More Counting and Estimating Volumes Examples



Collecting Network-Wide Bicycle and Pedestrian Data: A Guidebook for When and Where to Count

Source: Washington State Department of Transportation
Provides specific guidance for communities interested in starting or improving a manual pedestrian and bicycle count program in Washington State and beyond.
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International Design Guidance

Source: Pedestrian Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
To improve conditions for bicycling and walking in the United States, it is often helpful to consider advancements in nonmotorized transportation from around the world. The PBIC has compiled a listing of international bicycling and walking resources,
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Complete Streets

Source: Pedestrian Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Complete streets are designed and operate to enable safe and convenient access for all users. Pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, and transit riders of all ages and abilities are able to safely move along and across a complete street.
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Funding

Source: Pedestrian Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Funding for bicycle and pedestrian activities is administered through Government Agencies and Non-government Sources, such as private not-for profit groups and advocacy organizations.
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Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks (Volume II)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This is the second volume of a report documenting network-enhancing projects from around the country.
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BikeHAWK: Adapting the pedestrian hybrid beacon to aid bicyclists crossing busy streets

Source: Richard Nassi, Diahn Swartz, Ann Chanecka, Paul Casertano, and Gabe Thum
This case study explains Tucson's experience with the BikeHAWK beacon, which uses a combination of MUTCD approved signs, signals, and markings to guide bicyclists through the intersection of residential and arterial streets.
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Case Studies in Delivering Safe, Comfortable, and Connected Pedestrian and Bicycle Networks (Volume I)

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA, UNC Highway Safety Research Center (HSRC)
This report provides an overview of pedestrian and bicycle network principles and highlights examples from communities across the country.
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Minnesota DOT Bicycle and Pedestrian Data Collection Manual

Source: Minnesota Department of Transportation
This manual summarizes the Minnesota DOT statewide bicycle and pedestrian data collection program, including goals, types of data to collect and best practices for sensor calibration and data analysis.
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Guidebook on Pedestrian and Bicycle Volume Data Collection

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
NCHRP Report 797 describes methods and technologies for counting pedestrians and bicyclists and offers guidance on developing a non-motorized count program.
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Indianapolis Cultural Trail

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center; Context Sensitive Solutions
City leaders wanted to make it easier for people to visit the Indianapolis's cultural districts, which were disconnected from the heart of downtown and didn't get the attention they merited. In a city with a successful linear park and trail system,
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Crossing an Arterial through an Offset Intersection: Bicycle-Only Center-Turn Lane

Source: City of Portland, Oregon
This treatment successfully addressed three criteria: it offered a refuge for crossing bicyclists and allowed them to cross one direction of traffic at a time; it maintained all automotive turning movements;
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Estimating Bicycling and Walking for Planning and Project Development: A Guidebook

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP)
This guidebook is designed to help transportation and community planners account more effectively for pedestrian and bicycle activity (demand) in plans and projects.
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Pedestrian Improvements at Jackson Avenue and the Pulaski Bridge

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Modifications of Jackson Avenue and the Pulaski Bridge in Queens improved pedestrian safety, circulation and access.
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Winthrop Street Shared Street

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The transformation of Winthrop Street in Cambridge, Massachusetts.
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Terry Avenue North Shared Street

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The newly developing South Lake Union neighborhood in Seattle needed strong pedestrian connections to support the many people working and living in new concentrations of offices.
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State Street Pedestrian Mall

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The creation of a successful pedestrian mall in Madison, Wisconsin.
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School Zone Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Through routine analysis of pedestrian safety around Portland's public schools, the City's Traffic Calming program identified one elementary school as a high priority for pedestrian safety measures.
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School Zone Roundabout

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Green Bay, Wisconsin county planning commission's experiment with a roundabout in a school zone.
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Pedestrian Work Zone Traffic Control (WZTC)

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
This case study update summarizes how pedestrian traffic is maintained and protected in high density suburban road environments, where pedestrian facilities may or may not be present.
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Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacons Near a NJ Rail Station: Elmwood Park and Fairlawn Boroughs

