Enforcement:
Resources

79 results found. Listed below are the most recent Enforcement resources. To view or search through all resources, visit our library search.


Police Enforcement and Driving Speed

Source: Institute for Road Safety Research (SWOV)
The paper evaluates current techniques used by police to enforce speed limits, and recommends new strategies.
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The National Bicycling and Walking Study

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report draws upon all of the work completed until 1994 in outlining a plan of action to promote bicycling and walking as viable transportation options for more Americans.
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Walk Wise, Drive Smart

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
"Walk Wise, Drive Smart" was created to improve pedestrian safety and walkability for older adults in the greater Hendersonville, North Carolina community.
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New Jersey Safety along Railroads: Short-Term Action Plan

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This action plan was developed to improve pedestrian safety near rail corridors in New Jersey.
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State by State Yielding Laws

Source: America Walks, Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This database provides information about each state's crosswalk laws.
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A Technical Guide for Conducting Pedestrian Safety Assessments for California Communities

Source: University of California, Berkeley Institute of Transportation Studies
The first edition of this guidebook was based on material contained in the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) report, Pedestrian Road Safety Audit Guidelines and Prompt Lists (July 2007).
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Training Law Enforcement Officers to Enforce Pedestrian and Bicycle Laws: Watch for Me NC

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
The UNC Highway Safety Research Center partnered with the North Carolina DOT, local municipalities, county governments, and others to develop a pilot pedestrian and bicycle safety program in the Triangle region.
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Pedestrian Safety Enforcement Operations: A How-To Guide

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The objective of this guide is to provide tips and guidance on how States and communities can effectively deploy pedestrian safety enforcement operations to reduce pedestrian injuries and fatalities.
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Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide

Source: FHWA
This Separated Bike Lane Planning and Design Guide outlines planning considerations for separated bike lanes (also sometimes called "cycle tracks" or "protected bike lanes") and provides a menu of design optionscovering typical one and two-
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Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings

Source: Transit Cooperative Research Program and National Cooperative Highway Research Program
TCRP Report 112/NCHRP Report 562: Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings will be of interest to state, county, and city traffic engineers; transit agencies; roadway designers; and urban planners,
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Vision Zero Cities 2016

Source: Transporation Alternatives
Vision Zero Cities features insights from an international braintrust of experts in the public and private sector.
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States 2016

Source: Alliance for Biking and Walking
The Alliance for Biking & Walking has been tracking data across the U.S. through the Benchmarking Project since 2003. Every two years, the project team releases an updated report with the most recent data available,
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Advancing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety: A Primer for Highway Safety Professionals

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This primer is a reference for integrated and improved pedestrian and bicycle safety, summarizing the most promising infrastructure and behavioral programs addressing specific safety problems and highlighting implementation strategies.
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Effect of Electronic Device Use on Pedestrian Safety

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This literature review summarizes pedestrian distraction, driver distraction, and pedestrian-vehicle interactions.
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Pursuing Equity in Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This white paper discusses ways transportation planners and others can work to incorporate the pedestrian and bicycle needs of traditionally underserved communities into their transportation planning.
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National Bicycling and Walking Study - Ten Year Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT)
The US Department of Transportation released this 10-year Status Report to track its progress and activities towards implementing the National Walking and Bicycling Study.
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PEDSAFE: Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian Safety Guide and Countermeasure Selection System is intended to provide practitioners with the latest information available for improving the safety and mobility of those who walk. The online tools provide the user with a list of possible engineering,
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Pedestrian Synthesis Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The following document summarizes research on pedestrian safety in the United States with a focus on crash characteristics and the safety effects of various roadway features and traffic-control devices;
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Federal Highway Administration University Course on Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The FHWA University Course contains modular resource material that is intended for use in university courses on bicycle and pedestrian transportation.
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An Evaluation of 3D/4D Visualization: North & South Roosevelt Blvds. Key West, Florida

