More Performance Measurement Examples



Walk This Way: New Data for Pedestrian Safety

Source: StreetLight Data
Research report shares helpful ways to analyze pedestrian safety metrics.
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Practices for Selecting Pedestrian and Bicycle Projects

Source: Transportation Research Board
State departments of transportation (DOTs) conduct planning and administer funding programs for the implementation of pedestrian and bicycle projects.
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Advancing research in transportation and public health: A selection of twenty project ideas from a U.S. research roadmap

Source: Journal of Transport & Health
Builds on advancing research in transportation and public health by highlighting 20 priority research needs from the NCHRP Research Roadmap for Transportation and Public Health.
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Neighborhood Slow Zones

Source: New York City DOT
Describes countermeasures and evaluation used to slow traffic in identified neighborhoods.
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Evaluating the Economic Impact of Shared Use Paths in North Carolina

Source: Institute for Transportation Research and Education (ITRE) and Alta Planning and Design
Reports on designing and testing a methodology to evaluate a range of monetized benefits from four different trails.
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Rethinking Streets: An Evidence Based Design Manual on Making Streets into Complete Streets

Source: National Institute for Transportation and Communities
The National Institute for Transportation and Communities' free e-book includes examples and evaluation of complete streets projects across the U.S.
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Development of Low-Cost Methodology for Evaluating Pedestrian Safety in Support of Complete Streets Policy Implementation

Source: Transportation Research Record
This paper from the Transportation Research Record highlights a pedestrian safety evaluation method that further supports complete streets efforts.  
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Evaluating Complete Streets Projects: A Guide for Practitioners

Source: National Complete Streets Coalition
This resource, meant for agencies interested in but just beginning their project evaluation efforts, intends to provide general steps to take in evaluating projects and discuss useful measures for common Complete Streets goals of access,
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Pursuing Equity in Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning

Source: Pedestria and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC) and Federal Highway Administration
This white paper discusses ways to improve the ability of traditionally underserved communities to travel safely and conveniently via walking or wheeling in a sustainable, equitable transportati
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Methodology for Linking Greenways and Trails with Public Transportation in Florida

Source: National Center for Transportation Research (NCTR)
The purpose of this research was to provide a methodology to evaluate how intermodal connections between public transportation and public trails can improve livability in Florida communities.
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BikeHAWK: Adapting the pedestrian hybrid beacon to aid bicyclists crossing busy streets

Source: Richard Nassi, Diahn Swartz, Ann Chanecka, Paul Casertano, and Gabe Thum
This case study explains Tucson's experience with the BikeHAWK beacon, which uses a combination of MUTCD approved signs, signals, and markings to guide bicyclists through the intersection of residential and arterial streets.
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Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings

Source: Transit Cooperative Research Program and National Cooperative Highway Research Program
TCRP Report 112/NCHRP Report 562: Improving Pedestrian Safety at Unsignalized Crossings will be of interest to state, county, and city traffic engineers; transit agencies; roadway designers; and urban planners,
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Minnesota DOT Bicycle and Pedestrian Data Collection Manual

Source: Minnesota Department of Transportation
This manual summarizes the Minnesota DOT statewide bicycle and pedestrian data collection program, including goals, types of data to collect and best practices for sensor calibration and data analysis.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Forecasting Tools: State of the Practice

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Fehr & Peers
This white paper summarizes the state of the practice of bicycle and pedestrian forecasting tools, and suggests potential next steps to improve them.
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Statewide Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning Handbook

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this handbook is to help State departments of transportation (DOTs) develop or update State pedestrian and bicycle plans. Based on research including interviews with nine State DOTs and critical evaluations of plans and associated documents from 15 States (
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Training Law Enforcement Officers to Enforce Pedestrian and Bicycle Laws: Watch for Me NC

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
The UNC Highway Safety Research Center partnered with the North Carolina DOT, local municipalities, county governments, and others to develop a pilot pedestrian and bicycle safety program in the Triangle region.
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Regional Rail-Trail

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The American Tobacco Trail (ATT) is a 22+ mile shared-use path that begins in the City of Durham and extends through the Research Triangle region of North Carolina. The trail is located in a former railroad right-
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Crossing an Arterial through an Offset Intersection: Bicycle-Only Center-Turn Lane

