More Safety and Mobility for Older Adults Examples



Open Mobility Foundation (OMF)

Source: OASIS-Open
Open Mobility Foundation is the steward of the Mobility Data Specification, or MDS, an open-source project developed by several cities, agencies, and mobility service providers to provide a common language format for managing non-
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Engaging Underserved Communities to Focus on Building More Complete Streets

Source: APHA and Transportation for America
Examines an outreach effort for a regional agency in Las Cruces, New Mexico.
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Complete Streets

Source: Pedestrian Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Complete streets are designed and operate to enable safe and convenient access for all users. Pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit riders of all ages and abilities are able to safely move along and across a complete street.
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Improving Pedestrian and Bicycle Connectivity During Rehabilitation of Existing Bridges

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Fehr & Peers Transportation Consultants
This paper highlight opportunities for enhancing pedestrian and bicycle accommodations during rehabilitation of existing bridges.
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BikeHAWK: Adapting the pedestrian hybrid beacon to aid bicyclists crossing busy streets

Source: Richard Nassi, Diahn Swartz, Ann Chanecka, Paul Casertano, and Gabe Thum
This case study explains Tucson's experience with the BikeHAWK beacon, which uses a combination of MUTCD approved signs, signals, and markings to guide bicyclists through the intersection of residential and arterial streets.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Forecasting Tools: State of the Practice

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Fehr & Peers
This white paper summarizes the state of the practice of bicycle and pedestrian forecasting tools, and suggests potential next steps to improve them.
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Indianapolis Cultural Trail

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center; Context Sensitive Solutions
City leaders wanted to make it easier for people to visit the Indianapolis's cultural districts, which were disconnected from the heart of downtown and didn't get the attention they merited. In a city with a successful linear park and trail system,
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Statewide Pedestrian and Bicycle Planning Handbook

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The purpose of this handbook is to help State departments of transportation (DOTs) develop or update State pedestrian and bicycle plans. Based on research including interviews with nine State DOTs and critical evaluations of plans and associated documents from 15 States (
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Training Law Enforcement Officers to Enforce Pedestrian and Bicycle Laws: Watch for Me NC

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center
The UNC Highway Safety Research Center partnered with the North Carolina DOT, local municipalities, county governments, and others to develop a pilot pedestrian and bicycle safety program in the Triangle region.
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Costs for Pedestrian and Bicyclist Infrastructure Improvements Summary Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Active Living Research Program, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes a recent effort to collect cost information for a variety of pedestrian and bicycle countermeasures.
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How to Increase Bicycling for Daily Travel

Source: Active Living Research
This brief summarizes available evidence about strategies for increasing bicycling levels, including on-street bike lanes, off-street bike paths, and other bicycling infrastructure and educational programs,
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Shared Street Developments

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The development of a neighborhood based on Dutch shared street concepts in Boulder, Colorado.
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School Zone Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through routine analysis of pedestrian safety around Portland's public schools, the City's Traffic Calming program identified one elementary school as a high priority for pedestrian safety measures.
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Smart Traffic Signal System in Northern Virginia

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The community of Reston, Virginia, implemented five countermeasures to improve pedestrian safety through the city.
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Slow Zones

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The implementation of the Neighborhood Slow Zone program in the neighborhood with the highest number of pedestrian injuries and fatalities in New York City.
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Berkshire Street Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Cambridge chose the Berkshire/York Street area to demonstrate the benefits of traffic calming for addressing speeding motorists.
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Roundabout for Downtown Revitalization

Source: Laurie Actman, Patrick McMahon, Henry Renski, Ramon Trias
A Fort Pierce roundabout with medians and curb extensions on the approaches safely accommodates vehicles while encouraging increased pedestrian traffic.
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Access to Transit

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
To encourage pedestrian traffic and ensure pedestrians' safety, WMATA built new sidewalks and crosswalks at Metro stations in the Washington, D.C. metro area.
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Vermont Street Bike and Pedestrian Bridge