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The New Jersey Department of Tranpsortation installed a Rectangular Rapid Flash Beacon (RRFB) on each side of Route 4 in June 2011 to create a safe way for pedestrians to cross the busy highway.
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Exclusive Pedestrian Phasing

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Beverly Hills implemented an exclusive pedestrian signal at busy downtown intersections to greater reduce the number of pedestrian and vehicle conflicts.
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Traffic Calming Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Sarasota carried out a traffic calming program to help increase the safety of residents of neighborhood streets.
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Solutions from Citizen Input

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Citizen input guided the reconfiguration of First Street in Grand Junction, Colorado.
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Small Town Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Residents of Oneonta pursued a pedestrian-friendly alternative to urban renewal projects that had resulted in narrow sidewalks, heavy vehicle traffic, and the demolition of historic buildings in the downtown area.
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Seventh Avenue Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A number of engineering countermeasures were deployed to reduce the problems of cut-through traffic and speeding in this coastal residential community.
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Serpentine Street Design

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Milvia Street in Berkeley, California, was the first street to have speed bumps installed to discourage cut-through traffic.
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Livernois Avenue Corridor Project

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Detroit and Michigan Department of Transportation improved pedestrian safety on Livernois Avenue through the use of a HAWK beacon and median.
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Leland Street Redesign in Bethesda

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redesign of Leland Street, undertaken in cooperation with neighborhood residents, resulted in slower speeds and safer conditions for pedestrians walking along the street and crossing at intersections.
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Granite Street Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Neighborhood concern about speeding was addressed through the use of traffic calming measures.
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Harold Street Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Traffic calming on SE Harold in Portland, Oregon, has been very successful and neighborhood livability has been enhanced.
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Fifth Street Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redesign of a Tempe street to improve safety for pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit users, while maintaining its character.
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Berkshire Street Traffic Calming

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Cambridge chose the Berkshire/York Street area to demonstrate the benefits of traffic calming for addressing speeding motorists.
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Roundabout for Downtown Revitalization

Source: Laurie Actman, Patrick McMahon, Henry Renski, Ramon Trias
A Fort Pierce roundabout with medians and curb extensions on the approaches safely accommodates vehicles while encouraging increased pedestrian traffic.
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Main Street Roundabout

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A roundabout offers an improved pedestrian safety environment at one Montpelier, Vermont intersection.
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Park Road Restriping

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Mode separation, wider bicycle and pedestrian lanes, and better signage have made the Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, North Park roadway safer and more comfortable for pedestrians.
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Vermont Street Bike and Pedestrian Bridge

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A pedestrian and bicycle bridge in San Diego, California, provides a safe and convenient alternative to crossing a high speed arterial road.
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Pfluger Pedestrian-Bicycle Bridge

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The addition of pedestrian and bicycle infrastructure to a historic bridge that could not be altered in Austin, Texas.
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Leading Pedestrian Interval

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
St. Petersburg, Florida introduced the leading pedestrian interval to reduce the number of conflicts between pedestrians and turning vehicles.
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High-Volume Pedestrian Crossings

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The development of a methodology was needed to guide the design of pedestrian crossings in areas with very high pedestrian volumes in Las Vegas, Nevada.
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Curb Extensions in Rural Village

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A more pedestrian-oriented design was desired in downtown Fort Plain, New York, and curb extentions were installed as a result.
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Advance Yield Markings

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A solution to reduce multiple-threat collisions at unsignalized pedestrian crossings.
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Wall Street Revitalization

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The redevelopment of pedestrian-friendly Wall Street in downtown Asheville, NC, in the 1980s and 1990s.
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Trail Intersection Improvements

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Springwater Corridor pedestrian and bicycle trail in Portland, Oregon, was the site of a series of safety improvements at locations where the trail intersected with local streets and driveways.
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Park Trail Bridges

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
One Prescott, Arizona non-profit's successful experience building creek crossings for a local trail in spite of funding constraints and engineering challenges.
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Old Town Improvements

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Eureka Planning and Engineering Departments and concerned citizens worked together to make the Old Town District more pedestrian friendly
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Active Transportation Beyond Urban Centers

Source: Rails to Trails Conservancy
This report highlights the importance of bicycling and walking outside of urban areas.
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Using Walk Score for Neighborhood Planning in Washington, DC

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The DC Office of Planning used Walk Score to fill the void of a data source that would address the need of measuring the built environment in relation to walkability.
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Using Dero ZAP! to Count Cyclists in Downtown Minneapolis

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The creation of an accurate and reliable system to count bicycle usage through the development of a wireless, solar-powered device that tracks cyclists called the ZAP!
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Cycle Track Design and Implementation in Washington D.C.

