More Countermeasures and Safety Effectiveness Examples



Pedestrian Planning and Design Guidelines

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This guide discusses the importance of sidewalks in pedestrian mobility and safety. It defines appropriate facilities and design criteria to accomodate and foster pedestrian movement.
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A Review of the Impacts of the Towaway Reporting Threshold on a Highway Safety Program

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This study reviews the potential impacts of a towaway reporting threshold on the North Carolina Highway Safety Improvement Program (HSIP) listings and on the locations and types of crash patterns identified on collision diagrams by field engineers.
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A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Volume 10: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions involving pedestrians.
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Eighth United States-Japan Workshop on Advanced Technology in Highway Engineering

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes the 8th U.S.- Japan Workshop on Pedestrian and Nighttime Safety. Focus areas included general trends in the U.S. and Japan, funding, disabled and elderly pedestrians, Geographic Information Systems (
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The Effects of Traffic Calming Measures on Pedestrian and Motorist Behavior

Source: Highway Safety Administration
Whereas earlier studies usually focused on vehicle speeds and volumes, this study looked at motorist yielding and pedestrian crossing behavior, in addition to vehicle speeds.
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Sacramento, CA: Pedestrian Safety Guidelines

Source: City of Sacramento
These guidelines focus on street crossing treatments at controlled and uncontrolled intersections, discussing tools such as pavement marking and signal options and giving attention to roadway design.
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Pedestrian Safety in Native America

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Since American Indians have the highest rates of pedestrian injury and fatality in the country, this study was performed to typify crashes among American Indians in the United States.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT)

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT) is a crash typing software product intended to assist state and local pedestrian/bicycle coordinators, planners and engineers with improving walking and bicycling safety through the development and analysis of a database containing details associated with crashes between motor vehicles and pedestrians or bicyclists.
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International Synthesis Report: Australia

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report summarizes Australian research and activities regarding pedestrian safety.
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Bicycle / Pedestrian Safety Toolbox: Pedestrian Pushbutton Treatments

Source: San Francisco Bay Area Metropolitan Transportation Commission
This document discusses traffic control devices to facilitate safe pedestrian crossings. For each tool, the site explains objectives, applications, target popluation, advantages, disadvantages, crash type,
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