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A pedestrian and bicycle bridge in San Diego, California, provides a safe and convenient alternative to crossing a high speed arterial road.
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Leading Pedestrian Interval

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
St. Petersburg, Florida introduced the leading pedestrian interval to reduce the number of conflicts between pedestrians and turning vehicles.
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Wall Street Revitalization

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redevelopment of pedestrian-friendly Wall Street in downtown Asheville, NC, in the 1980s and 1990s.
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Trail Intersection Improvements

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Springwater Corridor pedestrian and bicycle trail in Portland, Oregon, was the site of a series of safety improvements at locations where the trail intersected with local streets and driveways.
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Street Redesign for Revitalization

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
West Palm Beach rejuvenated its economy and community by redesigning downtown to accommodate and attract pedestrians.
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Improving the Pedestrian Environment at Grand Army Plaza

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In 2011, the New York DOT transformed Grand Army Plaza with new signals and phasing plans, new concrete islands with planting beds, a major sidewalk extension, and shorter pedestrian crossings.
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Community Design and the Incidence of Crashes Involving Pedestrians and Motorists Aged 75 and Over

Source: University Transportation Center for Mobility, Texas Transportation Institute (TTI)
This study employs a series of negative binomial regression models to understand how urban form may affect the incidence of total and killed-or-severely-injured (KSI) crashes involving older drivers and pedestrians.
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Walking and Cycling in the United States, 2001–2009

Source: American Journal of Public Health
This paper examines trends in walking and bicycling based on data collected in the 2001 and 2009 National Household Travel Surveys.
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SeeClickFix: A Tool for Neighborhood Empowerment

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
SeeClickFix provides technology to crowdsource the reporting of public infrastructure issues, send alerts directly to city government, and allow citizens to see when problems have been addressed.
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Using Walk Score for Neighborhood Planning in Washington, DC

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The DC Office of Planning used Walk Score to fill the void of a data source that would address the need of measuring the built environment in relation to walkability.
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The CycleTracks App and Cyclist Trip Modeling in San Francisco

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The development of the smartphone app CycleTracks, that allows users to track their cycling route, distance, time traveled, trip purpose, and personal characteristics in San Francisco.
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Seattle Bicycle Share Feasibility Study

Source: Bike-Share Studios, University of Washington College of Built Environments
This report assesses the feasibility of a public use bike-share system for Seattle, Washington.
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Effective Delivery of Small-Scale Federal-Aid Projects

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this synthesis is to identify and document methods for meeting federal requirements for small-scale projects in a more streamlined fashion.
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Bridgeport Way: The Role of a Major Arterial in Town-Making

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redevelopment of an arterial road in University Place, Washington to reduce crashes and contribute to the local economy.
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Complete Streets Implementation in Sacramento

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Streets should be designed to accommodate all users, promote sustainable transportation, and make neighborhoods and the urban core more livable.
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Advocacy and Public Health: Partners for Walkable, Bikeable Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The ACEs project developed the concept of an Active Living Task Force to formalize collaboration among people from diverse sectors with a stake in the way a community supports active living.
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Greensboro's Downtown Greenway: Successful Revitalization through Active Transportation

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Downtown Greenway provided a transportation solution for accessing downtown, a place for public art, public park space, and an important link between socially diverse neighborhoods.
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Houston METRO - Making Room for Bikes

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Houston METRO worked with a local bike advocacy organization to come up with improved ways of providing bike accessibility on the city's transit lines.
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'Cops in Crosswalks': Pedestrian Decoy Enforcement in New Jersey

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The New Jersey Pedestrian Decoy Safety Program, 'Cops in Crosswalks,' worked to raise awareness of pedestrian safety and new driving laws regarding crosswalks.
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Smart Growth Implementation Assistance in Teton County, Idaho

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The towns of Victor and Driggs applied for assistance from the Environmental Protection Agency's Smart Growth Implementation Assistance (SGIA) program which provides direct technical assistance to state and local governments.
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Finding Matching Funds for Trail Projects

