One of the largest contributors of greenhouse gas emissions in the US is the transportation sector, especially light-duty passenger vehicles and trucks. Providing active transportation options such as walking, bicycling, and transit can decrease motor vehicle usage and dependency on nonrenewable resources, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. Integrating considerations for environmental impacts when planning for pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure can also help reduce stormwater and mitigate flooding.

Climate change and environmental impacts are intrinsically linked to broader concerns related to health and equity. The people who suffer the most burden of climate change or environmental impacts usually contribute the least greenhouse gas emissions, and current mitigation strategies in transportation, such as access to goods and services via low-carbon transportation, walking, or biking tend to be more readily available in higher-income areas.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Climate Change

City and Town Climate Action Plans with Active Travel Initiatives

Communities across the US have recognized the connections between transportation, climate and the natural environment, and created plans to address these challenges head-on. Some examples include:

Environmental Impacts Relating to Air and Water

Co-Benefits of Investing in Walking and Cycling

Additional Resources