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) & Florida Department of Transportation
This CD-ROM documents the process that is involved in the use of 3D and 4D visualization technologies.
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Evaluation of Automated Pedestrian Detection at Signalized Intersections

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Automated pedestrian detection systems provide the means to detect the presence of pedestrians as they approach the curb prior to crossing the street, and then "call" the Walk signal without any action required on the part of the pedestrian.
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National Bicycling and Walking Study - Five Year Status Report

Source: United States Department of Transportation
The National Bicycle and Walking Study presents a plan of action for activities at the Federal, State, and local levels for increasing the amount of walking and bicycling in the United States.
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How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan offers guidance that can help municipalities determine and solve their pedestrian safety concerns, from identifying pedestrian safety problems to obtaining funding and enacting change.
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Improving Conditions for Bicycling and Walking

Source: Rails to Trails Conservancy, Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This "Best Practices" report provides information on some outstanding pedestrian and bicycle projects that have been recognized for increasing walking and bicycling and improving user safety in communities across the United States.
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International Synthesis Report: United Kingdom

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This is a review of recent research on pedestrian safety carried out in the United Kingdom. A comprehensive list of references is provided. The report covers many types of pedestrian facilities, the UK pedestrian safety record,
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Pedestrian Safety in Native America

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Since American Indians have the highest rates of pedestrian injury and fatality in the country, this study was performed to typify crashes among American Indians in the United States.
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Design Speed, Operating Speed, and Posted Speed Practices

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
This report discusses the criteria used to evaluate highway and street designs, including the presence of bicycle and pedestrian traffic
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Pedestrian Access to Roundabouts: Assessment of Motorists' Yielding to Visually Impaired Pedestrians and Potential Treatments to Improve Access

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report describes two related studies intended to address double-lane roundabout accessibility issues for visually impaired pedestrians.
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Safe Kids Worldwide Global Road Safety

Source: Safe Kids Worldwide, United Nations
This report provides information on several Safe Kids Worldwide road safety programs in different countries. Summaries describe the particular problem to be treated, the solution, the program used, and outcomes.
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Case Study No. 11: Balancing Engineering, Education, Law Enforcement, and Encouragement

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report suggests a four-step process through which a community can implement a comprehensive "4-e" program to encourage non-motorized transportation. It includes suggestions for collecting basic data,
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Case Study No. 13: A Synthesis of Existing Bicyclist and Pedestrian Related Laws and Enforcement Programs

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The objective of this project was to compile a comprehensive set of laws and ordinances which may be adapted as necessary and passed by individual governing bodies.
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Model Pedestrian Safety Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This Supplement to the Model Pedestrian Safety Program User's Guide provides detailed information on specific pedestrian safety countermeasures.
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Community Action and Fundraising in Portland, Oregon

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community group in Portland partners with a local business, the city, and DOT to improve the pedestrian environment through specially designed umbrellas and multiple engineering measures.
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Phoenix School Safety Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Phoenix task force results in successful statewide program for improving pedestrian safety in school zones through education, enforcement, and multiple engineering measures.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Campaign

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Burlington uses an annual pedestrian safety campaign, including education, enforcement, and engineering measures, to institutionalize pedestrian and bicycle safety in the community.
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Pedestrian Safety Enforcement DVDs

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian and bicycle safety enforcement DVDs used in Wisconsin to educate and train local traffic officers, drivers education students, and members of the general public.
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Missoula Pedestrian Safety Campaign

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Missoula combines radio and television announcements with targeted enforcement to increase yielding rates of drivers for pedestrians in crosswalks.
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Look Out For Each Other, Share the Responsibility

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Television, radio, billboards, and other publicizing methods are used in Edmonton, along with targeted enforcement, to reduce pedestrian collisions and fatalities.
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Info 2 Share

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Combination of low-cost engineering, education, and high-level enforcement reduce jaywalking and pedestrian fatalities on corridor in New Jersey.
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Capitol Building Intersection Renovation

