety
This site is designed to make it easier for the pedestrian safety practitioner and advocate to locate and acquire the most appropriate resources to meet their particular planning, design, and operation needs for pedestrian facilities.
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Pedestrian Safety Roadshow

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the Roadshow is to assist communities in developing their own approach to identifying and solving the problems that affect pedestrian safety and walkability. The website contains an overview of the program and links to statistics and tools concerning pedestrians.
Read More >

 

Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21)

Source: United States Department of Transportation
The web site provides detailed information on the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA 21) funding laws.
Read More >

 

Transportation Research Information Services (TRIS) National Transportation Library

Source: Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This online research database offers the option to search all documents classified under pedestrian, bicycles, or both.
Read More >

 

United States Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (Access Board)

Source: United States Access Board
The Access Board is an independent Federal agency devoted to accessibility for people with disabilities.
Read More >

 

U. S. Department of Transportation (USDOT)

Source: U. S. Department of Transportation
This site provides information on policies, regulations, research, grants, and more.
Read More >

 

American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)

Source: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
AASHTO's primary goal is to foster the development, operation, and maintenance of an integrated national transportation system. The site offers and extensive online bookstore.
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American Planning Association (APA)

Source: American Planning Association
The site offers information on research, legislation, community initiatives, careers, and conferences, in addition to offering resources and communication tools for students and professional planners.
Read More >

 

American Public Works Association

Source: American Public Works Association
The American Public Works Association is an international educational and professional association of public agencies, private sector companies, and individuals dedicated to providing high quality public works goods and services.
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Institute of Transportation Engineers Traffic Calming Library

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers, Federal Highway Administration
The Traffic Calming Library contains a searchable database of reports, articles and other documents related to traffic calming. In some cases the full publication is available online and in others only a source listing or abstract is available.
Read More >

 

National Safety Council Partnership for a Walkable America

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Institute for Transportation Engineers, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center, The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
This site provides links to the International Walk to School website, a Walkability Checklist, and the ITE Pedestrian Project Awards.
Read More >

 

Transportation Research Board

Source: Transportation Research Board
The mission of the Transportation Research Board is to promote innovation and progress in transportation through research. The site provides a wealth of documents online as well as books and journals for sale.
Read More >

 

Dutch Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
SWOV is an independent, scientific institute. SWOV's knowledge is public information and is made available to anyone who wants it, and is professionally involved in traffic and road safety in the Netherlands.
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Active Living Network Storybank

Source: Active Living Network
The Active Living Storybank is a searchable database of projects, programs and initiatives around the country promoting health through changes in the built environment.
Read More >

 

America Walks

Source: The National Coalition of Walking Advocates
America Walks provides a support network for local pedestrian advocacy groups and offers advice how to get started and how to be effective with public officials and engineering and design professionals.
Read More >

 

Sidewalk Assessment Tool

Source: University of South Carolina, Arnold School of Public Health
Tool developed by the University of South Carolina Prevention Research Center to assess the maintenance of sidewalks and provide an index score for comparing different sidewalk conditions.
Read More >

 

Active Community Environments (ACES) Community Assessment

Source: Eat Smart Move More North Carolina
Tool developed by the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services to assess the health of a community and identify ways to increase opportunities for physical activity in the community.
Read More >

 

Keystone Healthy Routes Neighborhood Assessment

Source: Hamer Center for Community Design Assistance, Penn State
A series of tools to measure the safety and health of various communities, from rural, to suburban, to urban.
Read More >

 

Worksite Walkability Audit Tool

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Instrument developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to assess the walkability surrounding a workplace.
Read More >

 

Bus Stop Checklist

Source: Easter Seals Project Action, Federal Transit Administration
Tool developed by Easter Seals Project Action to evaluate pedestrian access features and connections, assess passenger comfort amenities, evaluate safety and security features, and document information features.
Read More >

 

Arlington County Bus Stop Assessment

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
Tool included in the 2003 Florida Department of Transportation study, Safer Stops for Vulnerable Customers, used to assess bus stop locations, surroundings landing areas, connections, amenities, seating,
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Universal Design Audit Checklist

Source: Center for Inclusive Design and Environmental Access
Tool developed by the Center for Inclusive Design and Environmental Access to assess the design of a facility for universal access.
Read More >

 

Healthy Aging Research Network Environmental Audit Tool and Protocol

Source: Healthy Aging Network
Tool developed by the Healthy Aging Network to quantitatively and qualitatively assess community-scale and street-scale factors associated with physical activity in older adults.
Read More >

 

Complete the Streets

Source: National Complete Streets Coalition
This site contains design guides, training materials, illustrative presentations, susccessful case studies, and further resources on creating complete streets.
Read More >

 

National Trails Training Partnership (NTTP)

Source: National Trails Training Partnership
The National Trails Training Partnership provides technical assistance and resources for trails and greenways.
Read More >

 

Project for Public Spaces

Source: Project for Public Spaces
This site has an extensive collection of resources to support lively public spaces in the built environment.
Read More >

 

Rails to Trails Conservancy

Source: Rails to Trails Conservancy
Rails-to-Trails Conservancy is a nonprofit organization working with communities to preserve unused rail corridors by transforming them into trails, enhancing the health of America's environment, economy,
Read More >

 

Victoria Transport Policy Institute

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
The Victoria Transport Policy Institute is an independent research organization dedicated to developing innovative and practical solutions to transportation problems.
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Metropolitan Transportation Commission Bicycles/Pedestrians

Source: San Fransisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
The San Fransisco Bay Area MTC website offers information on current events, as well as a detailed planning toolbox and an engineering countermeasure database.
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Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Program works in many areas to promote safe walking and bicycling in Florida.
Read More >

 

Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This site freely offers extensive data, statistics, and reports concerning transportation in the United States in addition to an online bookstore.
Read More >

 

National Household Travel Survey

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This page provides links to the National Household Travel Survey reports for each year it was published between 1969-2001.
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NYU Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management

Source: New York University Wagner Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management
This site freely provides all the center's research publications, information on education courses and technical assistance, and updates on news and events.
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Rutgers Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center

Source: The State University of New Jersey at Rutgers
The Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center (VTC) at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, is a national leader in the research and development of innovative transportation policy.
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Texas Transportation Institute

Source: Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports.
Read More >

 

University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources.
Read More >

 

Easter Seals Project Action

Source: Easter Seals Project Action, Federal Transit Administration
Easter Seals Project ACTION promotes cooperation between the transportation industry and the disability community to increase mobility for people with disabilities under the ADA and beyond. It offers a research clearinghouse,
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City of Charlotte Commitment to the Pedestrian Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Charlotte provides significant annual funds for sidewalk construction and maintenance and creates a comprehensive pedestrian program that includes public outreach.
Read More >

 

Pedestrian Generator Checklist

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
State of New York develops a pedestrian generator checklist that engineers must use in determining pedestrian needs when designing new roadways or maintenance projects.
Read More >

 

Access and Mobility Design Policy for Disabled Pedestrians at Road Crossings

Source: Transportation Research Board
This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers. In this article, issues affecting design policies for highways and streets are explored in terms of functional capabilities of disabled and encumbered pedestrians.
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Pedestrians and Bicycles

Source: Transportation Research Board
This Transportation Research Record contains 24 papers on the subject of pedestrians and bicycles. It can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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From TIGER to Audit Instruments: Using GIS-Based Street Data to Measure Neighborhood Walkability

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper explores how the path network around key urban destinations can be visually and quantitatively analyzed. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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Identifying and Measuring Urban Design Qualities Related to Walkability

Source: Journal of Physical Activity and Health
This project has developed operational definitions and measurement protocols for subtler urban design qualities believed to be related to walkability.
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Index for Assessing Pedestrian Safety at Intersections

Source: Transportation Research Board
This study attempts to develop a safety index that will allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to prioritize intersection crosswalks with respect to pedestrian safety. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper discusses the various challenges the pedestrian and bicycle field in documenting usage and demand. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
Read More >

 