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A separated bicycle lane was created to provide alternative transportation options along 15th Street in Washington, DC.
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Improving Pedestrian Conditions on a High Traffic Arterial

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
San Francisco's 19th Avenue/Park Presidio Boulevard is a major multi-use transportation corridor with many issues including heavy traffic, difficult pedestrian crossings, and unwelcoming design features.
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New York City's Summer Streets

Source: New York City, New York
New York City's Summer Streets program that showcased car-free streets several days during the summer.
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Reclaiming Broadway's Public Space

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Beginning in 2008, NYC DOT reclaimed much of the street space along Broadway for pedestrian use.
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New York City Complete Streets Design Guidance

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The development of complete streets design guidelines in New York City.
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Safe Streets for Seniors

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
In New York City, adults aged 65 and older make up 12 percent of the city's population, but accounted for 39 percent of its pedestrian fatalities between 2002 and 2006.
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Lane Configuration Guide to Support Safe Bicycling and Vehicular Travel

Source: Kentucky Department of Transportation (DOT)
This guide shows potential lane configurations that support a Complete Street concept, allowing for safe, compatible traffic conditions for automobiles and bicycles.
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Intersection Level of Service

Source: Transportation Research Board
The Florida Department of Transportation (DOT) has initiated multimodal level-of-service (LOS) methodologies, including that for the bicycle travel mode.
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Transportation-Efficient Land Use Mapping Index(TELUMI)

Source: Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC)
The objective of this project was to devise a conceptually simple tool that operationalized the complex relationship between land use and travel behavior.
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Sidewalk Planning: A GIS-Based Approach

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A custom GIS-based toolset was developed to accurately identify potential sidewalk construction and maintenance projects, score and prioritize these projects using weighted comparisons, and provide cost estimates.
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The Role of Public Policies in Promoting the Safety, Convenience, and Popularity of Cycling

Source: World Transport Policy and Practice
This article is a response to the critique by Heath Maddox that was published in the special issue on bicycling of WTPP (Volume 7, Number 3).
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The Truth about Lane Widths

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
What if we could narrow the lanes on a roadway without adversely impacting the operations of the roadway? This case study addresses current research on lane widths.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report describes the methods used to conduct the interviews and analyze the data from the National Survey.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
This report provides a detailed analysis of behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling.
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behavior

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
This report provides a top line summary of key data results regarding the behaviors and attitudes on various topics related to walking and bicycling.
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Overcoming Opposition to Sidewalk Construction

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A Safe Routes to School committee used neighborhood relationships and informational flyers to build support for the construction of a sidwalk near a local school.
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Quantifying Countermeasure Effectiveness

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
By analyzing pedestrian and bicyclist crash data, Metropolitan Orlando gained an understanding of safety needs and made countermeasure recommendations to correct them.
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Intermodal Transportation Planning and Development: A Closer Look at Linking Transit to Bicycling and Walking

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Using bike facility construction, regional collaboration, and encouragement, Tucson enhanced accessibility and improved intermodal connections.
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Pulaski County Pedestrian and Bicycle Bridge -- Murray Lock and Dam

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A pedestrian and bicycle bridge stretches over 4,000 feet in length to connect pedestrian and bicycle trails on the north and south ends of the Arkansas River.
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Thurston Avenue Bridge Rehabilitation Project

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The only direct path for vehicular, pedestrian and bicycle traffic traveling between the main residence halls and the central academic campus of Cornell University was congested with high traffic volumes.
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28th Street Multi-Modal Improvements