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Crosswalk redesign, land reductions, access management, and targeted enforcement used to create a safer pedestrian environment around Tallahassee capitol building.
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FHWA Office of Highway Safety

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This site contains information aboutpolicy, facts and statistics, design guidelines, crash analysis, safety education, and more concerning both pedestrians and bicyclists.
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AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety

Source: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
This site provides education and research material to government agencies, educational institutions, advocacy organizations, and schools.
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Active Living Network Storybank

Source: Active Living Network
The Active Living Storybank is a searchable database of projects, programs and initiatives around the country promoting health through changes in the built environment.
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Florida Department of Transportation Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Program

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Program works in many areas to promote safe walking and bicycling in Florida.
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Texas Transportation Institute

Source: Texas Transportation Institute
This site provides a searchable database of the institute's numerous research reports.
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University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources.
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Motorist Yielding to Pedestrians at Unsignalized Intersections

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper describes the evaluation of engineering treatments that can be used to improve the safety of pedestrians crossing in marked crosswalks on busy arterial streets. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Human Factors Literature Reviews on Intersections, Speed Management, Pedestrians and Bicyclists, and Visibility

Source:
The report is a comprehensive and easy-to-use resource that summarizes the knowledge and practices that are relevant to human cognition, perception, and behavior in the areas of intersections, speed management,
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Law Enforcement Pedestrian Safety

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This manual is designed as a resource for police agencies needing to solve unfamiliar traffic safety problems.
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Synthesis of Safety Research Related to Speed and Speed Management

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report presents a synthesis of research findings on the safety effects of speed, speed limits, enforcement, and engineering measures to manage speed.
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City of Boulder Crosswalk Compliance Studies & Treatment Implementation

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Boulder conducts a crosswalk compliance study to determine the effectiveness of five different alternative treatments, and encourage walking.
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Traffic Safety Digest

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This page highlights case studies of pedestrian and bicycle safety projects around the United States, dating between 1996 and 2003.
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The Effects of NO TURN ON RED / YIELD TO PEDS Variable Message Signs on Motorist and Pedestrian Behavior

Source: Highway Safety Research Center, Florida Department of Transportation
This report evaluates the effects of variable message signs in Orlando, Florida, on motorist and pedestrian behavior.
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A Compendium of NHTSA's Pedestrian and Bicyclist Traffic Safety Research Projects, 1969-2007

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This compendium describes the pedestrian and bicyclist safety research conducted by the Office of Behavioral Safety Research and its predecessor organizations during the period 1969-2007.
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"Cross Safely Drive Safely"

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In order to prevent future pedestrian injuries at the University of Massachusetts, the UMass Police and UMassSAFE partnership worked together to develop and implement the "Cross Safely Drive Safely&
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New Jersey Governor's Pedestrian Safety Initiative

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The governor of New Jersey starts a Pedestrian Safety Initiative to reduce teh number of pedestrian fatalities across the state.
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A Resident's Guide for Creating Safer Communities for Walking and Biking

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This guide is intended to assist residents, parents, community association members, and others in getting involved in making communities safer for pedestrians and bicyclists. The guide includes facts,
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Evaluation of the Miami-Dade Pedestrian Safety Demonstration Project

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the success of a comprehensive pedestrian safety program in reducing pedestrian crashes in Miami-Dade County, Florida.
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Methods of Increasing Pedestrian Safety at Right-Turn-On-Red Intersections (User's Manual)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study sought to determine current motorist compliance to RTOR regulations, develop and test countermeasures for RTOR pedestrian crashes, and develop improved guidelines for prohibition of RTOR.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility in Europe

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of the 2009 international scanning study was to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility.
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Countermeasures That Work

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report explores highway safety strategies and countermeasures relevant to State Highway Safety Offices; summarizes their use, effectiveness, costs, and implementation; and provides references to research summaries and individual studies.
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'Cops in Crosswalks': Pedestrian Decoy Enforcement in New Jersey

