There are many approaches that agencies and organizations can take to analyze pedestrian and bicycle safety and identify and address safety needs. For example, some cities and states have initiated pedestrian or bicyclist safety audits, an unbiased evaluation of the walking and biking environment, which can be performed before, during, or after the construction of a project. Surveys of road user safety and perception of risks are another common tool, often used in broader public engagement and planning processes. The Highway Safety Manual provides an established process for transportation agencies to consider safety improvements, but there are many other resources available that can complement or enhance safety evaluations. NCHRP Research Report 893: Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analysis provides guidance on how communities can complement hotspot approaches to evaluate pedestrian safety with more systemic analyses across a road network or jurisdiction. Often, more robust safety analyses require more or better data, so tools such as Pedestrian and Bicycle Crash Analysis Tool (PBCAT), FHWA's Guide for Scalable Risk Assessment Methods for Pedestrians and Bicyclists, or NCHRP Report 797: Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Volume Data Collection can be used to enhance data quality.


Audit Tools for walking and biking help identify concerns and potential alternatives or solutions.

Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices help prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety.

Synthesis of Methods for Estimating Pedestrian and Bicyclist Exposure to Risk at Areawide Levels and on Specific Transportation Facilities summarizes the variety of methods used to estimate and evaluate exposure to risk in pedestrian and bicyclist safety analyses.

Guidebook on Identification of High Pedestrian Crash Locations documents methods and examples used to identify or prioritize high pedestrian crash sites.

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Chapter 4 of Systemic Pedestrian Safety Analyses Contractor's Technical Report describes analysis conducted to supplement knowledge for risks associated with midblock pedestrian crashes and demonstrated the application of the recommended analysis approach.

Don't Cut Corners: Left Turn Pedestrian and Bicyclist Crash Study uses a data-driven approach to examine left turn pedestrian and bicyclist crashes in New York, New York.

Bicycle and Pedestrian Safety Analysis proactively identifies locations to prioritize safety improvements with the goal of preventing future crashes in Seattle, Washington.

Risk Factors for Pedestrian and Bicycle Crashes describes the development of a tool to improve methods to identify and prioritize pedestrian and bicycle crash locations for the Oregon Department of Transportation.

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