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
A busy automobile oriented street in Colorado that connects Boulder to Rocky Mountain National Park and Denver gets a makeover to become a "Complete Street."
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Route 71 Pedestrian Tunnel at Monmouth University

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
An underpass constructed at a high-volume street at Monmouth University eliminated growing pedestrian-vehicle conflicts.
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Bicycle Boulevards

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Significant traffic growth leads Emerville, California to consider ways to create a safe throughway for bicyclists.
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Trail User Counts and Surveys

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The Ozaukee Interurban Trail is a 30-mile shared-use trail that connects six communities in Ozaukee County, Wisconsin.
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Traffic Calming and Crime Prevention

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Many communities in the U.S. have been designed to accommodate automobiles, not cyclists and pedestrians. Traffic calming can help make bicycling and walking more comfortable and neighborhoods more livable.
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Denver Bike Map

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The goal was to create an easily-maintainable, readable, user-friendly map that clearly defined the location of current bike routes, lanes, and other facilities.
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Portland SmartTrips

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Portland promotes nonmotorized transportation through its SmartTrips program.
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A Guide for Reducing Collisions at Signalized Intersections

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Transportation Research Board
This document provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions at signalized intersections.
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Planning for the Utilization of Pedestrian Underpasses: A Case Study of Delhi, India

Source: Transportion Research Board
The objectives of this study are to identify and analyze the reasons for underutilization of underpasses in Delhi and to recommend possible modifications in their planning and design criteria. The full text may be purchased from the Transportation Research Board,
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City of Boulder Crosswalk Compliance Studies & Treatment Implementation

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
The City of Boulder conducts a crosswalk compliance study to determine the effectiveness of five different alternative treatments, and encourage walking.
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Evaluation of Pedestrian Data Needs and Collection Efforts

Source: Transportation Research Board, University of Utah Department of Environmental Engineering
This paper discusses the extent to which pedestrian demand, behavior, and facilities data can assist in the study of pedestrian safety issues, reviews data collection strategies, suggests some data collection improvements,
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Code of Federal Regulations 23, Part 652

Source: United States Government Printing Office
This document provides policies and procedures relating to the provision of pedestrian and bicycle accommodations on Federal-aid projects, and Federal participation in the cost of these accommodations and projects.
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Bicycle and Pedestrian Travel Demand Forcasting

Source: Texas Transportation Institute, Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report summarizes data collection activities performed at eight different sites in Texas urban areas.
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Shared-Use Path Level of Service Calculator

Source: Turner-Fairbank Highway Research Center, Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this project was to develop a level of service (LOS) estimation method for shared-use paths that overcomes previous limitations.
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Selecting Roadway Design Treatments to Accommodate Bicycles

Source: Federal Highway Administration
Presents a methodology for selecting the most appropriate type of on- road bicycle facility.
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Environmental and Policy Determinants of Physical Activity in the United States

Source: American Journal of Public Health
This study examined (1) descriptive patterns in perceived environmental and policy determinants of physical activity and (2) associations between these factors and behavior. The full text can be obtained through the American Journal of Public Health at the link below.
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National Bicycle and Pedestrian Documentation Project

Source: Transportation Research Board
This paper discusses the various challenges the pedestrian and bicycle field in documenting usage and demand. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board, or accessed by subscribers.
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Index for Assessing Pedestrian Safety at Intersections

Source: Transportation Research Board
This study attempts to develop a safety index that will allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to prioritize intersection crosswalks with respect to pedestrian safety. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Estimating Bicycle Usage on a National Cycle Network

Source: Transportation Research Board
This research estimates the economic impacts of bicycle tourist based on cycling-related expenditure associated with trips made on the national network. This resource can be purchased through the Transportation Research Board,
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Behavior of Bicyclist in Following

Source: Transportation Research Board
A bicycle-following model presented in this paper represents the behavior of bicyclists as they follow each other in traffic stream without an opportunity or sufficient stimulus to overtake or pass a lead bicycle.
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A Partnership for Pedestrian Safety

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Eagle County works cooperatively with the Colorado DOT to redesign a major intersection to improve pedestrian safety while improving traffic flow as well.
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Transportation Association of Canada

