Educating Children Ages 1 to 5

Whether a child is still a bicycle passenger traveling with a parent or adult on an approved child safety seat or just beginning to try riding under adult supervision, it's never too soon to start teaching her or him the basics of bicycling safety.

Although preschool-aged cyclists do not have the cognitive skills necessary to deal with complex cycling situations, it is vital that this age group begin learning basic safety rules alongside fundamental motor skills. Getting a head start on safety now will put kids on the track to smart lifelong cycling.


Children under the age of 1 should never be transported on a bicycle. Until a child is able to hold up his or her head independently, do not allow her or him to ride as a passenger.

And while many children under the age of 5 may not be ready to cycle, for those who want to learn, they must always remain under the close supervision of a parent or other adult caretaker.

Tools and Skills

For the preschool-aged cyclist, learning to control a bicycle while beginning to understand the ways to be careful when you cycle is the most important lesson a child of this age can grasp.

For preschoolers who are still strictly bicycle seat passengers, talk to them about safety as you cycle. Explain why you are stopping to look for traffic, etc. Remember, children will learn to do whatever they see parents and adults do!

Bicycles are fun to ride, but they are not toys. Teach preschool cyclists that bicycles are different from a Big Wheel or a toy tricycle. Never let them ride without an adult.

Teach the under 5 cyclist to balance and control the bicycle, to cycle in a straight line, to turn without falling, to pedal smoothly, to stop and start.

Teach preschool cyclists how a crash can happen and how to look out for things that could hurt them: Watch out for cars going in and out of driveways. Stay away from cars with engines running. Stop when you get to the end of a sidewalk or driveway. Watch out for other bicyclists and pedestrians.

Also, remember to always wear a helmet.