Source: City of Portland, Oregon
This treatment successfully addressed three criteria: it offered a refuge for crossing bicyclists and allowed them to cross one direction of traffic at a time; it maintained all automotive turning movements;
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Evaluation of Bicycle-Related Roadway Measures: A Summary of Available Research

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This document represents an effort to compile all known research on the effect of the bicycle safety countermeasures contained in BIKESAFE.
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Bicycling and Walking in the United States: 2014 Benchmarking Report

Source: Alliance for Biking and Walking
The Report combines original research with over 20 government data sources to compile data on bicycling and walking levels and demographics, safety, funding, policies, and a variety of other metrics.
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Third Street Promenade

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The transformation of a pedestrian mall in Santa Monica, California.
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Terry Avenue North Shared Street

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The newly developing South Lake Union neighborhood in Seattle needed strong pedestrian connections to support the many people working and living in new concentrations of offices.
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Exclusive Pedestrian Phasing

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Beverly Hills implemented an exclusive pedestrian signal at busy downtown intersections to greater reduce the number of pedestrian and vehicle conflicts.
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Serpentine Street Design

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Milvia Street in Berkeley, California, was the first street to have speed bumps installed to discourage cut-through traffic.
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Leland Street Redesign in Bethesda

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redesign of Leland Street, undertaken in cooperation with neighborhood residents, resulted in slower speeds and safer conditions for pedestrians walking along the street and crossing at intersections.
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Granite Street Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Neighborhood concern about speeding was addressed through the use of traffic calming measures.
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Leading Pedestrian Interval

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
St. Petersburg, Florida introduced the leading pedestrian interval to reduce the number of conflicts between pedestrians and turning vehicles.
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Using Walk Score for Neighborhood Planning in Washington, DC

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The DC Office of Planning used Walk Score to fill the void of a data source that would address the need of measuring the built environment in relation to walkability.
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Using Dero ZAP! to Count Cyclists in Downtown Minneapolis

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The creation of an accurate and reliable system to count bicycle usage through the development of a wireless, solar-powered device that tracks cyclists called the ZAP!
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Suitability Study for a Bicycle Sharing Program in Sacramento, California

Source: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
This report presents the findings of a study of local conditions in Sacramento and how they might support a bicycle sharing program in the near future.
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Advocacy and Public Health: Partners for Walkable, Bikeable Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The ACEs project developed the concept of an Active Living Task Force to formalize collaboration among people from diverse sectors with a stake in the way a community supports active living.
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Greensboro's Downtown Greenway: Successful Revitalization through Active Transportation

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Downtown Greenway provided a transportation solution for accessing downtown, a place for public art, public park space, and an important link between socially diverse neighborhoods.
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Houston METRO - Making Room for Bikes

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Houston METRO worked with a local bike advocacy organization to come up with improved ways of providing bike accessibility on the city's transit lines.
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Cycle Track Design and Implementation in Washington D.C.

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A separated bicycle lane was created to provide alternative transportation options along 15th Street in Washington, DC.
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The Australian National Cycling Strategy 2011-2016

Source: Australian Bicycle Council
The NCS 2011-16 sets out a framework of six key priorities: cycling promotion, infrastructure and facilities, integrated planning, safety, monitoring and evaluation, and guidance and best practice
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Check it out! Cargo Bike Library Takes Off in Sydney, Australia

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Program providing rental cargo bicycles and trailers to Sydney residents at a low cost.
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Reclaiming Broadway's Public Space

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Beginning in 2008, NYC DOT reclaimed much of the street space along Broadway for pedestrian use.
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Toward Universal Access: Americans with Disabilities Act Sidewalk and Curb Ramp Self-Evaluation Report for the City of Bellevue

Source: City of Bellevue Transportation Department
This report pinpoints pedestrian facilities requiring additional assessment and potential modification to ensure that the City's public rights-of-way meet ADA standards.
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International Scan Summary Report on Pedestrian and Bicyclist Safety and Mobility

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO), National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This report presents the findings of a team of transportation officials who visited five countries in Europe to identify and assess effective approaches to improve pedestrian and bicyclist safety and mobility.
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CRC Index: Compatibility of Roads for Cyclists in Rural and Urban Fringe Areas