Source: Transportation Association of Canada
The Transportation Association of Canada is a national association with a mission to promote the provision of safe, secure, efficient, effective and environmentally and financially sustainable transportation services in support of Canada'
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Danish Road Directorate

Source: Danish Ministry of Transport and Energy
The mission of the Danish Road Directorate is to manage the national roads, which carry almost 30 % of the total transport volume in Denmark. The site contains crash statistics, training information,
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The Padden Parkway Pedestrian/Bicycle Bridge

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use overpass installed over a major parkway in Clark County increases neighborhood connectivity and provides safe crossing for pedestrians and bicyclists.
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Destination Doylestown Bike & Hike Path

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Shared use path in Doylestown combines with traffic calming measures to provide safer pedestrian and bicycle access to multiple neighborhoods.
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Citizen's Accessibility Evaluation Tool

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Hillsborough County MPO develops a pedestrian accessibility evaluation tool to identify problem areas in a specific high-volume corridor.
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Sidewalk Construction Program

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC)
Citizens groups coordinate with government agencies in Alameda County to fund and construct new sidewalks in high need areas.
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Pedestrian and Bicyclist Intersection Safety Indices

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The primary objective of this study was to develop safety indices to allow engineers, planners, and other practitioners to proactively prioritize intersection crosswalks and intersection approaches with respect to pedestrian and bicycle safety.
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Safety and Location Criteria for Bicycle Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This report is a compendium of all research activities undertaken during the Safety and Locational Criteria for Bicycle Facilities research projet.
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School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of the School Trip Safety and Urban Play Areas research project was to develop guidelines for the protection of young pedestrians (5 -14 yrs) walking to and from school, entering and leaving school buses,
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A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
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A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evaluation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
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A Pedestrian Planning Procedures Manual

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The Manual identifies the significant data, procedures, and criteria that should be considered in the planning and evalutation of both comprehensive pedestrian systems and individual facilities.
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An Investigation of the Potential for Pathways Shared by Pedestrians and Bicyclists

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This report provides level of service and volume measurements in addition to measurements of conflict potential in order to determine the potential for shared pathways for bicyclists and pedestrians.
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Safety & Locational Criteria for Bicycle Facilities

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This manual is designed to enable users to make judgements on the need for and the location and form of biyclc facilities.
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Bikeway Planning Criteria and Guidelines

Source: Institute of Transportation and Traffic Engineering, State of California Business and Transportation Agency
Design criteria, specificationand guidelines for providing Class I and Class II bikeway facilities are presented.
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Traffic Calming Do's and Don'ts to Encourage Bicycling

Source: Institute of Transportation Engineers
This report discusses the role of the bicycle boulevard in a community and offers information on traffic calming measures that are both compatible and incompatible with bicycles.
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Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Travel

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report summarizes the results of the work performed under the project Study of Optimal Travel Speed Limits for Shared Traffic.
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Space Syntax: An Innovative Pedestrian Volume Modeling Tool for Pedestrian Safety

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This paper describes an innovative pedestrian modeling technique known as Space Syntax, which was used to create estimates of pedestrian volumes for the city of Oakland, California.
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Socioeconomics of Urban Travel: Evidence from the 2001 NHTS

Source: Transportation Quarterly
This paper summarizes the socioeconomic issues with the transportation system as illuminated by the 2001 National Household Travel Survey.
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Promoting Safe Walking and Cycling to Improve Public Health: Lessons from The Netherlands and Germany

Source: American Journal of Public Health, Vol 93.9
This report examines the public health consequences of unsafe and inconvenient walking and bicycling conditions in American cities and suggest improvements based on successful policies in The Netherlands and Germany.
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Pedestrian Safety and Transit Corridors

Source: Washington State Transportation Center (TRAC), Washington State Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration
This research examines the relationship between pedestrian accident locations on state-owned facilities (highways and urban arterials) and the presence of rider boardings and alightings from bus transit.
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Pedestrian Grade Separation Locations: A Priority Ranking System

