All Topics

Topics in pedestrian and bicyclist safety, mobility, access, and equity are often related, and combined, provide a comprehensive approach. Explore cross-cutting topics below for more information and resources related to bicycling and walking.


Access for Individuals with Disabilities

Transportation networks must be accessible for people of all ages and abilities.

Automated and Connected Vehicles

As vehicle technologies become automated and connected, there are opportunities to advance pedestrian and bicycle safety and mobility.

Bicycle Helmets

Bicycle safety starts with a well-fitting helmet. Bicycle helmets reduce the risk of severe injuries and fatalities and should be worn by all bicycle riders.

Bike Share

A growing proportion of bike share systems are dockless for more convenience and wider range of access, and some also include electric-assist bicycles in their fleet.

Community Engagement

Engaging community is integral to the transportation planning process and should be considered at each stage.

Complete Streets

Design to enable safe and convenient access for all road users and foster transportation equity, healthy lifestyles, and vibrant communities.

Connected Multimodal Networks

Comprehensive and extensive networks to reach key transportation by active transportation.

Countermeasures and Safety Effectiveness

Safety program or approach to address a specific type of crash by treatment or intervention.

Counting and Estimating Volumes

Count data provide the foundation for measuring nonmotorized travel, monitoring trends, and understanding exposure to risk.

Design and Engineering Guidance

To design and build streets for all road users, engineers and planners use a wide range of design tools, guides, and resources.

Featured Resource
Design Resource Index

Driver Training Program

Addressing driver behavior as part of a multi-faceted strategy to advance safety for pedestrians and bicyclists.


Electric bicycles provide new opportunities for flexible personal travel and also pose challenges for safety, regulation, and planning.


Equitable transportation systems that foster fairness and facilitate access for all community members.

Funding Projects and Programs

Funding for bicycle and pedestrian activities is administered through various mechanisms, including government agencies and non-government sources, such as private non-profit groups and advocacy organizations.


Community design and transportation affect physical and mental health and well-being and walking, bicycling, and transit use provide health benefits.

International Resources

To improve conditions for bicycling and walking in the United States, it is often helpful to consider advancements in nonmotorized transportation from around the world.


Emerging forms of transportation including e-scooters, e-bikes, and station-based and dockless bike share complement existing modes of travel, provide multiple benefits to communities, and highlight the need for safety, regulations, and planning.

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Passing Laws and Enforcement

Law enforcement efforts can advance safety for bicyclists by enforcing safe passing laws.

Performance Measurement

Transportation agencies can use a wide range of performance measures to track the impact of their investments and ensure that they are meeting goals related to bicycling and walking.

Plan Development

Roadmaps for projects and programs that incorporate considerations for bicyclists and pedestrians.

Featured Resource
ActiveTrans Priority Tool

Safety and Mobility for Older Adults

Growing aging adult population impacts communities and planning decisions for transportation and recreation.

Safety Communications

Traffic safety messaging to motivate roadway users to adopt safer behaviors.

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Safety Tools and Analysis

Approaches to analyze pedestrian and bicycle safety and identify and address safety needs.


Vehicle speed plays a central, powerful role in the safety of pedestrian and bicyclists.

Featured Resource
Managing Speed

Trails and Shared Use Paths

Physically separated from roads, trails or greenways are accessible two-way paths designated for use by both bicyclists and pedestrians.


A critical element of a transportation system, transit provides longer trips that cannot be made by walking or bicycling.

University Curriculum and Courses

Integration of pedestrian and bicycle planning into transportation planning is essential in creating sustainable, livable communities.

Vision Zero

Strategy to improve safety and eliminate all traffic-related deaths and severe injuries.

Featured Resource
Vision Zero Network

Yielding Laws and Enforcement

Law enforcement efforts can advance safety for pedestrians and bicyclists by enforcing yielding laws.

Youth Safety and Mobility

Addressing youth mobility by increasing opportunities to walk and bike to school safely benefits not only children, but also the community by developing safe walking and biking environments for all.

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