Source: Transportation Research Board 2003 Annual Meeting
This research aims to build a safety and compatibility index for rural and urban fringe areas, using a combination of parameters (ex. speed, traffic, and layout).
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Development of Bicycle Compatability Index for Rural Roads in Nebraska

Source: Transportation Research Board
The objective of work described in this paper is to develop a rural equivalent of the Bicycle Compatability Index developed by the Federal Highway Administration.
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Walking and Cycling International Literature Review

Source: Victoria Department of Transport
This report presents the findings from a literature review aiming to help professionals understand barriers to walking and cycling as well as infrastructure and policy supports for nonmotorized transportation.
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Sunday Parkways: Helping Minority Communities Connect to Bicycling and Walking

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Active Transportation Alliance believed that a Sunday Parkways program can connect diverse communities to bicycling, walking, and physical activity.
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The Truth about Lane Widths

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
What if we could narrow the lanes on a roadway without adversely impacting the operations of the roadway? This case study addresses current research on lane widths.
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Development of Boulder's Multimodal System

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Boulder has leveraged natural advantages with a significant commitment, well-designed plans, and resourceful follow-through to build a multimodal system and institutionalize the accommodation of bicycling and walking on many levels.
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Creating Active Rural Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through a combination of partnerships, planning, and advocacy, municipalities were able to develop and promote active living practices in rural Haliburton County.
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Bike to Work Week: A Case Study in Successful Behavior Change

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Coordinators attempted to increase participation in Bike to Work Week by narrowing the event's focus and discarding or changing components that didn't attract new cyclists.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety and Education Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Pima County-Tucson Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety and Education Program aimed to provide public education on pedestrians and bicyclists, safety training, as well as infrastructure improvements and program evaluation.
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Pulaski County Pedestrian and Bicycle Bridge -- Murray Lock and Dam

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A pedestrian and bicycle bridge stretches over 4,000 feet in length to connect pedestrian and bicycle trails on the north and south ends of the Arkansas River.
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Bringing Bicycle Education to Spanish-Speaking Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A significant number of Spanish-speaking individuals with limited English comprehension live in Amarillo, Texas. To serve this population, the Texas Bicycle Coalition (TBC) needed to provide bicycle safety instruction in Spanish.
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Share the Road for a Healthy Maine

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Bicycle Coalition of Maine wanted to use public education and awareness to change behavior to make the existing infrastructure safer immediately.
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"Cross Safely Drive Safely"

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In order to prevent future pedestrian injuries at the University of Massachusetts, the UMass Police and UMassSAFE partnership worked together to develop and implement the "Cross Safely Drive Safely&
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Evaluation of Pedestrian Data Needs and Collection Efforts

Source: Transportation Research Board, University of Utah Department of Environmental Engineering
This paper discusses the extent to which pedestrian demand, behavior, and facilities data can assist in the study of pedestrian safety issues, reviews data collection strategies, suggests some data collection improvements,
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Evaluation of Bicycle and Pedestrian Facilities

Source: Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration
This report describes research conducted to evaluate bicycle and pedestrian facilities (i.e. shared use trails) with user satisfaction and perception surveys.
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Shared-Use Path Level of Service Calculator

Source: Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations.
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Main Street Project

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
University professor who is also a local citizen, fosters a community main street project in Trumansburg to recapture the pedestrian-friendly environment of the downtown area.
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From TIGER to Audit Instruments: Using GIS-Based Street Data to Measure Neighborhood Walkability

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper explores how the path network around key urban destinations can be visually and quantitatively analyzed. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center

Source: University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
This state research center provides road safety information, research publication, news, and additional resources.
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Citizen's Accessibility Evaluation Tool

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Hillsborough County MPO develops a pedestrian accessibility evaluation tool to identify problem areas in a specific high-volume corridor.
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Traffic Calming Guidelines

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Sacramento adopts guidelines to assist the public, city staff, consultants, and developers in creating a safer environment for pedestrians and bicyclists by identifying traffic calming devices and steps for implementation.
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Traffic Calming to Enhance Pedestrian Safety