Source: New Jersey Department of Transportation
This report describes the development of a priority ranking system for locations whre the installation of a pedestrian grade separation is proposed.
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Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Evaluation for the City of Emeryville at Four Intersections

Source: UC Berkeley Traffic Safety Center
This study attempts to predict the impacts of increasing volumes of vehicular, pedestrian, and bicycle traffic in Emeryville, California.
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Home Zone Concepts and New Jersey

Source: Alan M. Voorhees Transportation Center at Rutgers University
This report probes the potential for the application of the Dutch concept of woonerf, or Home Zone, for the United States, and particularly New Jersey.
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Cómo Alcanzar el Desarrollo Inteligente, II: 100 Políticas Adicionales Para Su Implementación

Source: International City/County Management Association
This is the Spanish-language version of the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide.
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Getting to Smart Growth II: 100 More Policies for Implementation

Source: International City/County Management Association
This is the second part of the "Getting to Smart Growth" guide.
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Effects of Site Design on Pedestrian Travel in Mixed-Use, Medium-Density Environments

Source: Washington State Department of Transportation
This report examines whether high or low incidence of pedestrian travel in mixed-use, medium-density environments is due to site design characteristics, and specifically to presence of direct, continuous,
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A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians

Source: National Cooperative Highway Research Program
The National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 500, Volume 10: A Guide for Reducing Collisions Involving Pedestrians provides strategies that can be employed to reduce the number of collisions involving pedestrians.
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The Effects of Traffic Calming Measures on Pedestrian and Motorist Behavior

Source: Highway Safety Administration
Whereas earlier studies usually focused on vehicle speeds and volumes, this study looked at motorist yielding and pedestrian crossing behavior, in addition to vehicle speeds.
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Sacramento, CA: Pedestrian Safety Guidelines

Source: City of Sacramento
These guidelines focus on street crossing treatments at controlled and uncontrolled intersections, discussing tools such as pavement marking and signal options and giving attention to roadway design.
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Pedestrian Crosswalk Case Studies

Source: Highway Safety Administration
The overall objective of the research was to determine the effect of crosswalk markings on driver and pedestrian behavior at unsignalized intersections.
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Maryland Safe Routes to School Guidebook: A Guide for Parents and Communities

Source: Maryland Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee & Maryland Department of Transportation
A comprehensive, 49-page guidebook that introduces the Safe Routes to School program to schools, parents and communities in Maryland and explains how to implement an Safe Routes to School program.
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Portland, OR: Pedestrian Master Plan

Source: City of Portland
The Master Plan outlines an action plan to achieve the city's pedestrian-oriented goals. To identify needed improvements, the plan used a rigorous identification process, including several opportunities for public input.
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San Diego, CA: Planning and Designing for Pedestrians

Source: SANDAG, San Diego's Regional Planning Agency
These guidelines provide an extremely thorough look at how to plan and design for the pedestrian.
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Safety Effects of Marked vs Unmarked Crosswalks at Uncontrolled Locations

Source: Federal Highway Administration
The purpose of this study was to determine whether marked crosswalks at uncontrolled locations are safer than unmarked crosswalks under various traffic and roadway conditions. Another objective was to providerecommendations on how to provide safer crossings for pedestrians.
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Bicycle Compatibility Index

Source: Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
This research report presents a bicycle compatibility index (BCI) methodology that can be used by practitioners to evaluate the capability of specific roadways to accommodate both motorists and bicyclists.
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Guidebook on Methods to Estimate Non-Motorized Travel: Overview of Methods

Source: Federal Highway Administration
This guidebook provides a means for practitioners to better understand and estimate bicycle and pedestrian travel and to address transportation planning needs. The guidebook describes and compares the various methods that can be used to forecast non-
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National Survey of Bicyclist and Pedestrian Attitudes and Behaviors

Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Bureau of Transportation Statistics
This brief summary highlights the findings from the National Survey of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Attitudes.
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Pedestrian Synthesis Report

Source: Pedestrian and Bicycle Information Center (PBIC), Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
The following document summarizes research on pedestrian safety in the United States with a focus on crash characteristics and the safety effects of various roadway features and traffic-control devices;
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