Street Crossing Issues for Persons With Cognitive Disabilities

Source: Delaware County, Pennsylvania; Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority
This paper discusses issues and skills affecting safe crossing by persons with cognitive disabilities, and calls for research to identify design features, signalization and technologies that can enable users with cognitive disabilities to cross safely.
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Pedestrian Behavior and Perception in Urban Walking Environments

Source: Journal of Planning Literature
This report looks at how pedestrians will respond to characteristics of the environment as they formulate and enact their walking itineraries. This resource can be purchased through the Sage Journals Online.
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Environmental and Policy Determinants of Physical Activity in the United States

Source: American Journal of Public Health
This study examined (1) descriptive patterns in perceived environmental and policy determinants of physical activity and (2) associations between these factors and behavior. The full text can be obtained through the American Journal of Public Health at the link below.
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Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES)

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES) promotes walking, bicycling, and the development of accessible recreation facilities.
Read More >

 

Designing for Active Recreation

Source: Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what constitutes an "activity-friendly environment" for recreational physical activity.
Read More >

 

Designing to Reduce Childhood Obesity

Source: Active Living Research
This research summary gives a synopsis of the current state of peer-reviewed research into what environmental factors may be related to young people's eating and physical activity patterns.
Read More >

 

A Citizen's Guide to Transportation Decisionmaking

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guide is intended to help community members understand how transportation decisions are made at the local, state, and national levels.
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Flexibility in Highway Design

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Presents methods of designing facilities that are sensitive to the surrounding environment that still meet accepted design guidelines.
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Geometric Design Practices for European Roads

Source: International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents examples of European design practice and operations.
Read More >

 

Rails with Trails: Lessons Learned

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A research report about trails located near railroad and transit rights-of-way.
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Conflicts on Multiple Use Trails

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Presents a series of principles for more effective operations of multi use trails.
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National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Proposes strategies intended to be used by anyone interested in reducing pedestrian injuries among children, while encouraging them to explore their environment by walking.
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Pedestrian Safety Campaign

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A ready-made toolkit of safety related outreach materials that States and communities can customize and use locally.
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Freedom to Travel

Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics
A report from the Bureau of Transportation Statistics on the travel needs for people with disabilities.
Read More >

 

Innovative Traffic Control: Technology and Practice in Europe

Source: International Technology Exchange Program, Federal Highway Administration
Presents the state of the art of emerging technologies for traffic control devices.
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Pedestrian Forum newsletter

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A quarterly newsletter focusing on topics on how to improve conditions for bicycling and walking and to make them safer ways to travel.
Read More >

 

Tool Kit for Integrating Land Use and Transportation Decision-Making

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this tool kit is to provide a user-friendly, web-based source of methods, strategies, and procedures for integrating land use and transportation planning, decision-making, and project implementation.
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Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas

Source: Federal Highway Administration, Federal Transit Administation
The purpose of this document, Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas, is to provide a resource to rural planners, city and county engineers, stakeholders, local officials, and other decision-makers involved with developing rural transportation plans.
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How to Engage Low-Literacy and Limited-English-Proficiency Populations in Transportation Decisionmaking

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report documents "best practices" in identifying and engaging low-literacy and limited-English-proficiency populations in transportation decisionmaking.
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A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This guide demonstrates how state departments of transportation (DOTs) and other transportation agencies can incorporate context sensitivity into their transportation project development work.
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Accessibility Guidebook for Outdoor Recreation and Trails

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), United States Forest Service (USFS)
This guidebook is intended to help designers and recreation professionals apply the Forest Service Outdoor Recreation Accessibility Guidelines (FSORAG) and Forest Service Trail Accessibility Guidelines (
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Shared-Use Path Level of Service Calculator

Source: Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations.
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Highway Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This project updated, revised, and expanded the scope of the Older Driver Highway Design Handbook published by FHWA in 1998.
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Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility

Source:
The report is a comprehensive and easy-to-use resource that summarizes the knowledge and practices that are relevant to human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections, speed management,
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Active Living by Design

Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, UNC School of Public Health.
Active Living by Design is a national program that establishes innovative approaches to increase physical activity through community design, public policies and communications strategies.
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Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center Library

Source: Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
This page contains links to all the publications and research material developed by the Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel Demand Forcasting

Source: Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes data collection activities performed at eight different sites in Texas urban areas.
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Evaluation of Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes research conducted to evaluate bicycle and pedestrian facilities (i.e. shared use trails) with user satisfaction and perception surveys.
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Building Livable Communities with Transit

Source: Federal Transit Administration
This booklet presents some of the successes - in terms of planning, development, and implementation - of the community-sensitive transportation facility development process.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Provisions of Federal Transportation Legislation

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The legislation has numerous provisions that relate to improving conditions for bicycling and walking and increasing the safety of the two modes.
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Code of Federal Regulations 23, Part 652

Source: United States Government Printing Office
This document provides policies and procedures relating to the provision of pedestrian and bicycle accommodations on Federal-aid projects, and Federal participation in the cost of these accommodations and projects.
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Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Bicycle Transportation and Pedestrian Walkways provisions of Section 217 of Title 23, as amended by TEA-21, describe how Federal-aid funds may be used for bicycle and pedestrian projects.
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Bicycle & Pedestrian Technical Summary

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This document summarizes the changes made by the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21).
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Selecting Pedestrian Safety Improvements

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The Crash Group/General Countermeasure Matrix identifies potential solutions for use by safety practitioners.
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Accommodating Pedestrians in Work Zones

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This brochure provides some helpful guidelines that can be used to accommodate pedestrians in work zones.
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Zone Guide for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This guide describes what zoning is and explains how to design and use pedestrian safety zones to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of pedestrian safety programs.
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Accessible Pedestrian Signals

Source: United States Access Board
This document provides a guide to planners on accessible pedestrian signals.
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Roundabouts: An Informational Guide

Source: Turner Fairbank Highway Safety Research Center
The guidance supplied in this document is based on established U.S. and international practices and is supplemented by recent research.
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A Toolbox for Alleviating Traffic Congestion and Enhancing Mobility

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
This document provides information on reducing congestion.
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Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Speed and Speed Management

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents a synthesis of research findings on the safety effects of speed, speed limits, enforcement, and engineering measures to manage speed.
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Evaluation of Pedestrian Data Needs and Collection Efforts

Source: Transportation Research Board, University of Utah Department of Environmental Engineering
This paper discusses the extent to which pedestrian demand, behavior, and facilities data can assist in the study of pedestrian safety issues, reviews data collection strategies, suggests some data collection improvements,
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City of Boulder Crosswalk Compliance Studies & Treatment Implementation

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Boulder conducts a crosswalk compliance study to determine the effectiveness of five different alternative treatments, and encourage walking.
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Traffic Safety Digest

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This page highlights case studies of pedestrian and bicycle safety projects around the United States, dating between 1996 and 2003.
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Does the Built Environment Influence Physical Activity?

Source: Transportation Research Board Institute of Medicine of the National Academies
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention requested this study in order to examine the connection between the built environment and the physical activity levels of the U.
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Pathways for People

Source: Rodale Press, Parkwood Research Associates
This document presents the survey questions and results concerning respondents bicycling, walking, and running habits, and their access to multiuse pathways.
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Americans With Disabilities Act (ADA) Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities; Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Accessibility Guidelines; Supplementary Material

Source: United States Access Board
This supplementary material provides information on the adoption of enforceable standards based on the guidelines under the ADA and ABA.
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Transportation Planning Handbook: Chapter 16 - Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This chapter from the Transportation Planning Handbook provides standards for bicycle and pedestrian facilities, including methods to measure bicycle route suitability, travel demand simulations, LOS analysis,
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Preserving Historic and Cultural Resources

Source: Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
This article discusses how trails and greenways may be used to further historic and cultural preservation.
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A Guide for Reducing Collisions at Signalized Intersections

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board
This document provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions at signalized intersections.
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Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Federal Highway Administration guidelines and prompt lists will help familiarize transportation professionals with pedestrian issues and help them identify specific concerns related to pedestrian safety throughout the road safety audit process.
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Tucson Region Sidewalk Inventory