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Innovative partnerships with state Departments of Transportation (DOT) and other government organizations can help sponsors raise necessary funding, as can savvy networking.
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Innovations in State TE Management

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
Additional streamlining, innovative financing, and cost-sharing provisions applied specifically for TE activities.
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New York City Complete Streets Design Guidance

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The development of complete streets design guidelines in New York City.
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Complete Streets: Best Policy and Implementation Practices

Source: American Planning Association (APA)
Drawing on lessons learned from more than 30 communities around the country, this report provides insight into successful policy and implementation practices that have resulted in complete streets.
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Street Design: Part 1 - Complete Streets

Source: Federal Highway Administration
From policy statements to programs and planning, opportunities abound for improving the accessibility of the transportation system for all users.
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The Profile of Bicycle User in the City of Juiz de Fora, Brazil

Source:
This research aims to identify the bicycle user profile, knowing their socioeconomic characteristics and use of bicycles as transportation in order to use these data as a tool.
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Safe Streets for Seniors

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In New York City, adults aged 65 and older make up 12 percent of the city's population, but accounted for 39 percent of its pedestrian fatalities between 2002 and 2006.
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Planning for Bicyclists, Pedestrians, and Transit Riders

Source: Montana Department of Transportation
Transportation planning strategies to help promote walking, biking, and transit use as well as integrate such travel modes into the local community planning realm provided by the Montana DOT.
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Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international review

Source: Preventive Medicine
The objective of this paper is to assess existing research on the effects of various interventions on levels of bicycling.
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Walk the Walk

Source: Transportation Alternatives
Transportation Alternatives (T.A.) identifies dangerous intersections, streets and walking zones of particular use to seniors, and aims to transform them into places that are safe and enjoyable for seniors.
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Planning Complete Streets for an Aging America

Source: AARP
This report offers refinements to intersection design treatments recommended by the Federal Highway Administration in its Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians.
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A Low-Cost Way to Improve Walkability

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Resurfaced roads, repaired sidewalks, 50 volunteers, 12 businesses, 32 trees and several gallons of paint changed this neglected street into an inviting, walkable place.
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Sunday Parkways: Helping Minority Communities Connect to Bicycling and Walking

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Active Transportation Alliance believed that a Sunday Parkways program can connect diverse communities to bicycling, walking, and physical activity.
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The Truth about Lane Widths

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
What if we could narrow the lanes on a roadway without adversely impacting the operations of the roadway? This case study addresses current research on lane widths.
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Development of Boulder's Multimodal System

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Boulder has leveraged natural advantages with a significant commitment, well-designed plans, and resourceful follow-through to build a multimodal system and institutionalize the accommodation of bicycling and walking on many levels.
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Creating Active Rural Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through a combination of partnerships, planning, and advocacy, municipalities were able to develop and promote active living practices in rural Haliburton County.
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Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
By analyzing pedestrian and bicyclist crash data, Metropolitan Orlando gained an understanding of safety needs and made countermeasure recommendations to correct them.
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Intermodal Transportation Planning and Development: A Closer Look at Linking Transit to Bicycling and Walking

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Using bike facility construction, regional collaboration, and encouragement, Tucson enhanced accessibility and improved intermodal connections.
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Walk Wise, Drive Smart

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Safety concerns for senior pedestrians led to the beginning of Walk Wise, Drive Smart, a program in Hendersonville, North Carolina that specifically caters to the needs of older pedestrians.
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28th Street Multi-Modal Improvements

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A busy automobile oriented street in Colorado that connects Boulder to Rocky Mountain National Park and Denver gets a makeover to become a "Complete Street."
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Bringing Bicycle Education to Spanish-Speaking Communities

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A significant number of Spanish-speaking individuals with limited English comprehension live in Amarillo, Texas. To serve this population, the Texas Bicycle Coalition (TBC) needed to provide bicycle safety instruction in Spanish.
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Bicycle Boulevards