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
New York village uses a roundabout, colored crosswalks, curb extensions, and other treatments to improve pedestrian safety.
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Pedestrian Safety Planning Group

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Citizen group partners whith government agencies in Bethlehem, NY to improve pedestrian safety through new sidewalks, signs, and institutionalized planning relationship.
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Let the Bus Go, Then You Go

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Transit agency in Toledo partners with local schools and police department to produce a safety video and campaign for safe pedestrian activity near buses.
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Missoula Pedestrian Safety Campaign

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Missoula combines radio and television announcements with targeted enforcement to increase yielding rates of drivers for pedestrians in crosswalks.
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Walk Safe Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A comprehensive study of pedestrian crash data is used to develop an injury prevention program at Miami-Dade County schools.
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Engineering Solutions to Pedestrian Safety

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Cambridge develops a pedestrian plan and increases sidewalk maintenance enforcement to improve its pedestrian environment.
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Corridor Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community members initiated a negotiation with local officials to decrease speeding in their neighborhoods and improve the pedestrian environment.
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Get Active Orlando

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Orlando uses a "get active" campaign funded through Active Living by Design to encourage walking and bicycling in its downtown.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary objective of this study was to develop safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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Pedestrian Safety Programs: A Review of the Literature and Operational Experience

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The objective of the research effort was to develop an empirically and experiencially based model pedestrian safety program which cities can use as guidelines for pedestrian safety program planning,
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A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
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A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
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Model Pedestrian Safety Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This Guide describes how localities can plan, imnplement, and evaluate a pedestrian safety program. A six-step Model Pedestrian Safety Program is described.
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The Effect of Crosswalk Markings on Vehicle Speeds in Maryland, Virginia, and Arizona

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the effect of pavement markings on pedestrian safety at six sites in three states.
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Transportation Cost and Benefit Analysis

Source: Victoria Transport Policy Institute
This paper discusses the current and potential problems with automobile dependent societies.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Evaluation for the City of Emeryville at Four Intersections

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This study attempts to predict the impacts of increasing volumes of vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic in Emeryville, California.
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Evaluation of Lane Reduction "Road Diet" Measures and Their Effects on Crashes and Injuries

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This study examines the safety benefits of road diets.
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Effects of a Towaway Reporting Threshold on Crash Analysis Results

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This paper attempts to quantify the expected effects on data analysis capabilities when different crash reporting thresholds are altered.
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Evaluation of Safety, Design, and Operation of Shared Use Paths

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations.
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Pedestrian Facilities Users Guide

Source: Highway Safety Research Center
This guide provides useful information regarding walkable environments, pedestrian crashes and their countermeasures, and engineering improvements for pedestrians.
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Pedestrian Crosswalk Case Studies

Source: Highway Safety Administration
The overall objective of the research was to determine the effect of crosswalk markings on driver and pedestrian behavior at unsignalized intersections.
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Bicycling and Walking in North Carolina, A Long Range Transportation Plan

Source: North Carolina Department of Transportation
The North Carolina pedestrian plan builds upon the state's long-range transportation plan, elaborating on the goals, focus areas, and programming specific to walking.
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An Evaluation of High-Visibility Crosswalk Treatment

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The overall objective was to evaluate the effect of a novel illuminated overhead crosswalk sign and high-visibility ladder style crosswalk markings on driver and pedestrian behavior at nonsignalized intersections in Clearwater,
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An Evaluation of Technologies for Automated Detection and Classification of Pedestrians and Bicylists

Source: Massachusetts Highway Department & Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this research was to identify and evaluate existing automated technologies that may accurately and effeciently detect, count, and classify non-motorized modes of transportation (i.e.
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An Evaluation of Illuminated Pedestrian Push Buttons in Windsor, Ontario

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This paper evaluates illuminated push buttons at four intersections in Windsor, Ontario. The research reported here is part of a larger national effort to evaluate the operational and safety effects of various pedestrian treatments:
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Evaluation of a Combined Bicycle Lane/Right Turn Lane in Eugene, Oregon

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Innovative, on-street bicycle treatments are now routinely being implemented. This is the third in a series of reports for the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) pertaining to evaluation of these innovative bicycling treatments.
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