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Tucson region's metropolitan planning organization, Pima Association of Governments (PAG), addresses the need to assess regional sidewalk connectivity and accessibility in order to establish priorities for funding and construction through its Regional Sidewalk Inventory.
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Olympia's Parks and Sidewalks Funding Measure

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Olympia had neglected sidewalk construction for decades. The City Council worked with the Parks Department and advocacy groups to get sidewalk funding.
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El Cajon's Road Diet

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Suburban development and increased traffic diminished Main Street's appeal to pedestrians. However, the use of a road diet and addition of new shops led to the revitalization of downtown.
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Complete Streets Laws and Ordinances

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Commitments to complete the streets have been adopted via state law, local ordinances and resolutions, agency policies, comprehensive plans, tax measures, and design manual re-writes.
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Traffic Calming and Crime Prevention

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Many communities in the U.S. have been designed to accommodate automobiles, not cyclists and pedestrians. Traffic calming can help make bicycling and walking more comfortable and neighborhoods more livable.
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Downtown Orlando Transportation Plan

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Bicycle and Pedestrian section's objective is to provide a secure, convenient, efficient, comfortable, and welcoming network for bicyclists and pedestrians.
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Making Cycling Irresistible: Lessons from the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany

Source:
With the combination of aggregate data and case studies this paper shows how the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany have made bicycling safe anc convenient in their small and large cities.
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Pedestrian Signal Safety for Older Persons

Source: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety report, Pedestrian Signal Safety for Older Persons, states that in the jurisdictions studied, pedestrian signals timed to accommodate walking speeds of 4 feet per second would not accommodate an older pedestrian walking at the 15th percentile speed for older pedestrians.
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Trail User Counts and Surveys

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Ozaukee Interurban Trail is a 30-mile shared-use trail that connects six communities in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin.
Read More >

 

Intermodal Transportation Planning and Development: A Closer Look at Linking Transit to Bicycling and Walking

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Using bike facility construction, regional collaboration, and encouragement, Tucson enhanced accessibility and improved intermodal connections.
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Creating Active Rural Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through a combination of partnerships, planning, and advocacy, municipalities were able to develop and promote active living practices in rural Haliburton County.
Read More >

 

Overcoming Opposition to Sidewalk Construction

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A Safe Routes to School committee used neighborhood relationships and informational flyers to build support for the construction of a sidwalk near a local school.
Read More >

 

Development of Boulder's Multimodal System

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Boulder has leveraged natural advantages with a significant commitment, well-designed plans, and resourceful follow-through to build a multimodal system and institutionalize the accommodation of bicycling and walking on many levels.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report provides a top line summary of key data results regarding the behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report provides a detailed analysis of behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report describes the methods used to conduct the interviews and analyze the data from the National Survey.
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Compilation of Pedestrian Devices in Use at Grade Crossings

Source: Federal Railroad Administration
This document was developed as a first step in providing future guidance for the selection and installation of pedestrian traffic control devices at railroad grade crossing.
Read More >

 

Guidance Memorandum on Consideration and Implementation of Proven Safety Countermeasures

Source: Federal Highway Association
FHWA memo of action on consideration and implementation of proven safety countermeasures.
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Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America

Source: AARP
This report offers refinements to intersection design treatments recommended by the Federal Highway Administration in its Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians.
Read More >

 

Walking and Cycling International Literature Review

Source: Victoria Department of Transport
This report presents the findings from a literature review aiming to help professionals understand barriers to walking and cycling as well as infrastructure and policy supports for nonmotorized transportation.
Read More >

 

Pedestrian Safety Report to Congress

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report was a response to the SAFETEA-LU, Public Law 109-59, Section 2003(e), which requires the Secretary of Transportation to produce a comprehensive report on pedestrian safety.
Read More >

 

Bicycling and Walking in the US 2010 Benchmarking Report

Source: Alliance for Biking & Walking
The Benchmarking Project is an on-going effort to collect and analyze data on bicycling and walking in all 50 states and the 51 largest U.S. cities.
Read More >

 

A Brief Portrait of Multimodal Transportation Planning in Oregon and the Path to Achieving It, 1890-1974

Source: Oregon Transportation Research and Education Consortium
This project was designed to outline transportation chapters of a planned written history of Oregon land use planning, written to make the transportation planning profession relevant to a popular audience.
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Countermeasures That Work

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report explores highway safety strategies and countermeasures relevant to State Highway Safety Offices; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation; and provides references to research summaries and individual studies.
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Field Test Results of the Multimodal Level of Service Analysis for Urban Streets

Source: Transportation Research Board
Field Test Results of the Multimodal Level of Service Analysis for Urban Streets (MMLOS) explores the result of a field test of the MMLOS in 10 US metropolitan areas.
Read More >

 

World Class Streets

Source: Public Roads Magazine
New York City is transforming itself into a metropolis that is friendly to bicyclists, pedestrians, and transit riders. Learn how the Big Apple is doing it.
Read More >

 

Safe Streets for Seniors

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In New York City, adults aged 65 and older make up 12 percent of the city's population, but accounted for 39 percent of its pedestrian fatalities between 2002 and 2006.
Read More >

 

Putting Smart Growth to Work in Rural Communities

Source: International City/County Management Association (ICMA)
This report focuses on smart growth strategies that can help guide growth in rural areas while protecting natural and working lands and preserving the rural character of existing communities.
Read More >

 

Street Design: Part 1 - Complete Streets

Source: Federal Highway Administration
From policy statements to programs and planning, opportunities abound for improving the accessibility of the transportation system for all users.
Read More >

 

Public Policies for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
A policy review for bicycling and walking safety and mobility from an International Scan conducted in May of 2009 in Denmark, Germany, Sweden, Switzerland, and the UK.
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Statewide Opportunities for Integrating Operations, Safety, and Multimodal Planning

Source: Federal Highway Administration
A reference manual designed to provide "how to" information to assist transportation professionals in taking actions to integrate operations, safety, and multimodal transportation planning.
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New York City Complete Streets Design Guidance

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The development of complete streets design guidelines in New York City.
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Reclaiming Broadway's Public Space

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Beginning in 2008, NYC DOT reclaimed much of the street space along Broadway for pedestrian use.
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Transportation Enhancements: A Summary of Nationwide Spending as of FY 2007

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
An overview of how States have spent their cumulative TE funds.
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Transportation Enhancements: A Summary of Nationwide Spending as of FY 2008

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
An overview of how States have spent their cumulative TE funds.
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Transportation Enhancements: A Summary of Nationwide Spending as of FY 2009

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
An overview of how States have spent their cumulative TE funds.
Read More >

 

Enhancing America's Communities

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This document covers the history of the TE program, how TE funds are distributed, the project development process, and provides fifteen case studies of outstanding TE projects across the country.
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Communities Benefit! The Social and Economic Benefits of Transportation Enhancements

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This report showcases ten outstanding Transportation Enhancements projects from around the country, highlighting economic and social impacts on local communities.
Read More >

 

Innovative Financing for TE Projects

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
A series of procedural innovations applied to TE over the years improved the ability of project sponsors and state Departments of Transportation (DOT) to implement projects.
Read More >

 

Innovations in State TE Management

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Additional streamlining, innovative financing, and cost-sharing provisions applied specifically for TE activities.
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Finding Matching Funds for Trail Projects

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Innovative partnerships with state Departments of Transportation (DOT) and other government organizations can help sponsors raise necessary funding, as can savvy networking.
Read More >

 

Benefits of Complete Streets

Source: National Complete Streets Coalition
A series of fact sheets covering topics such as economic revitalization, climate change, and health and the benefits of complete streets.
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Improving Pedestrian Conditions on a High Traffic Arterial

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
San Francisco's 19th Avenue/Park Presidio Boulevard is a major multi-use transportation corridor with many issues including heavy traffic, difficult pedestrian crossings, and unwelcoming design features.
Read More >

 

Getting Back on Track: Aligning State Transportation Policy with Climate Change Goal

Source: Smart Growth America
This report examines what states are doing to curb emissions caused by transportation.
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Complete Streets Implementation in Sacramento

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Streets should be designed to accommodate all users, promote sustainable transportation, and make neighborhoods and the urban core more livable.
Read More >