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Significant traffic growth leads Emerville, California to consider ways to create a safe throughway for bicyclists.
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Pedestrian Signal Safety for Older Persons

Source: AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety
The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety report, Pedestrian Signal Safety for Older Persons, states that in the jurisdictions studied, pedestrian signals timed to accommodate walking speeds of 4 feet per second would not accommodate an older pedestrian walking at the 15th percentile speed for older pedestrians.
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Complete Streets Laws and Ordinances

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Commitments to complete the streets have been adopted via state law, local ordinances and resolutions, agency policies, comprehensive plans, tax measures, and design manual re-writes.
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Share the Road for a Healthy Maine

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Bicycle Coalition of Maine wanted to use public education and awareness to change behavior to make the existing infrastructure safer immediately.
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Denver Bike Map

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The goal was to create an easily-maintainable, readable, user-friendly map that clearly defined the location of current bike routes, lanes, and other facilities.
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Portland SmartTrips

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Portland promotes nonmotorized transportation through its SmartTrips program.
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New Jersey Governor's Pedestrian Safety Initiative

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The governor of New Jersey starts a Pedestrian Safety Initiative to reduce teh number of pedestrian fatalities across the state.
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City of Boulder Crosswalk Compliance Studies & Treatment Implementation

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Boulder conducts a crosswalk compliance study to determine the effectiveness of five different alternative treatments, and encourage walking.
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Highway Design Handbook for Older Drivers and Pedestrians

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This project updated, revised, and expanded the scope of the Older Driver Highway Design Handbook published by FHWA in 1998.
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A Guide to Best Practices for Achieving Context Sensitive Solutions

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board of the National Academies
This guide demonstrates how state departments of transportation (DOTs) and other transportation agencies can incorporate context sensitivity into their transportation project development work.
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How to Engage Low-Literacy and Limited-English-Proficiency Populations in Transportation Decisionmaking

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report documents "best practices" in identifying and engaging low-literacy and limited-English-proficiency populations in transportation decisionmaking.
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Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas

Source: Federal Highway Administration, Federal Transit Administation
The purpose of this document, Planning for Transportation in Rural Areas, is to provide a resource to rural planners, city and county engineers, stakeholders, local officials, and other decision-makers involved with developing rural transportation plans.
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Main Street Project

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
University professor who is also a local citizen, fosters a community main street project in Trumansburg to recapture the pedestrian-friendly environment of the downtown area.
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National Strategies for Advancing Child Pedestrian Safety

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
Proposes strategies intended to be used by anyone interested in reducing pedestrian injuries among children, while encouraging them to explore their environment by walking.
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Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES)

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Active Community Environments Initiative (ACES) promotes walking, bicycling, and the development of accessible recreation facilities.
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Pedestrians and Bicycles

Source: Transportation Research Board
This Transportation Research Record contains 24 papers on the subject of pedestrians and bicycles. It can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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Anthem Park Development

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver Housing Authority redevelops abandoned high school to connect senior community with Main Street through pedestrian-friendly measures.
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St. Louis Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Program

Source: East-West Gateway Council of Governments
The St. Louis Bicycle and Pedestrian Program includes projects to develop a level of service map for bicyclists and a citizen advisory committee.
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Healthy Aging Research Network Environmental Audit Tool and Protocol

Source: Healthy Aging Network
Tool developed by the Healthy Aging Network to quantitatively and qualitatively assess community-scale and street-scale factors associated with physical activity in older adults.
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European Network for Cycling Expertise (Velo.Info)

Source: EU Fifth Framework Programme
Velo.info is a nonprofit institute that provides expertise in creating and implementing a cycling policy. The site provides detailed information for planners and advocates on a variety of topics related to cycling,
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Transportation Association of Canada

Source: Transportation Association of Canada
The Transportation Association of Canada is a national association with a mission to promote the provision of safe, secure, efficient, effective and environmentally and financially sustainable transportation services in support of Canada'
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Pedestrian Safety Roadshow