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The New Jersey Pedestrian Decoy Safety Program, 'Cops in Crosswalks,' worked to raise awareness of pedestrian safety and new driving laws regarding crosswalks.
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Methods of Increasing Pedestrian Safety at Right-Turn-on-Red Intersections (Final Report)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this study was to determine current motorist compliance to RTOR regulations, develop and test countermeasures for RTOR pedestrian accidents, and develop guidelines for prohibition of RTOR.
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An Overview of Automated Enforcement Systems and Their Potential for Improving Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This paper explores the implications that automated enforcement systems, specifically red-light cameras and automated speed enforcement systems, can have on pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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Florida Pedestrian and Bicycle Research Reports

Source: Florida Department of Transportation
The Florida Department of Transportation conducts research on issues related to pedestrians and bicycles. Go to this section of the Department website to download some of the available reports (in pdf format)
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Field Evaluation of Experimental "In-Street" Yield to Pedestrian Signs in Madison, Wisconsin

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of a "Yield To Pedestrians" sign in increasing driver compliance with Wisconsin's pedestrian rights laws.
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Prevent Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Preventing Pedestrian Crashes: Preschool/Elementary School Children Provides information to parents on pedestrian risks for preschool and elementary school children. Safe and Sober Campaign. Taken from the NHTSA website.
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Streets in America Are Unsafe and Unforgiving For Kids

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Article by Pedestrian Safety Roadshow: Speeding cars, children darting into traffic, and streets without sidewalks place youth at risk on America's roads
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Hey! Older pedestrians need more time than that to cross a street!

Source: Highway Safety Research Center
This article focuses on the need for longer traffic walk lights, zoning, and education for the older pedestrian population. This article was written for the Partnership for a Walkable America by Emily Smith of the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center.
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Pedestrian Safety Talking Points

Source: NHTSA
This list of pedestrian safety talking points is a useful tool for making presentations to community groups and organizations. It explains the effects of motor vehicle crashes on pedestrian safety and provides statistics regarding pedestrian safety.
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Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals

Source: Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals
National membership group for planners, engineers, advocates, academics working to improve conditions for bicycling and walking.
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Resource Guide on Laws Related to Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
The resource guide contains a array of vehicle and traffic laws that may have the potential to affect pedestrian or bicycle safety, either positively or negatively. This guide is for anyone interested in vehicle and traffic laws and pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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Motorists, Bicyclists and Pedestrians: Sharing the Road Safely

Source: The New York State Department of Transportation
This training supplement is provided to trainers in Driver Improvement Programs to encourage motorists, bicyclists and pedestrians to safely share the road.
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What You Need to Know About Oregon Crosswalk Laws

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation
This brochure provides information for drivers regarding the safe way to drive, how to avoid hurting pedestrians, and the crosswalk laws in Oregon.
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What You Need to Know About Oregon Crosswalk Laws (Spanish)

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation
This Spanish-language brochure provides information and safety tips for drivers regarding the traffic and crosswalk laws in Oregon.
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Transportation Alternatives Citizens Group (New York City Area)

Source: Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives' mission is to reclaim New York City's streets from the automobile, and to advocate for bicycling, walking and public transit as the best transportation alternatives.
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Effect of 20 mph traffic speed zones on road injuries in London, 1986-2006: controlled interrupted time series analysis

Source:
Study conducted to quantify the effect of the introduction of 20 mph (32 km an hour) traffic speed zones on road collisions, injuries, and fatalities in London.
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Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition

Source:
The Vermont Bicycle and Pedestrian Coalition's mission is to promote bicycling and walking in Vermont, emphasizing access, safety, and education.
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Northwestern University Traffic Institute

Source: Northwestern University
The Northwestern University Center for Public Safety and Traffic Institute provides information on available courses, training sessions, and conferences.
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