 

Bridgeport Way: The Role of a Major Arterial in Town-Making

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redevelopment of an arterial road in University Place, Washington to reduce crashes and contribute to the local economy.
Read More >

 

Effective Delivery of Small-Scale Federal-Aid Projects

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this synthesis is to identify and document methods for meeting federal requirements for small-scale projects in a more streamlined fashion.
Read More >

 

Fiscal Year 2011 Update on the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program

Source:
This March 2011 update summarizes some of the accomplishments of the four communities that are part of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program (NTPP).
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The Role of FHWA Programs In Livability: State of the Practice Summary

Source: U.S. Department of Transportation; Federal Highway Administration
This research paper highlights the current state of the practice relative to the implementation of livability principles within the context of the Federal-aid highway program.
Read More >

 

Walkability Checklist in Spanish

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Insightful questions allowing you to evaluate your neighborhood's walkability.
Read More >

 

Report to the U.S. Congress on the Outcomes of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents the outcomes of the Nonmotorized Transportation Pilot Program in four US communities.
Read More >

 

Using Health Impact Assessments to Evaluate Bicycle and Pedestrian Plans

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
This white paper explores the opportunities that exist for incorporating Health Impact Assessments in the transportation planning process.
Read More >

 

Application of Pedestrian Crossing Treatments for Streets and Highways

Source: NCHRP
Compiles information on the state of existing practices regarding application of pedestrian crossing improvements, and does not produce new guidance. The report includes a survey of state departments of transportation (
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Data Collection and Analysis for Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This report describes how communities can collect data about bicycle and pedestrian facilities, and includes case studies from 27 communities. Future publications will include a recommended practices guide,
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Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format)
Read More >

 

Community Toolbox

Source: The National Park Service
The National Park Service's Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance (RTCA) program helps communities work together to improve their special places. They've produced the Community Toolbox, a set of techniques for project development and community participation.
Read More >

 

New Jersey: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan, Phase 2

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This plan provides clear guidance for the most effective use of Federal, State, and local resources to implement pedestrian and bicycle facilities. The stated goals and objectives are supported with proposed performance measures to determine the effectiveness and critical success factors.
Read More >

 

VTrans 2025: Virginia's Statewide Multimodal Long-Range Transportation Plan

Source: Commonwealth of Virginia Secretary of Transportation
Virginia's long-range transportation plan, called VTrans2025, is a blueprint for shaping the transportation future. It establishes a commonly held vision, goals, and objectives to guide and direct decision-
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Florida: Pedestrian Planning and Design Handbook

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
The plan presents guidelines, standards, and criteria for pedestrian planning and facilities. It is intended as a reference for any locality, agency, organization, group, or citizen interested in improving the walking environment.
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Georgia Pedestrian & Streetscape Guide

Source: Georgia Department of Transportation
The guide focuses on the design of pedestrian environments and streetscape facilities. It offers technical information on "best practices" that apply to situations encountered in project development.
Read More >

 

Vermont: Pedestrian and Bicycle Facility Planning and Design Manual

Source: Vermont Agency of Transportation
The manual assists agencies, organizations, and citizens with the planning, design, construction, and maintenance of pedestrian facilities in the variety of settings.
Read More >

 

Oregon: Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan

Source: Oregon Department of Tranportation
This is one of the first plans developed to promote walking. It is in-depth and informative, addressing various aspects of pedestrian planning.
Read More >

 

Bicycling and Walking in North Carolina, A Long Range Transportation Plan

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation
The North Carolina pedestrian plan builds upon the state's long-range transportation plan, elaborating on the goals, focus areas, and programming specific to walking.
Read More >

 

North Carolina: Planning and Designing Local Pedestrian Facilities

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation
The Local Pedestrian Facilities manual provides suggestions and guidelines for local planners and traffic engineers to increase pedestrian safety and friendliness.
Read More >

 

Washington: Pedestrian Facilities Guidebook

Source: Washington State Department of Transportation
The purpose of the Pedestrian Facilities Guidebook is to assist various agencies and organizations in pedestrian planning and encourage good design practices when developing these spaces.
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Pennsylvania: Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
The Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines is one part of Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan for Pennsylvania. The design guidelines focus on best practices for sidewalks, intersections,
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District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines

Source: District Department of Transportation
To reduce the negative impact of motor vehicle use and ensure overall safety, the District of Columbia Traffic Calming Policies and Guidelines provide a process for involving the public in implementing traffic calming measures.
Read More >

 

Idaho Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation Plan

Source: Idaho Transportation Department
This document serves as a first step in establishing a statewide vision and comprehensive approach to pedestrian transportation planning.
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Wisconsin Pedestrian Policy Plan 2020

Source: Wisconsin Department of Transportation
The Pedestrian Plan provides a basic description of existing and emerging pedestrian needs over the next 20 years, with a set of recommendations to meet those needs. The Wisconsin Department of Transportaion'
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Denver, CO: Pedestrian Master Plan

Source: City and County of Denver
The plan establishes a city-wide pedestrian network. It uses a detailed development process that incorporates existing conditions assessment, existing plans, GIS studies, public involvement, and policy review.
Read More >

 

Marina, CA Pedestrian and Bicycle Master Plan

Source: Local Government Commission
This plan contains a clear outline and discussion of goals and action strategies. It offers a comprehensive street inventory and assessment of deficiencies.
Read More >

 

Bellevue, WA: Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Plan Update

Source: City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This is a policy-oriented document that aims to revise the 30-year plan. It presents key issues that have appeared during the implementation of pedestrian facilities, proving to be a helpful resource for localities considering such improvements.
Read More >

 

San Diego, CA: Planning and Designing for Pedestrians

Source: SANDAG, San Diego's Regional Planning Agency
These guidelines provide an extremely thorough look at how to plan and design for the pedestrian.
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Portland, OR: Pedestrian Master Plan

Source: City of Portland
The Master Plan outlines an action plan to achieve the city's pedestrian-oriented goals. To identify needed improvements, the plan used a rigorous identification process, including several opportunities for public input.
Read More >

 

Madison, WI: Pedestrian Transportation Plan

Source: City of Madison
This plan dedicates a significant section to the history and importance of pedestrian planning, as well as "thinking like a pedestrian."
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Chapel Hill, NC: Bicycle and Pedestrian Action Plan

Source: Town of Chapel Hill
This is a concise, general plan that provides a foundation for future pedestrian planning.
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Oakland, CA: Pedestrian Master Plan

Source: City of Oakland
The plan is a fine example of how to examine census information and pedestrian collision data, showing graphs on speed, location, time of day, age, etc.
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Cambridge, MA: Pedestrian Plan

Source: City of Cambridge
This is a beautiful and creative plan that addresses safety and walkability. It begins with general pedestrian issues and then moves on to specific action in Cambridge.
Read More >

 

Phoenix, AZ: Pedestrian Plan 2000

Source: Maricopa Association of Governments
The Maricopa Association of Governments plan promotes the accommodation of pedestrian travel throughout the low-density, automobile-oriented Phoenix metropolitan area.
Read More >

 

Seattle, WA: Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Implementation Strategy for the Central Puget Sound Region

Source: Puget Sound Regional Council
This regional plan identifies more than 2,000 miles of needed bike lanes and oaths and pedestrian improvements around activity centers.
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Boulder, CO: Transportation Master Plan

Source: City of Boulder
Pedestrian planning is fully integrated into the Boulder, CO Transportation Master Plan. The plan outlines modal split targets of 15 percent by bike and 24 percent by foot by 2020 and offers a variety of resources to transportation officials seeking to increase pedestrian travel.
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Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals

Source: Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking.
Read More >

 

Center for Livable Communities

Source: Local Government Commission
The Center for Livable Communities helps local governments and community leaders be proactive in their land use and transportation planning, and adopt programs and policies that lead to more livable and resource-
Read More >

 

Travel and Environmental Implications of School Siting

Source: Environmental Protection Agency
"Travel and Environmental Implications of School Siting," released by the EPA on October 8, 2003, is the first study to empirically examine the relationship between school locations, the built environment around schools,
Read More >