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the Roadshow is to assist communities in developing their own approach to identifying and solving the problems that affect pedestrian safety and walkability. The website contains an overview of the program and links to statistics and tools concerning pedestrians.
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Mayor's Committee on the Built Environment

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Louisville Mayor initiates improvement to the pedestrian environment through a health program, a committee on the built environment, a bike summit, and an upcoming pedestrian summit.
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Crosswalk Flags and the Adopt-a-Crosswalk Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Motorists' inability to see pedestrians crossing at various road and crosswalk types created an unsafe environment for pedestrians.
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Health Impact Assessment of Proposed Atlanta Beltline

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Health Impact Analysis conducted for massive transit, pedestrian, and bicycle beltline project around Atlanta that takes advantage of unused railroads.
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Citizen's Accessibility Evaluation Tool

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Hillsborough County MPO develops a pedestrian accessibility evaluation tool to identify problem areas in a specific high-volume corridor.
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False Creek Pedestrian and Cyclist Crossings Study

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Vancouver conducts a nonmotorist study of three bridge corridors into its downtown to help adequately plan for growing facility demand for walking and bicycling.
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Saranac Lake River Walk

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian and environmentally friendly riverwalk in Saranac Lake transforms downtown river into a community asset.
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Traffic Calming to Enhance Pedestrian Safety

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
New York village uses a roundabout, colored crosswalks, curb extensions, and other treatments to improve pedestrian safety.
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Camelback Pedestrian Underpass

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Pedestrian underpass with multiple safety features used to connect high-traffic destinations under a six-lane street in Phoenix.
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Look Out For Each Other, Share the Responsibility

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Television, radio, billboards, and other publicizing methods are used in Edmonton, along with targeted enforcement, to reduce pedestrian collisions and fatalities.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Campaign

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Burlington uses an annual pedestrian safety campaign, including education, enforcement, and engineering measures, to institutionalize pedestrian and bicycle safety in the community.
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Cross the Street As If Your Life Depends On It

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Injury Prevention Coalition uses dramatic poster and movie theatre advertisement to inform and educate the public about pedestrian safety in Greater Toronto.
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Get Active Orlando

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Orlando uses a "get active" campaign funded through Active Living by Design to encourage walking and bicycling in its downtown.
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Community Action and Fundraising in Portland, Oregon

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Community group in Portland partners with a local business, the city, and DOT to improve the pedestrian environment through specially designed umbrellas and multiple engineering measures.
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School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas research project was to develop guidelines for the protection of young pedestrians (5 -14 yrs) walking to and from school, entering and leaving school buses,
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Guidelines and Recommendations to Accommodate Older Drivers and Pedestrians

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This project updated, revised, and expanded the scope of the Older Driver Highway Design Handbook published by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) in 1998.
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Why Canadians Cycle More Than Americans: A Comparative Analysis of Bicycling Trends and Policies

Source: Transport Policy
This paper looks at the reasons by Canadians cycle approximately 3 times more frequently than Americans.
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Trends in Walking for Transportation in the United States, 1995 and 2001

Source: Preventing Chronic Disease, Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy
This study examines trends in walking for transportation among U.S. adults and youth
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Traffic Calming Do's and Don'ts to Encourage Bicycling

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers
This report discusses the role of the bicycle boulevard in a community and offers information on traffic calming measures that are both compatible and incompatible with bicycles.
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The Australian National Cycling Strategy 2005-2010

Source: Austroads, Inc.
This document describes the need for a cycling strategy, identifies six key priorities for improving the state of cycling, and outlines important actions to take to acheive each of those priorities.
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Reducing Childhood Pedestrian Injuries: Proceedings of a Multidisciplinary Conference

Source: National Center for Injury Prevention and Control
This document is the report of a two-day conference of intense discussion about child pedestrian safety. It features position papers prepared in advance, as well as an expert's formal response at the meeting and the questions and answers that followed.
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Personal Security Issues in Pedestrian Journeys