 

Maryland Safe Routes to School Guidebook: A Guide for Parents and Communities

Source: Maryland Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee & Maryland Department of Transportation
A comprehensive, 49-page guidebook that introduces the Safe Routes to School program to schools, parents and communities in Maryland and explains how to implement an Safe Routes to School program.
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Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Pedestrian Pushbutton Treatments

Source: San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This document discusses traffic control devices to facilitate safe pedestrian crossings. For each tool, the site explains objectives, applications, target popluation, advantages, disadvantages, crash type,
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Institute of Transportation Engineers

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers
The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international educational and scientific association of transportation professionals who are responsible for meeting mobility and safety needs.
Read More >

 

Keeping Children Safe in Traffic

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development draws on best practices and research results to show how child casualties can be reduced. Free executive summary. $45 for full report.
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National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Aged 50 and Older

Source: Active Aging Partnership
The National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Age 50 and Older was developed as a guide for organizations, associations and agencies to plan strategies to help people age 50 and older increase their physical activity.
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National Center for Bicycling & Walking

Source: National Center for Bicycling & Walking
The Center's mission is to help create bicycle-friendly and walkable communities across North America by encouraging and supporting the efforts of individuals, organizations, and agencies.
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Roadway Connectivity

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This chapter describes how improved roadway connectivity can reduce vehicle travel. The document details how to implementation connected streets and lists benefits, costs, case studies, and their impacts on travel and equity.
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Sacramento, CA: Pedestrian Safety Guidelines

Source: City of Sacramento
These guidelines focus on street crossing treatments at controlled and uncontrolled intersections, discussing tools such as pavement marking and signal options and giving attention to roadway design.
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TravelSmart

Source: Government of Western Australia
TravelSmart is a successful Western Australian community-based program that encourages people to use alternatives to travelling in their private car. An overview of the community-led program is available for download on the site in PDF.
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Walking and Bicycling Suitability Assessment Project

Source: WABSA Project
A user-friendly tool designed to assess the suitability of local streets for walking and bicycling.
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Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Countdown Signals

Source: San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This resource descibes the use of devises that inform pedestrians about how much time is left to cross the street at signalized intersections. For each tool, the site describes the objective, applications,
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Arizona: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan

Source: Arizona Department of Transportation
This is a guide for making pedestrian-related transportation decisions at the State and local level. The plan provides a long-term agenda for implementing a system of pedestrian facilities on the ADOT State Highway System and seeks to coordinate the relationship between ADOT and smaller jurisdictions.
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Active Facts: Parks, Trails, and Recreation

Source: Active Living Resource Center
This document stresses the importance of recreation in our everyday lives and the role that parks and trails play in encouraging active lifestyles. It provides indicators to assess your community recreational services.
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Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents

Source: International City/County Management Association
This guide explains the connections between active living and social equity, provides a toolbox of local government strategies for promoting active living equitably, and highlights notable examples of local initiatives from around the country.
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Active Living Approaches by Local Government

Source: International City/County Management Association
This paper discusses the results of surveys of local government officials regarding their ability to encourage active living in communities.
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Active Transportation Policy Issues

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper provides background information on active transportation to facilitate discussion of national active transportation policy and legislation at the Active Transportation Roundtable.
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Bike and Pedestrian Projects: Best Practices in New Jersey and Beyond

Source: Transportation Policy Institute
This presentation shows examples of good pedestrian and bicycle design in New Jersey. It discusses the need for pedestrian and bicycle facilities and the impact that walkable designs have on public health.
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California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking

Source: California Department of Transportation
The California Blueprint for Bicycling and Walking provides ambitious goals of a 50 percent increase in bicycling and walking trips by 2010, a 50 percent decrease in bicycle and pedestrian fatality rates by 2010,
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Can Pedestrian-friendly Planning Encourage Us to Walk?

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This online article discusses the effect of pedestrian-friendly design on the number of pedestrians in a community and summarizes recent research related to healthm, urban design, and pedestrian safety.
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Community Design: A Toolkit for Building Physical Activity Into Daily Life

Source: University of Minnesota Metropolitan Design Center
This community tool kit helps community members work towards a building a healthier community that provides the opportunity to incorporate physical activity into every day life.
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Development and Public Health: Could Our Development Patterns Be Affecting Our Personal Health?

Source: Urban Land
This paper looks at the impact that land-use decisions have on public health.
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Effects of Site Design on Pedestrian Travel in Mixed-Use, Medium-Density Environments

Source: Washington State Department of Transportation
This report examines whether high or low incidence of pedestrian travel in mixed-use, medium-density environments is due to site design characteristics, and specifically to presence of direct, continuous,
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Flexible Design of New Jersey's Main Streets

Source: The New Jersey Department of Transportation
This research finds a burgeoning national movement away from strict reliance on highway design templates and toward flexible highway design, especially in the Northeastern and Northwestern United States.
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Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation

Source: International City/County Management Association
This is the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide.
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Getting to Smart Growth: 100 More Policies for Implementation

Source: International City/County Management Association
This guide is the fourth primer in a series written and distributed by the International City/County Management Association (ICMA), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the Smart Growth Network.
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Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente: 100 Políticas Para Su Implementación

Source: International City/County Management Association
This Spanish-language guide is the fourth primer in a series created to introduce communities to the benefits of "smart growth."
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Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente, II: 100 Políticas Adicionales Para Su Implementación

Source: International City/County Management Association
This is the Spanish-language version of the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide.
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Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This guide discusses the importance of sidewalks in pedestrian mobility and safety. It defines appropriate facilities and design criteria to accomodate and foster pedestrian movement.
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Hard Lessons: Causes and Consequences of Michigan's School Construction Boom

Source: Michigan Land Use Institute
The Michigan Land Use Institute published this report to detail the problem and expose the challenges of managing growth and design.
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Healthy Schools for Healthy Kids

Source: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
This report details research regarding the state of schools, current active living policies and programs, and ways to improve the health of all students.
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Historic Neighborhood Schools in the Age of Sprawl: Why Johnny Can't Walk to School

Source: National Trust for Historic Preservation
This report examines public policies that affect the neighborhoods in which schools function and the ability of communities to save still serviceable, landmark schools.
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Home Zone Concepts and New Jersey

Source: Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University
This report probes the potential for the application of the Dutch concept of woonerf, or Home Zone, for the United States, and particularly New Jersey.
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How Land Use and Transportation Systems Impact Public Health

Source: Active Community Environtments (ACES)
This review discusses how urban form affects public health, specifically through the ways in which the built environment encourages or discourages physical activity levels.
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If We Build It, Will They Come?

Source: The Washinton State Department of Transportation
This project describes the Washington State Department of Transportation's (WSDOT) methodology to identify the potential number of pedestrian trips within a suburban roadway corridor.
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Impact of Pedestrian Presence on Movement of Left-Turning Vehicles

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This report discusses pedestrian-detection mechanisms that may be useful in intersection warning systems with thresholds for warnings that are adjusted for pedestrians when they are present or in the vicinity of the destination crosswalk.
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Improving Pedestrian Access to Transit

Source: WalkBoston
This paper illustrates key steps that activists can take to ensure that mass transit supports community needs and creates livable communities through improved pedestrian access.
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Increasing Physical Activity Through Community Design

Source: National Center for Biking & Walking
This guide describes how to help create places for people to walk and bicycle.
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Is it Safe to Walk? Neighborhood Safety and Security Conditions and Their Effects on Walking

Source: Journal of Planning Literature
This article focuses on a particular environmental variable, the safety of neighborhood surroundings, and explores how it is influencing physical activity. This resource can be purchased through the Sage Journals Online,
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Lessons from Katrina and Rita: What Major Disasters Can Teach Transportation Planners

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper examines failures in hurricane Katrina and Rita emergency response and their lessons for transportation planning in other communities.
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Little Steps, Bigger Ones to Protect Pedestrians

Source: Insurance Insitute for Highway Safety, Status Report
This report discusses the history of pedestrian-vehicle conflicts, describes typical crash types, and gives examples of different counter-measures to help improve the pedestrian environment.
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Low Income Childhood Pedestrian Injury: Understanding the Disparate Risk

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper proposes a model for understanding child pedestrian exposure and risk and its relationship to socioeconomic status.
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Making America Walkable: It's a Challenge We All Share

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This Federal Highway Administration insight article discusses the challenges facing pedestrians in current city design and ways to improve pedestrian safety.
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Making Your Community Walkable and Bikeable

Source: Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, UNC School of Public Health
This guidebook helps community groups, organizations, and concerned individuals learn how to collaborate with planning staff and other officials to improve their local roads for walking and bicycling.
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Mean Streets: How Far Have We Come?

Source: Suface Transportation Policy Project
This report analyzes ten years of data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) maintained by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to determine which metropolitan areas and states have grown more dangerous for walkers,
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Measuring Sprawl and Its Impact

Source: Smart Growth America
This report summarizes a three-year study by Ewing, Pendall, and Chen that attempted to define, measure and evaluate metropolitan sprawl and its impact. This report is the first in a series of findings to be issued based on the ongoing analysis of that work.
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Neighborhood-Scale Planning Tools to Create Active, Livable Communities

Source: Local Government Commission, Active Living Leadership
This guide is a tool for community members to use to help create a more active, livable community.
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Overcoming Opposition to Bicycling, Walking and Trail Development

Source: National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
This report focuses on ways to create trails in communities with localized resistance to the construction.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Evaluation for the City of Emeryville at Four Intersections

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This study attempts to predict the impacts of increasing volumes of vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic in Emeryville, California.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Standards and Innovations in Large Central Cities

Source: Rudin Center for Transportation Policy and Management at NYU Wagner
The report reviews how best to accommodate the use of bicycles and walking while ensuring safety and sufficient mobility for motor vehicles for large central cities and provides examples of best practices in various cities nationally and internationally.
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Pedestrian Design Treatments

Source: Washington State Department of Transportation
These diagrams provide illustrative examples of different design treatments for intersections.
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Pedestrian Grade Separation Locations: A Priority Ranking System

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report describes the development of a priority ranking system for locations whre the installation of a pedestrian grade separation is proposed.
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Pedestrian Safety Roadshow: Albany Street Bridge Corridor

Source: Voorhees Transportation Center, New Jersey Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
This document is a summary of the results of the Pedestrian Safety Roadshow that examined pedestrian safety along the Albany Street Bridge corridor in New Jersey.
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Pennsylvania's Traffic Calming Handbook

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
"Pennsylvania's Traffic Calming Handbook" provides guidance for PennDOT when considering the use of traffic calming measures on State roadways in Pennsylvania.
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Railbanking Factsheet

Source: Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
This fact sheet is resource for community members to use to help maintain rail easements and convert them to public trails.
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Rails-Trails and Community Sentiment

Source: Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
This report examines 125 trails that opened between January 1, 1994 and August 31, 1996 in an effort to accurately depict the level of opposition that trail projects routinely encounter.
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Rails-Trails and Safe Communities

Source: Rails-to-Trails Conservancy, National Park Service
This paper discusses the results of a survey of all rail-trail managers and documents the level of crime on trails and identify the mitigation measures used by trail designers and managers.
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Relationship Between Urban Sprawl and Physical Activity, Obesity, and Morbidity

Source: American Journal of Health Promotion, Vol 18.1
This ecologic study reveals that urban form could be significantly associated with some forms of physical activity and some health outcomes.
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Review and Comparison of NJ Traffic Signal Standards for Striping Schemes for Pedestrian Crossings

Source: Voorhees Transportation Policy Institute
This paper presents findings of enhanced and more innovative practices of traffic signal standards and striping schemes that could be applied to pedestrian crossings throughout New Jersey.
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Road Diets: Fixing the Big Roads

Source: Walkable Communities
This paper explores the use of road diets to manage vehicular transportation.
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Safety in Numbers: More Walkers and Bicyclists, Safer Walking and Bicycling

Source: Injury Prevention
This paper examines the relationship between the numbers of people walking or bicycling and the frequency of collisions between motorists and walkers or bicyclists.
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Second Generation Traffic Calming Project

Source: Creative Communities International
The goal of the book is to give cities and residents new tools to tame traffic that don't interfere with existing measures, particularly around schools and in neighborhoods.
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Status Report: Roundabouts

Source: Insurance Institute for Highway Safety
This status report reviews studies concerning motorist and pedestrian safety in roundabouts.
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Streets for People: Your Guide to Winning Safer and Quieter Streets

Source: Transportation Alternatives
Streets for Poeple is a tool kit of solutions for traffic problems around New York City, which can be applied elsewhere. The document includes information of crashes, highlights case studies, and reviews a number of traffic calming measures.
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Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Travel

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report summarizes the results of the work performed under the project Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Traffic.
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Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper discusses the current and potential problems with automobile dependent societies.
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The Economic and Social Benefits of Off-Road Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities

Source: National Bicycle and Pedestrian Clearinghouse
This article investigates the economic and social benefits of multi-use off-road trails.
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The Economic Benefits of Trails

Source: American Hiking Society
This fact sheet descirbes the economic benefits of trails. It finds that the presence of trails encourages the growth of "clean" industries and businesses, helps increase the property values of surrounding lots,
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The Effects of Roundabouts on Pedestrian Safety

Source: The Southeastern Transportation Center
This paper examines pedestrian safety at roundabouts in the United States using a literature review along with case study analysis, statistical analysis, and simulation analysis to compare pedestrian safety at a conventional signalized intersection to a case study modern roundabout.
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The Influence of Vertical Illuminance on Pedestrian Visibility in Crosswalk

Source: 18th Biennial Transportation Research Board Visibility Symposium
This project investigates the required lighting levels for crosswalk illumination.
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Trail Intersection Design Handbook

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
This detailed handbook discusses design processes and principles of designing trail/roadway intersections.
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The Relative Risks of School Travel

Source: Transportation Research Board
This report provides estimates of the relative risk among school travel modes using available information collected at the national level.
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Traffic Calming Policy Manual

Source: Municipality of Anchorage Traffic Department
This manual provides a toolbox of traffic calming measures, their effectiveness and some basic guidelines for their implementation.
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Trails and Greenways for Livable Communities

Source: Trails and Greenways Clearinghouse
This paper discusses the role of trails in the design and walkability of a community. It looks at ways to combat sprawl with design and notes that trails and greenways act as solutions for better design.
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Trends in Walking for Transportation in the United States, 1995 and 2001

Source: Preventing Chronic Disease, Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy
This study examines trends in walking for transportation among U.S. adults and youth
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Walkable Communities: Twelve Steps for an Effective Program

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
This document provides a 12 step program for community members to help create a walkable community in which to live.
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What is Traffic Calming?

Source: Delaware Valley Regional Planning Commission
This image-rich PowerPoint presentation gives a short history of the pedestrian in transportation planning, and illustrates different traffic calming strategies used in various communities.
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An Easy to Compute Index for Identifying Built Environments That Support Walking

Source: The Planning and Physical Activity Project at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and the University of Maryland at College Park
This paper builds on prior practical and research applications of ... environmental scores or indices by proposing and testing a built environment index (BEI) calculated at the traffic analysis zone and that relies predominantly on widely available data.
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New Community Design to the Rescue

Source: National Governor's Association
This paper discusses the merits of New Community Design (NCD) and the ability of NCD to end sprawl and improve community health.
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Rails with Trails in Canada

Source: Trails Canada
This article outlines some of the potential benefits of rails with trails, concerns, design elements to be considered, and highlights of existing Canadian examples.
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Remarks of Martin E. Robbins: Moving Transportation in the Right Direction

Source: Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University
These are the remarks of Martin E. Robins, Director of the Voorhees Transportation Policy Institute from his talk entitled "Moving Transportation in the Right Direction."
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School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas research project was to develop guidelines for the protection of young pedestrians (5 -14 yrs) walking to and from school, entering and leaving school buses,
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Danish Road Directorate