Source: The Department for Transport (UK)
This report is part of a program of initiatives to improve personal security for both transport passengers and pedestrians.
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Historic Neighborhood Schools in the Age of Sprawl: Why Johnny Can't Walk to School

Source: National Trust for Historic Preservation
This report examines public policies that affect the neighborhoods in which schools function and the ability of communities to save still serviceable, landmark schools.
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Hard Lessons: Causes and Consequences of Michigan's School Construction Boom

Source: Michigan Land Use Institute
The Michigan Land Use Institute published this report to detail the problem and expose the challenges of managing growth and design.
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Enhancing America's Communities

Source: National Transportation Enhancements Clearinghouse
This guide, in its second edition, is a road map for navigating your way through the transportation enhancement process.
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Encouraging Walking: Advice to Local Authorities

Source: Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions: London
This report discusses the benefits of walking and policy decisions that can encourage people to get outside and walk.
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Bicycling in Washington, DC: A Call to Action

Source: Washington Area Bicyclist Association
This report highlights needed improvements in six areas to increase bicycling in Washington, D.C. and offers three immediate action items for the District government.
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Active Living and Social Equity: Creating Healthy Communities for All Residents

Source: International City/County Management Association
This guide explains the connections between active living and social equity, provides a toolbox of local government strategies for promoting active living equitably, and highlights notable examples of local initiatives from around the country.
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Active Facts: Parks, Trails, and Recreation

Source: Active Living Resource Center
This document stresses the importance of recreation in our everyday lives and the role that parks and trails play in encouraging active lifestyles. It provides indicators to assess your community recreational services.
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Arizona: Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan

Source: Arizona Department of Transportation
This is a guide for making pedestrian-related transportation decisions at the State and local level. The plan provides a long-term agenda for implementing a system of pedestrian facilities on the ADOT State Highway System and seeks to coordinate the relationship between ADOT and smaller jurisdictions.
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National Center for Bicycling & Walking

Source: National Center for Bicycling & Walking
The Center's mission is to help create bicycle-friendly and walkable communities across North America by encouraging and supporting the efforts of individuals, organizations, and agencies.
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National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Aged 50 and Older

Source: Active Aging Partnership
The National Blueprint: Increasing Physical Activity Among Adults Age 50 and Older was developed as a guide for organizations, associations and agencies to plan strategies to help people age 50 and older increase their physical activity.
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Keeping Children Safe in Traffic

Source: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
Report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development draws on best practices and research results to show how child casualties can be reduced. Free executive summary. $45 for full report.
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How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
How to Develop a Pedestrian Safety Action Plan offers guidance that can help municipalities determine and solve their pedestrian safety concerns, from identifying pedestrian safety problems to obtaining funding and enacting change.
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Pennsylvania: Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines

Source: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
The Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines is one part of Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Master Plan for Pennsylvania. The design guidelines focus on best practices for sidewalks, intersections,
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VTrans 2025: Virginia's Statewide Multimodal Long-Range Transportation Plan

Source: Commonwealth of Virginia Secretary of Transportation
Virginia's long-range transportation plan, called VTrans2025, is a blueprint for shaping the transportation future. It establishes a commonly held vision, goals, and objectives to guide and direct decision-
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Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Part I

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The guides Designing Sidewalks and Trails for Access Parts 1 and 2 provide the state of the art practice for applying the American with Disabilities Act (ADA) and similar requirements to pedestrian facilities.
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Safety Effects of Marked vs Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to determine whether marked crosswalks at uncontrolled locations are safer than unmarked crosswalks under various traffic and roadway conditions. Another objective was to providerecommendations on how to provide safer crossings for pedestrians.
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An Evaluation of Technologies for Automated Detection and Classification of Pedestrians and Bicylists

Source: Massachusetts Highway Department & Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The objective of this research was to identify and evaluate existing automated technologies that may accurately and effeciently detect, count, and classify non-motorized modes of transportation (i.e.
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