Source: Danish Ministry of Transport and Energy
The mission of the Danish Road Directorate is to manage the national roads, which carry almost 30 % of the total transport volume in Denmark. The site contains crash statistics, training information,
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Transportation Association of Canada

Source: Transportation Association of Canada
The Transportation Association of Canada is a national association with a mission to promote the provision of safe, secure, efficient, effective and environmentally and financially sustainable transportation services in support of Canada'
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Walkability Checklist

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
Checklist developed by the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation (PENNDOT) to assess the safety and design compliance of pedestrian and bicycle facilities in Pennsylvania.
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School Site Assessment for Traffic Safety

Source: Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program
Tool developed by the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program to examine biking and walking conditions at the school campus.
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California Walk to School Day Walkability Checklist

Source: California Walk to School Headquarters
Checklist developed by the California Walk to School Headquarters to promote walking to school, identify barriers, and collect behavioral data about walking to school.
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Access Audit Checklist

Source: Sustrans
Tool developed by United Kingdom organization Sustrans to measure the accessibility of paths without motorized traffic.
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Bike Walk Virginia

Source: Bike Walk Virginia
BikeWalk Virginia is an educational nonprofit organization that conducts advocacy, education, and training programs.
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Better Environmentally Sound Transportation (BEST)

Source: Better Environmentally Sound Transportation
BEST is an advocacy organization that offers volunteer opportunities and works with planners and elected officials to support green transportation in Vancouver and across Canada.
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Conservation Law Foundation

Source: Conservation Law Foundation
This site contains news updates, research publications, an events calendar, legislative action opportunities, and specific fact sheets on smart growth in New England.
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PlannersWeb - Planning Commissioners Journal

Source: Planning Commissioners Journal
This website offers a variety of resources for non-professional citizen planners.
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City of Cambridge, MA Environmental and Transportation Division

Source: City of Cambridge
The City of Cambridge's pedestrian program works to improve walking conditions in the city through engineering improvements, promotional activities, and educational project.
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Oregon Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Program

Source: State of Oregon
This site provides infomation for local residents in addition to a variety of resources adaptable to general users, including design guides and standard drawings.
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Links to pedestrian issues and organizations provided by PEDS

Source: Pedestrians Educating Drivers on Safety, Inc. (PEDS)
This page provides links to both Atlanta-based and national organizations including neighborhood associations, transportation agencies, and advocacy groups.
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School Administrator's Guide to School Walk Routes and Student Pedestrian Safety

Source: Washington Traffic Safety Commission and Washington State DOT
The School Administrator's Guide to School Walk Routes and Student Pedestrian Safety provides resources to help develop, maintain, and improve school walk routes.
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An Analysis of North Carolina Guidelines and Criteria for Establishing School Walk Zones

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation, North Carolina State University, University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center
The North Carolina Department of Transportation (NCDOT) initiated a project to research the potential for development of standardized school walk zone policies for the state. This report contains the results and recommendations of the study.
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Environmental Factors Associated with Adults' Participation in Physical Activity.

Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This paper provides an overview of the measures that have been used to assess environmental attributes and to review the patterns of environment-behavior associations that have thus far been identified.
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Role of Environmental Attributes in Explaining Pedestrian-Vehicular Crashes near Public Schools

Source: Transportation Research Board
This study analyzes pedestrian-vehicular crashes to determine any relationships that may exist between crashes near public schools and the physical and social attributes of these schools. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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How the Built Environment Affects Physical Activity

Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
This article reviews the current methods of measuring the built environment and travel behavior, and discusses the challenges to determining the connection between environment and physical activity.
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The Impact of Community Design and Land-Use Choices on Public Health

Source: American Journal of Public Health
This report describes 37 questions that resulted from a workshop on the relationship between the built environment and physical and mental health. The full text may be obtained from PubMed Central at the link below.
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FITTING PLACES: How the Built Environment Affects Active Living and Active Transportation.

Source: Go for Green
This discussion paper is intended to provide an introduction to how the design of cities and town influences the behavior of the people who live in them.
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Completing the Streets for Transit

Source: National Complete Streets Coalition, Transportation Planning Capacity Building Program
The National Complete Streets Coalition is working to fully integrate multi-modal planning practices into everyday activities at transportation planning agencies.
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Effective Visualization Techniques for the Public Presentation of Transportation Projects

Source: New England Transportation Consortium, University of Connecticut
The purpose of this project was to look at ways to develop more coherent and effective approaches for presenting transportation projects to the public.
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Transportation-Related Land Use Strategies to Minimize Motor Vehicle Emissions

Source: California Air Resources Board
The report suggests community-level performance goals that can reasonably be attained in urban, suburban and rural/exurban communities by implementing packages of transportation-related land use strategies in coordination with a multimodal transportation system.
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Guidelines for Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities in Texas

Source: Texas Transportation Institute, Texas Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
An overview of the process for planning various types of bicycle and pedestrian projects is provided.
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How to enhance WALking and CYcliNG instead of shorter car trips and to make these modes safer (WALCYNG)

Source: Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering, University of Lund, Sweden
The purpose of this document is to examine conditions and measures which may enhance walking and cycling instead of making shorter car trips.
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National Survey on Active Transportation

Source: Go for Green
The major objective of the 1998 National Survey on Active Transportation is to establish a baseline of participation in active transportation (walking and cycling) among adults and school aged children in Canada.
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A Study of Land Use, Transportation, Air Quality, and Health (LUTAQH) in King County, WA

Source: Lawrence Frank & Co., GeoStats, Inc, San Diego State University, University of Cincinnati
This research documents the impact of land use decisions and transportation investments and suggests strategies for allocating resources to encourage more compact, mixed use neighborhoods with more transportation choices.
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Reevaluating The Role Of Highway Expansion For Improving Urban Transportation

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This report investigates claims that highway capacity expansion is a cost effective and desirable solution to urban traffic congestion problems.
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Community Design and Transportation Policies

Source: The Physician and Sports Medicine
This article discusses the benefits of and the challenges to promoting physical activity through urban design.
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Community Design, Active Living and Public Health

Source: AICP, Local Government Commission
This PowerPoint presentation walks the viewer through documents that explain how communities can be made safer for pedestrians and automobile traffic in order to increase physical activity.
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Measuring the Health Effects of Sprawl

Source: Smart Growth America, Surface Transportation Policy Project
This report presents the first national study to show a clear association between the type of place people live and their activity levels, weight, and health.
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The Influence of Traffic Calming Devices Upon Fire Vehicle Travel Times

Source: Portland Department of Transportation
The paper presents the results of a research project conducted by the City of Portland to measure the affects of both traffic circles and speed bumps on response times for various types of fire apparatus.
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Achieving Support for Traffic Mitigation from Elected Officials and Emergency Services

Source: City of Phoenix, Arizona, Institute of Transportation Engineers
This paper discusses techniques for achieving support from neighborhood residents, elected officials, emergency service providers, and more. Also provided is a brief introduction to Phoenix and a description of Phoenix'
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Smart Mobility Framework: Phase I Report (Revised) Definition and Principles Workshop Summary

Source: Caltrans and Environmental Protection Agency
A joint project by Caltrans and EPA to develop a framework for classifying and prioritizing transportation and development projects with a multimodal approach. Caltrans is currently developing this into a Smart Mobility Handbook.
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Pedestrian- and Transit-Friendly Design

Source: Florida Department of Transportation and American Planning Association
A quick guide to pedestrian needs that must be considered during development. Attention is given to the placement of parks, buildings, transit stops, and sidewalks that create a network to connect these amenities.
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Special Report: Accessible Public Rights-of-Way Planning and Design for Alterations

Source: Public Rights-of-Way Access Advisory Committee
This technical assistance publication has been developed to provide guidance in the planning and design of pedestrian improvements constructed as part of an alteration project.
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Making Crosswalks Safer for Pedestrians: Application of a Multidisciplinary Approach to Improve Pedestrian Safety at Crosswalks in St. Petersburg, Florida

Source: Center for Urban Transportation Research
Overview of the multidisciplinary program implemented in St. Petersburg, Florida to increase motorists yielding to pedestrians, reduce pedestrian-motor vehicle, and increase pedestrians' feelings of comfort and safety in crosswalks.
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Sustainable Transport that Works

Source: World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This paper describes how Germany has balanced high levels of car ownership with safe, convenient, and integrated public transport, cycling, and walking alternatives.
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Cycling for a Few or for Everyone

Source: World Transport Policy and Practice, Vol. 15, No. 1
This article reports empirical evidence that multi-faceted strategies (education, enforcement, and provision of facilities) are more effective in increasing cycling safety and raising overall cycling levels.
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Walk the Walk

Source: Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives (T.A.) identifies dangerous intersections, streets and walking zones of particular use to seniors, and aims to transform them into places that are safe and enjoyable for seniors.
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Transportation-Efficient Land Use Mapping Index(TELUMI)

Source: Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
The objective of this project was to devise a conceptually simple tool that operationalized the complex relationship between land use and travel behavior.
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ADA Transition Plans

Source: The National Academies, National Academy of Sciences, National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The purpose of this document is to ensure that ideas, information, and practices concerning the development and updating of Transition Plans are recognized, recorded, and shared among Departments of Transportation.
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National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project

Source: Alta Planning and Design and the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Pedestrian and Bicycle Council
This nationwide effort provides consistent model of data collection and ongoing data for use by planners, governments, and bicycle and pedestrian professionals.
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Measuring Walking

Source: European Cooperation in Science and Technology [COST], Pedestrian Quality Needs [PQN], Walk21
Measuring Walking is a joint (informal) project of the European COST Action 358 'Pedestrian Quality Needs' and the WALK21 international conference series.
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Planning for Bicyclists, Pedestrians, and Transit Riders

Source: Montana Department of Transportation
Transportation planning strategies to help promote walking, biking, and transit use as well as integrate such travel modes into the local community planning realm provided by the Montana DOT.
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Toward Universal Access: Americans with Disabilities Act Sidewalk and Curb Ramp Self-Evaluation Report for the City of Bellevue

Source: City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This report pinpoints pedestrian facilities requiring additional assessment and potential modification to ensure that the City's public rights-of-way meet ADA standards.
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City of Bellevue Pedestrian & Bicycle Transportation Plan Report

Source: City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This report contains information on the policies and projects in the Pedestrian and Bicycle Transportation Facility Plan, and describes the deliberative process that created it.
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Complete Streets: Best Policy and Implementation Practices

Source: American Planning Association (APA)
Drawing on lessons learned from more than 30 communities around the country, this report provides insight into successful policy and implementation practices that have resulted in complete streets.
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Recreational Trails Program

Source: Coalition for Recreational Trails
The Coalition for Recreational Trails with the Federal Highway Administration, developed a database of State trail projects that had received funding from the Recreational Trails Program since the program'
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Complete Streets Policy Analysis 2010

Source: National Complete Streets Coalition
This report documents the rapid growth of Complete Streets policy adoption and provides a standard analysis of the content of more than 200 written policies adopted before January 1, 2011.
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Suitability Study for a Bicycle Sharing Program in Sacramento, California

Source: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
This report presents the findings of a study of local conditions in Sacramento and how they might support a bicycle sharing program in the near future.
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Transport Policy in Perspective: 2010

Source: Japan Research Center for Transport Policy
A booklet giving a general view of the trends in policy and research concerning motor vehicles and road traffic in Japan.
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Building Community Support for Pedestrian Safety and Developing a Blueprint for Action

Source: 2004 National Congress of Pedestrian Advocates
This presentation describes the pedestrian safety campaign undertaken by Montgomery County, Maryland in 2004 including education, enforcement, engineering, and media elements.
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Bus Stop Style Guide

Source: PPK Environment & Infrastructure
This document is a style guide for bus stops in urban areas in New South Wales.
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Creating More Walkable Communities

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This presentation discusses the health and community benefits of walking, illustrates the barriers to walking, and suggests strategies to use in order to create a more walkable community.
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Encouraging Walking: Advice to Local Authorities

Source: Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions: London
This report discusses the benefits of walking and policy decisions that can encourage people to get outside and walk.
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Oaklyn Borough, NJ Pedestrian/Bicycle Study

Source: Borough of Oaklyn, Camden County New Jersey
In this final report, Urbitran Associates, Inc. identifies strategies and recommendations for six locations in order to create adequate facilities for both bicyclists and pedestrians.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Facilities in California

Source: California Department of Transportation
The primary purpose of this document is to provide Caltrans staff with a synthesis of information on non-motorized transportation.
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Personal Security Issues in Pedestrian Journeys

Source: The Department for Transport (UK)
This report is part of a program of initiatives to improve personal security for both transport passengers and pedestrians.
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Real Intersection Design

Source: Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University, New Jersey Department of Transportation Office of Bicycle and Pedestrian Programs
This report documents a workshop created to deal with poor intersection design in Ocean City.
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Still At Risk: Pedestrian Safety in New Jersey

Source: Tri-State Transportation Campaign
This report provides various recommendations for improving the pedestrian environment from lessons learned in New Jersey.
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Neighborhood Site Assessment

Source: Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program
Tool developed by the Florida Traffic and Bicycle Safety Education Program to examine biking and walking conditions on the route to school.
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Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition

Source:
The Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition's mission is to promote bicycling and walking in Vermont, emphasizing access, safety, and education.
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City of Boulder, CO Transportation Planning

Source: City of Boulder
The site of the the Transportation Planning Department for the City of Boulder provides information to residents on the City plans and projects, as well as several incident reporting forms.
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City of Tallahassee, FL Bike and Pedestrian Program

Source: City of Tallahassee
This site hosts the Tallahassee Bicycle & Pedestrian Plan in addition to offering various other resources.
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Montgomery County, MD Pedestrian Safety

Source: Montgomery County
The Montgomery County Pedestrian Safety site details the extensive education campaigns that have been conducted over the past years. Other resources include a safety quiz and tips, local news and events,
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St. Louis Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Program

Source: East-West Gateway Council of Governments
The St. Louis Bicycle and Pedestrian Program includes projects to develop a level of service map for bicyclists and a citizen advisory committee.
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Wisconsin Department of Transportation Bicycle and Pedestrian Information

Source: Wisconsin Department of Transportation
This site provides the state bicycle and pedestrian plans, in addition to safety and crash information for citizens and instructors.
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Northwestern University Traffic Institute

Source: Northwestern University
The Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and Traffic Institute provides information on available courses, training sessions, and conferences.
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Pedestrian Safety Implementation Plan for Reducing Pedestrian/Vehicle Collisions

Source: Wisconsin Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
This slideshow presents characteristics of pedestrians crashed in Washington State and provides recommended policy, education, and funding strategies.
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Health Impacts of the Built Environment

Source: Institute of Public Health in Ireland
This review is the third in the series and illustrates how the built environment impacts on health.
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National Scan of Actions to Address the Relationship between Built Environments, Physical Activity and Obesity

Source: Chronic Disease Prevention Alliance of Canada (CDPAC), Public Health Agency of Canada
This report reviews recent literature on health and the built environment, and discusses various related organizations and the resources they offer.
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Report on Public Health and Urban Sprawl in Ontario

Source: Ontario College of Family Physicians
This report summarizes pertinent information on the relationship between urban sprawl and health. It serves to identify the key issues that are relevant to the growing number of sprawl-related health problems in Ontario which is comparable to US situations and is far worse compared to Europe.
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Planning for the Utilization of Pedestrian Underpasses: A Case Study of Delhi, India

Source: Transportion Research Board
The objectives of this study are to identify and analyze the reasons for underutilization of underpasses in Delhi and to recommend possible modifications in their planning and design criteria. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board,
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Making Roads Safe for Pedestrians or Keeping them Out of the Way?

Source: Transportation Research Board
This historical look at pedestrian policies in Britain explores the development of footpaths, pedestrian crossings and road safety with the aim of providing an understanding of how this development can provide perspectives on current pedestrian policies.
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Walking the Walk: How Walkability Raises Home Values in U.S. Cities

Source: CEOs for Cities
This paper explores the connection between home values and walkability, as measured by the Walk Score algorithm.
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